Old Testament Survey The Book Of Daniel

The Book Of Daniel

Introduction: Daniel was a Jew held captive in Babylon; he was most likely taken there as a young boy in about 606 B.C. Daniel was trained to work in the palace of the king.  In the Old Testament, Daniel is parallel to the Book of Revelation, in the New Testament.  This Book contains many visions, as does Ezekiel. It has often been called a Book of Visions – the word “vision” and “visions” appears over 30 times in the Book of Daniel.

Of the Books of the Bible that are under attack by the modernistic, liberal, scholars, Daniel is at the top of the list. The modernist do not believe in miracles nor in prophecy. Many deny that Daniel wrote the book of Daniel, and that it is a forgery.

The man: The Hebrew name Daniel, means “the judgment of God.” His Chaldee name was Belteshazzar, meaning: “Bel’s prince.” Bel was the chief deity of Babylon.

Daniel rose to the position of ruler over Babylon, second only to the King. Daniel lived in Babylon at least 72 years.

Central message: Similar to Ezekiel’s: Daniel 4:17, 25, and 32.

Outline of the Book

  1. The History Of Daniel – chap. 1 – 6
  2. The Prophecies Of Daniel – chaps. 7-12
  1. The History Of Daniel
  2. Many of the events were fulfilled at that time and they also looked to the future
  3. Nebuchadnezzar’s dream (chap. 2) also deals with the times of the Gentiles
  4. The 3 children in the fiery furnace (chap 3) also is a picture of Israel’s later tribulation
  5. The Pride of King Nebuchadnezzar – chap 3
  6. Vs 1 and 6- the image of gold
  7. Vs – 12 – Daniel and his friends refused to compromise their convictions and faith
  8. The Lord never promised to keep us out of the furnace of trials, but He did promise to be with us there – Vs 25
  9. I Peter 1:7 – I Peter 4:12 – James 1:2
  10. The handwriting on the wall – chap. 5
  11. Vs 5 – the hand was the Hand of God
  12. The candle stick – taken from the temple of Jerusalem
  13. The plaster – the significance is – that this was the same wall on which the king was accustomed to read the flattering legends of his own magnificence. He beholds the mysterious inscription which foretells his fall: Proverbs 16:18 and Acts 12:21-23
  14. Vs 8 – I Cor. 2:14
  15. Vs 11 – The king’s wife knew of Daniel – who could interpret the dream
  16. The interpretation – Vs 24-30

The Prophecy in chapter 2 is paralleled by the vision of chapter 7

           Chapter 2 – Nebuchadnezzar                   Chapter 7 – Daniel

The 4 metals of the image                            Representing 4 kingdoms

  1. Gold – Babylon                                                          1. Lion – Babylon
  2. Silver – Medo – Persia                                              2. Bear – Medo-Persia
  3. Brass – Greece                                                           3. Leopard – Greece
  4. Iron – Rome                                                               4. Diverse beast – Rome
  5. 10 Toes – Old Roman Empire                                5. 10 Horns – Old Roman Empire
  6. The Stone – Christ                                                    6. Ancient of Days – Christ
  7. The Mountain – Millennial Kingdom                  7. Everlasting Kingdom / Millennial Kingdom

The Prophecies Of Daniel

  1. The 70 weeks – chapter 9
  2. The first 69 weeks Daniel 9:25-26
  3. “weeks” means sevens = 69 X 7 = 483 years
  4. The decree of king Artaxerxes to rebuild Jerusalem – Nehemiah 2:5

(1)  Date found in Nehemiah 2:1 – determined to be March 14, 445 B.C.

(2)  From that day to the public announcement of Messiah’s ministry and His                                                                  rejection  (on what we call Palm Sunday – April 6, A.D. 32) was exactly 483 years

(3) 483 prophetic years of 360 days each = 173,880 days to the day                                                           5. The public announcement and rejection is the mark of the beginning of His being “cut off.”                                   It was prophesied 500 years before His birth with precise accuracy

The 70th week – Daniel 9:27

This 7 year period (week) is treated separate from the others – it has not come yet

This is known as the Tribulation

(1)  In the middle of it – anti-christ will set himself up in the Temple and desecrate it

Dan. 9:27; 7:25; II Thess. 2; Revelation 13:1-8

(2)  The people of God are persecuted

(3) This is also known as “The time of Jacob’s trouble” – Jeremiah 30                                                          The time between the 69th and 70th Week is known as The Church Age

(1)  This concerns the Gentile local church and not Israel

(2)  Israel is gone from the scene of Prophecy until the 70th Week (tribulation)

Old Testament Survey The Book Of Ezekiel

Introduction: Ezekiel, of all the Old Testament prophets, would be called “The Prophet of Visions.”  He often says: “The hand of the Lord was upon me;” 1:3 – 3:14, 22 – 8:1 – 33:22 – 37:1 40:1. Ezekiel was taken into captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar, in 597 B.C.  Ezekiel lived at the same time as Jeremiah the Prophet.

Ezekiel – the man: Ezekiel means “God strengthens.” He was a priest – 1:3. He has a wife but no children.  Ezekiel’s time of service was from 592 B.C. until 570 B.C. His ministry could be divided into two parts:

  1. Before the fall of Jerusalem: chaps. 1-24
  2. After the fall of Jerusalem: chaps. 25-48

Central message: “they” or “ye”  “shall know that I am the Lord;” is found 51 times in the Book of Ezekiel and also 19 times more with a slight variation, for a total of 70 times.

  1. Chief Messianic passages
  2. The Lord, the sanctuary – Ezekiel 11:16-20
  3. The wonderful cedar sprig – 17:22-24
  4. The rightful king – 21:26-27
  5. The faithful shepherd – 34:11-31
  6. The great purification – 36:25-35
  7. The great resurrection – 37:1-14
  8. The great reunion – 37:21-28
  9. The overthrow of God – chaps. 38 -39
  10. The life giving stream out of the Temple – 47:1-2                                                                                                                                                      The Original Vision – Ezekiel chapters 1-3

Note: Vs 1 – 30th year – this was Ezekiel’s age. This was the age in which a priest began his          duties – Numbers 4:3.  We will look at one of the visions in more detail and cover the others briefly for sake of time.

  1. Vision One – Jehovah is the source of judgment for sin
  2. 1:4 – The whirlwind (tornado)
  3. The North – that’s where the judgment was coming from, where Babylon was.
  4. Fire was unfolding = grabbing anything in its way and destroying it
  5. Amber – out of the midst = in the eye of it.
  6. The word “Amber,” as used here, denotes an amber-colored substance was the                                    center of the laboring flame.
  7. The Hebrew word hlektron, which we translate amber, was used to signify a compound metal, very bright, made of gold and brass.
  8. Gold is deity and brass is judgment. So we can see God’s judgment here. God uses the Babylonians to bring judgment to Israel.
  9. The symbol of the cherubim 1:5-14
  10. Ezekiel also refers to them as cherubs in chapter 10

(1)  Reference to in Genesis 3:24 – Garden of Eden

(2)  Exodus 25:18-22 – on the Ark of the Covenant

(3)  Revelation chapters 4-5; they guard the Throne in Heaven – represented as beast

(4)  They are used as guardians; they have to do with the holiness of God in contrast to the sin                                   of man

(5)  Not the same as Seraphim which deal with the uncleanness in God’s people                                                              as in Isaiah 6:2-7 – Isaiah’s unclean lips

  1. The symbolism of the faces

(1)  Lion = strength at its greatest

(2)  Ox = service at its meekest

(3)  Man = intelligence at its fullest

(4)  Eagle = heavenliness or spirituality most soaring

NOTE: When God became Man in the flesh (Jesus Christ); He was pictured in these same four ways in the Gospels.

  1. Matthew – Lion      2. Mark – Ox
  2. Luke – Man              4. John – Eagle


  1. Four wings and four hands – a wing with a hand beneath each of their four sides. 1:8.  This symbolized a full capacity for service
  2. 1:12 – “And they went every one straight forward …” symbolizing the carrying out of God’s will without any deviating from it
  3. Their complete holiness – 1:13
  4. vs 14 – their swift action – instant
  5. The four wheels 1:15-24                                                                                                                                                                    Each wheel was composed of two (2) 90 degree offset wheels

(1) Both wheels were standing up vertical, one rotating north to south and the other                                                     rotating east to west

(2) God gave Ezekiel the vision and he wrote it down in – of course – earthly terms

Example – vs 10, 13 – As for the likeness Vs 16 – The appearance of the wheels

Vs 16 – “A wheel in the middle of a wheel” – a second wheel at right angles with

the first. Thus the four half circles made four faces or sides.

It is probable, the wheels were framed so as to be an exact sphere, which is

easily rolled to any side                                                                                                                                                    Vs 18 – eyes -As the wheels signify the providence of God, so the eyes imply that

He sees all the circumstances of each case, and does nothing by blind impulse.

The rings – the circumference of the wheels                                                                                                             Vs 20 – The Spirit of the living creature was in the wheels -That is, the wheels

were instinct with a vital spirit; the wheels were alive, they also were animals,

or endued with animal life, as the creatures were that stood upon them. Here then

is the chariot of Jehovah. There are four wheels, on each of which, one of the

Cherubim stands; the four compound animals form the body of the chariot, their

wings spread horizontally above, forming the canopy or covering of this chariot;

on the top of  which, or upon the extended wings of the four living creatures, was

the throne, on which was the appearance of a man: Ezekiel 1:26

Summation and application: The wheels show that everything on the earth (specifically, the coming judgment of Jerusalem, foreseen by Ezekiel in verse 4 – tornado – fire, etc.) is connected with the heavenly realm. God is in control and His judgment is swift and sure. His eyes are everywhere, beholding the evil and the good all the time.

The living creatures connect with God as the wheels connect heaven and earth. They were controlled by the Spirit of God within them – Ezekiel 1:20.

The wheels connect earth with the heavenly cherubim who connect with God Himself as the creatures nearest to His Throne.                                                                                                                                                                      The height of this vision – vs 25-28

Ezekiel heard the voice of God. No one has seen God at any time. The mere presence

of God’s glory drove  Ezekiel to fall on his face before Almighty God – vs 28

(1)  This was not the full glory of God, but only what Ezekiel could bear

(2)  This also shows the majesty of God and the weakness of man                                                                                        The “bow” vs 28 – a rainbow – The symbol of Divine Covenant.                                                                                     Even thought there would be ruin of the city, temple etc. there would not be a total ruin of the                            earth as in the flood.

  1. Vision Two – The Prophet’s Vision as a Watchman – chap. 3
  2. vs 10 – receive in your heart – accept with understanding

vs 10 – hear – listen; understand, be obedient

  1. vs 11 – speak, tell – once you’ve got the message from the Lord, deliver it to the people
  2. vs 11 – tell them God’s Word whether they listen or not
  3. vs 16-21 – God holds the preacher responsible for the faithful delivery of his messages: when this is done, it is both the preacher’s duty and his privilege to leave the consequences with God

III. Vision Three – Sin And the Reason for Judgment – chaps 8-11

  1. God’s people profaned the Temple – chap. 8
  2. The people worshipped images – vs 3, 5. Image = idol. This is the court where the people made an altar to Baal
  3. The elders worshipped animals – vs 8-11
  4. Vs 13-15 – the women corrupted themselves with sexual abominations
  5. vs 14 – Tammuz is Adonis, of Greek mythology
  6. this cult practiced sexual abominations
  7. Chap. 8:16 – the 25 men were the high priests and they all worshipped the sun
  8. We see from the least to the greatest; from the common person to the priest. Ezekiel was shown that the idolatry was spread all throughout the land.
  9. Ezekiel sees the judgment of the people from God
  10. The Glory of the Lord goes from the city – 11:23
  11. This vision is no mean proof of the long-suffering of God.
  12. God did not abandon this people all at once, He departed by little and little.                                                   FIRST – God left the temple.                                                                                                                               SECOND – He stopped a little at the gate of the city.                                                                                             THIRD – He departed entirely from the city and went to the Mount of Olives, which lay on the east side of the city. Having tarried there for some time to see if they would repent and turn to him.                         FOURTH, the Lord departed to heaven.                                                                                                                                      Application for us – Numbers 32:23 – I Corinthians 4:5
  1. Vision Four – Vision Of The Valley Of Dry Bones – chap. 37
  2. This is a vision of the rebirth of Israel as a nation
  3. Vs 11-14 – the vision is explained
  4. The doubters and scoffers thought it was impossible for Israel to be a Nation again
  5. For nearly 2000 years, Israel was not a nation; the scoffers used this to prove that the Bible was wrong
  6. The devil’s greatest effort to wipe out Israel, in WW II, was used to turn the hearts of the world to bring Israel back as a Nation
  7. God took the evil and made something good come out of it Genesis 50:20, Romans 8:28
  1. The King Of Tyre – Chap. 28
  2. This prophecy is against the King of Tyre – vs 2, 12
  3. God’s Word tells us who the true force is behind that king – vs 12-19
  4. This is satan working in and through an earthly king
  5. Vs 13 – Eden – there – in the splendor and beauty of God’s creation – satan tempted man and caused the fall of man into sin.
  6. Vs 14 – satan was originally an angel created by God
  7. Vs 15, 16 – God created the devil perfect – and he was – until he decided to sin
  8. Vs 17 – Isaiah 14:12-16
  9. Ezekiel 28:17 – the heart condition – of the king of Tyre:

a. self

b. sinful pride

c. rebellion


Old Testament Survey The Book of Lamentations

Introduction: The Books of Lamentations and Jeremiah were both written by the prophet Jeremiah. He is known as the “weeping prophet.” Jeremiah 9:1

This Book is read by the Jews at the feast of the anniversary of the destruction of Jerusalem.

It was divided into five (5) Lamentations. Each is complete and covers one chapter, each, of our Bibles.

The dictionary definition of “lamentation” is: “The act of lamenting or bewailing; utterance of profound grief or regret; a wailing cry.”

This Book is a disclosure of the love and sorrow of God for the very people whom He is chastening. This sorrow was begun by the Holy Spirit in Jeremiah’s heart – Jeremiah 13:17.

The author:  The Holy Spirit.

Central Message: Mourning over Jerusalem. A New Testament parallel is Luke 13:34-35.

Jesus, here, had the same broken heart that Jeremiah did, 600 years earlier.

  1. The First Lamentation – Chapter 1
  2. Vs 1-11 – Shows the miserable state of Jerusalem, the just consequences of its sins.
  3. Jerusalem became a captive and a slave to her sins
  4. Israel had no rest from suffering from her sins
  5. If we allow sin, our greatest enemy, to rule over us, then our other enemies will also be allowed to captivate us; ruin us; control us; rule us.
  6. Vs 1 – widow = she has become a desolate place / house
  7. Vs 3 – no rest = no home – her enemies overtook her straits” =   trouble, distress, pain
  8. Vs 12-22: Jerusalem is represented as a captive female, lamenting, and seeking the mercy of God.                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Second Lamentation – Chapter 2
  1. God’s anger at Israel’s sins – Vs 1
  2. God gets angry because of our sins
  3. God hates the sin that we do – Proverbs 6:16 -20
  4. God is not an enemy to his people
  5. God is angry with us and corrects us because He loves us
  6. God loves Israel – but He will not put up with sin – either theirs or ours
  7. God brought Israel from prosperity to adversity. He allowed her a big fall – vs 5-7                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Chapter 3:  The Third Lamentation
  1. Jeremiah’s Grief – Vs 1-2
  2. Rod of His wrath = God’s correction with His anger
  3. Vs 2 – darkness is calamity and light is prosperity
  4. Vs 4 – sin makes you old before your time
  5. There is hope – even in adversity
  6. Vs 18 -21: here the prophet realizes that, even though he was in despair, there reallyis HOPE.
  7. Vs 22 – It is only by God’s mercies / grace, that we are even alive God’s compassion’s do not fail
  8. Vs 23 – every day – God’s mercies are new.
  9. Great = mighty – more – multiply – plenteous
  10. Faithfulness – security – fidelity – morality – stability – truth
  11. the old hymn – Great is thy faithfulness – is from this verse
  12. Vs 24 – 26 – 29: HOPE
  13. Vs 31: Psalms 94:14
  14. Vs 41 – lifting up the hands without the heart is sheer hypocrisy.
  15. Psalms 86:4
  16. heart = courage
  1. The Fourth Lamentation: Chapter 4
  2. God’s Anger – vs 1-2
  3. Notice the change here
  4. Sin tarnishes the beauty of the most excellent gifts
  5. Gold, tried in the fire – its outward appearance may be dimmed, but its real value can never be changed
  6. The horrors of the siege and destruction of Jerusalem are again described.
  7. The sad consequences of sin in the Nation of Israel
  8. we should seriously consider that the same causes can bring down the  local church in this day and age
  9. Jeremiah laments the effects of the famine: vs 3-10
  10. Vs 3 – the sea monsters = whales – take care of their young
  11. Vs 3 – the Ostriches lay their eggs in the sand and leave them there
  12. Vs 10 – hunger has driven the women of Israel to abandon their young
  13. Jeremiah laments the taking and sacking of Jerusalem – Vs 11-12
  14. Jeremiah acknowledges that the sins of their prophets and priests were the cause of all God’s         anger and judgment upon Israel – Vs 13-16
  1. The Fifth Lamentation – Chapter 5
  2. Jerusalem’s prayer
  3. James 5:13 – when you are afflicted – pray
  4. Vs 2 – the land of Canaan was in the hands of their enemy

Notes: In your darkest days of trials and troubles, when all around us is gloom and your life seems to be falling apart – we ought still to maintain our confidence in God. We should seek his strength and help by humble confession and praying … crying out to God.

We should have sincere repentance and obedience.  If we do this, we may be assured that our present sorrows, and trials etc. will end in joy and gladness; just as God, at the appointed time, forgave and restored the Jews to their own land.

  1. Vs 5: They felt the yoke of bondage – like the bull or the ox that has a yoke upon his neck
  1. Vs 6: They made treaties with their enemies in order to get the basic necessities of life
  2. Vs 9: They could not go into the wilderness to feed their cattle, or to get the necessities of life,     without being harassed and plundered by marauding parties.
  3. This exposed them to the peril of their lives.
  4. This was predicted by Moses – Deut. 28:31
  5. Vs 12: They were suspended from hooks in the wall by their hands until they died through            torture and exhaustion.
  6. The body of Saul was fastened to the wall of Bethshan, probably in the same way;                              but his head had already been taken off.
  7. They were hung in this way that they might be devoured by the fowls of the air.
  8. It was a custom with the Persians after they had slain, strangled, or beheaded their                        enemies, to hang their bodies upon poles
  9. The prophet knows that the Lord can hear and deliver them
  10. Vs 19 – God does not change; he seeks God’s renewed love to Israel
  11. Vs 20 – he realizes that God does not forsake us; a long time may seem so: Heb. 13:5
  12. Vs 21 – make us the way we were before we sinned. Restore our land – our Templ etc.
  13. Vs 22 – We are now greatly humbled, we feel our sin, and see our folly.
  14. once more, restore us, and we shall never again forsake God.
  15. He heard the prayer; and at the end of seventy years they were restored to their own land