Old Testament Survey Leviticus

The Book Of Leviticus

Introduction: This is the third Book Of Moses; the third Book of the Law. The “Key Word” of this Book is HOLINESS. This word occurs 87 times in this Book.; the “Key Verse” is
Leviticus 19:2. This Book deals with: 1. The offerings 2. The Law of the offerings
3. Consecration 4. A warning example 5. A Holy God requires a clean, Holy people
6. Atonement 7. Relationships of God’s people 8. Feasts of Jehovah 9. Instructions and warnings.

The Book of Exodus covers a time period of about 216 years while Leviticus covers a time period of a year or less. In Exodus, God speaks from the Mount to Moses; the Children of Israel were forbidden to go there. In Leviticus, God speaks from the Tabernacle where He dwells in the midst of His people, Israel.

I. The Offerings
A. Lev. 1:1-2
1. the offering was to come to God’s House – here, the Tabernacle
2. Moses is instructed by God to tell the Children of Israel
B. Directions concerning burnt-offerings chapter 1
1. A bullock, vs 1-9
2. A sheep, goat, lamb, or kid, vs 10-13
3. A turtle dove, or young pigeon, vs 14-17
C. Sweet Savor offerings chapter 2-3
D. Non sweet savor offerings chapter 4-5
E. Trespass offering chapter 6:7

II. The Law Of The Offerings chapter 6:8-7:38
A. Moses received instructions to be delivered to the priests respecting their official duties,
and first the burnt offering – Hebrew, “a sacrifice,
B. This is the ceremony which ought to be observed in the offerings

III. Consecration Of The Priest chapter 8 – 9
A. Leviticus is beneficial to us as a “shadow” of things concerning our High Priest, Jesus
Christ 8:1, 7-9, 30,
B. His sacrifice of Himself – by Himself – for Us Hebrews 10:1-3, 10-12 unholy vs 8-11

IV. A Warning Example chapter 10
A. Strange fire vs 1
1. The sin of Nadab and Abihu was doing without seeking the mind of God before acting
2. It typifies any use of carnality to promote the fire of devotion and praise.
B. There is a difference between the Holy and the profane

V. A Holy God Requires A Clean, Holy People chapter 11-15

A. laws regarding what can be eaten of touched chapter 11
B. Laws regarding childbirth chapter 12
C. Laws regarding leprosy chapters 13-14
D. Laws concerning sexual purity chapter 15

VI. The Day Of Atonement chapter 16
A. This is one of the most powerful Jewish religious days
1. Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement
2. vs 29-31 the date is October 10th
B. Atonement for the sins of the nation
C. This is the only time of the year when the high priest was allowed to enter into the Holy
of Holies to offer the blood upon the altar for the sins of the people
D. Vs 33 – 34 What Atonement was to be made for

VII. Relationships Of God’s People chapters 18-22
A. In order to walk with a Holy God, God’s people must be holy 19:1-2
1. holy means: sacred – set apart
2. the word “sanctification” has the basic same meaning
B. Things to keep away from or not to touch 19:26-32
1. I Thessalonians 5:22
2. Lev. 18 deals with incest – adultery – homosexuality – beastiality – nakedness
C. Punishments for impurity chapter 20
1. idolatry = death
2. consorting with witches or being a witch = death
3. cursing mother or father = death 20:9
4. incest = death
5. homosexuality = death 20:13
6. beastiality = death 20:15-16
7. adultery = death 20:10
8. unclean and improper sexual practices = childlessness

Christ In Leviticus

1:3 without blemish Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:14; I Peter 1:19
1:4 atonement Romans 5:11
1:5 priests Hebrews 10:11
4:12 without the camp Hebrews 13:11-12
4:16 the priests Hebrews 9:12-14
8:33-34 commanded Hebrews 7:16
9:7 atonement for all Heb. 5:1-5; 7:27; 9:7-12
9:15 the peoples offering Hebrews 2:17; 5:3
14:7 cleansing by blood Hebrews 9:13-14
16:3 into the Holy Place Hebrews 9:7; 12; 24-25
16:14 blood Hebrews 9:13-14; 10:4, & 10
16:15 offering for the people Heb. 2:17; 5:2; 9:7, & 28
16:16 Atonement for holy place Hebrews 9:22-23
16:17 Atonement for the altar Hebrews 9:12-23
16:30 Cleansing by blood Hebrews 9:13-14; I John 1: 7-9
16:22 The scapegoat John 1:29; Heb. 9:28; I Peter 2:24
17:11 Blood Atonement Matt. 26:28; Mark 14:24; Eph. 1:7;
Col. 1:20; Hebrews 13:12
25:49 Kinsman redeemer Luke 1:68; 24:21; Romans 8:29; Gal. 3:13;
Gal. 4:4-5; Phil. 1:14; II Thess. 2:13;
Titus 2:13-14; I Peter 1:18

NOTE: These are just a few of the many, many references to Christ found in the Book of Leviticus. The major portion of this Book points directly to Jesus Christ. The Book of Hebrews is the most profitable Book in the New Testament to help you to understand the Book of Leviticus.
Hebrews 10:1 tells us that the Law was a shadow of what would come. With Jesus, it was fulfilled.
Hebrews 9:12 – “once” vs 28 “once” Hebrews 10:10 “once for all” vs 12 -“one sacrifice”
vs 11 the priests “sacrifices” or sacraments, can NEVER take away sins.

Genesis is the Book of Beginnings; also a book where God called His people out of Egypt. In Exodus, we see the redemption of God’s people where they left of Egypt. In the Book of Leviticus, we see the Atonement; a code of Holiness that God expects His people to follow; sacrifices as a symbol.

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