Old Testament Survey: The Book Of Amos

Introduction: Amos was a Jew who prophesied in the Northern Kingdom. Amos was not from the school of the prophets – he had no formal training. He was also a herdsman and a farmer. Yet, he had the same Divine Spirit of God upon him that influenced Isaiah and Daniel etc. God uses anybody that makes themselves available to Him. Remember, God gives abilities to us when we yield to Him. God can and wants to use you.

Date: This was written from 787 – 797 B.C.

The Book: Written during the reign of King Uzziah in Israel after Amos had been expelled from the Northern Kingdom for his bold preaching in Bethel.

Amos deals with the Judgments on the cities surrounding Palestine; Judah and Israel; Jehovah God’s dealing with the family of Jacob and the future glory of the Davidic kingdom.

  1. The Message Of The Book: Amos 3:1-3
  2. The context is this: Can you have God’s presence while you walk contrary with Him?
  3. In Amos day, God’s people broke sweet communion and fellowship with God.
  4. God did not break it from them, they broke from God: that’s sad.
  5. How can a child of God have the power of God on him while not fellowshipping with God.
  6. You cannot walk with God if you are not living for God in your daily life.
  7. Can you have God’s presence while you walk so contrary to him?
  8. Hate The Evil And Love The Good: Amos 5:14-15
  9. The choice between evil and good has gone on since Adam and Eve in the Garden in Genesis 3.
  10. Joshua exhorted God’s people to choose between good and evil in Joshua 24:15
  11. “And if it seem evil unto you to serve the Lord …..”
  12. To some, they like the evil better than the good; that’s why we have so much hatred in this world.

a So much war

b.So much violence

c.   So much murder

d.So much immorality

e. Abortion/murder of the unborn is into the millions

f. It becomes evil in the sight of people for God’s people to do good

g. Joshua exhorted the Israelites: God’s people, not the heathen, to choose between Gods              and the false gods. The gods that they worshipped before God redeemed them and                                       delivered them. The Israelites had a problem: sin. They couldn’t decide whether to go                                  back and live in sin or to go forward and serve the God that had saved them.

h. Amos 5:15: hate ALL evil among God’s people: I Thessalonians 5:22.

i. Love, commend, encourage, defend the GOOD. Let your heart be towards good things.

Psalms 34:14 and Psalms 34:8


Paul refused to eat meat offered to idols: I Cor. 8:1 & 10:13-14

There was nothing wrong with the meat itself: I Cor. 8:4.

Vs 7-10: be careful lest we tempt others to fall into sin and false doctrine

Sometimes, it is not the thing itself that is the sin, but where we are or what we do with it:                      that is the sin.

Be careful where we go, what we say and what we do lest we become a hindrance to

someone and they not be saved.  I Cor. 6:12 and I Cor. 10:23

III. God Always Keeps His Promises Amos 9:13-15

  1. God reminded Israel of what He has in store for them in the future.
  2. God’s Word also reminds us of what He has in store for those who have received Him as            Saviour.
  3. A perfect salvation
  4. Salvation that lasts: He won’t cast us out
  5. Blessings and benefits: here and now
  6. The Comforter – the Holy Spirit to teach, guide and empower us                                                     John 14:6: a home in Heaven.

Old Testament Survey: The Book Of Joel

Introduction: Joel lived during the time of the Prophet Elisha; approximately 800 years before the birth of Jesus Christ. Joash was king.

The Name Joel: Means “Jehovah is God.”  He prophesied mostly about Jerusalem and Judah.

Date: Approximately 800 B.C.

  1. The Plague Of Locust: Chap. 1:11-2:11
  2. Chap. 2:1-11 references to revelation 16:14
  3. This refers to Armageddon
  4. Vs 11: references to Revelation 19:11-21
  5. Joel calls for repentance: 2:12-17
  6. Repentance is a turning back to God as well as a turning from our sin.
  7. The sin that keeps us from Gods blessings.
  8. The sin that hinders our sweet fellowship with the Lord.
  9. The sin that hinders our spiritual progress.
  10. Prophecy 2:28

    “Afterward “= in the last days

  1. “Pour out my Spirit”
  2. This prophecy was fulfilled in Acts 2:15 -21
  3. Acts 2:16: “this is that”
  4. “this” = the happenings of Acts 2:1-14.
  5. The Day of Pentecost begins the “Last Days”, according to this fulfilled prophecy.
  6. The local New Testament Church was empowered on the Day of Pentecost
  7. Acts 2:41: 3,000 souls saved – baptized and added to the local church.
  8. That particular local church was the one in Jerusalem in Acts 1:15.

The Last Days

  1. Afterwards: Joel 2:28 – this is the last days of Acts 2:17
  2. Joel 2:28 was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost, therefore, the Last Days began on                             the Day of Pentecost.
  3. This means that we have been living in the Last Days for over 2,000 years
  4. We are living, I believe, in the last part of the Last Days.
  5. We are to LOOK for the return of Jesus Christ.
  6. We are to LIVE for Jesus until His return.

NOTES: Joel 3:14: “Valley of Decision.” The valley in which they are to meet their “determined doom.” The same as “the valley of Jehoshaphat,” that is, “the valley of judgment.”

This is the place where God executes His judgment upon His enemies.

People have decisions to make – to be saved or remain unsaved. Christians also have decisions –

Once we are saved, do I live for the Lord or not. Will I be faithful or remain unfaithful. How long will I serve Him?

Joel tells of the effects of the plagues, past and future. He looks beyond them to plagues of Israel’s enemies to come and calls Israel to repentance. Then, he looks to the end times and God’s triumph over Israel’s final enemies and the promise of God’s blessings upon Israel and the gentile believers.

Old Testament survey: The Book Of Hosea

Introduction: Hosea lived at the same time as Amos; Isaiah & Micah.

The name “Hosea” means deliverance. He was an Israelite native to Israel.

200 years before Hosea’s time, 10 of the 12 tribes of Israel had left and set up the Northern Kingdom. They began the worship of idols and that’s why God sent the prophets, Elijah and Elisha to preach against their sin. God wanted them to repent of their sin and turn back to God.

Date:  785 B.C. or approximately 2,890 years ago

This Book covers a time period of 60 years.

The setting: There was outward prosperity in Israel: the borders had increased; the Temple offerings had increased. Then there was peace because Syria and Moab had been conquered.

Inwardly, there was spiritual decay; immorality abounded. Israel was worshipping false gods

Including offering children as sacrifices. The priests had condoned all of this.

  1. Israel’s Sins: chap 4:1-2
  2. Vs 1: Hear = listen and apply it to yourself – not to other people
  3. Vs 1: God has a controversy with Israel –
  4. Controversy = conflict
  5. No truth; mercy & no knowledge of God.
  6. Truth: John 14:6
  7. None of God’s mercy = no forgiveness of sins. Why?

(1)  They did not know God and therefore did not confess their sins to God.

(2)  Therefore, they could not receive God’s forgiveness – mercy and – pardon.

  1. No knowledge of God = they did not know the Word of God nor the God of the Word
  2. Vs 2: Swearing, lying, killing, stealing & adultery.
  3. Vs 3: Result of their sin
  4. The idolatry of Israel 4:12-19
  5. To some, their idol is money, sports, self, spouse, clothes, cars, recreation, music, children etc.
  6. Anything that you put before God or anything you allow to keep you from serving God
  7. Hosea 13:6: they sad account of Hosea
  8. They forgot God
  9. Vs 7-8 and 9: self-destruction
  10. God’s Pleading: chap. 14
  11. Vs 1: return
  12. Ask forgiveness of sins: vs 2
  13. Asshur = one of the 12 Tribes of Israel: only God can deliver / save.
  14. God’s promise if they would return to Him: vs 4-7
  15. What would be the effect on others if they would return: vs 8

God’s Ways Are Right Ways: Proverbs 16:25 – Psalms 19:8 – Psalms 119:75

Conclusion: God’s instructions are to “return” Why? Because it is “we” who moved away from God. If we “return” 14:4: God promises to “heal” the backsliding; to love us and turn His anger away     from us.

Old Testament Survey The Book Of Ezekiel

Introduction: Ezekiel, of all the Old Testament prophets, would be called “The Prophet of Visions.”  He often says: “The hand of the Lord was upon me;” 1:3 – 3:14, 22 – 8:1 – 33:22 – 37:1 40:1. Ezekiel was taken into captivity by King Nebuchadnezzar, in 597 B.C.  Ezekiel lived at the same time as Jeremiah the Prophet.

Ezekiel – the man: Ezekiel means “God strengthens.” He was a priest – 1:3. He has a wife but no children.  Ezekiel’s time of service was from 592 B.C. until 570 B.C. His ministry could be divided into two parts:

  1. Before the fall of Jerusalem: chaps. 1-24
  2. After the fall of Jerusalem: chaps. 25-48

Central message: “they” or “ye”  “shall know that I am the Lord;” is found 51 times in the Book of Ezekiel and also 19 times more with a slight variation, for a total of 70 times.

  1. Chief Messianic passages
  2. The Lord, the sanctuary – Ezekiel 11:16-20
  3. The wonderful cedar sprig – 17:22-24
  4. The rightful king – 21:26-27
  5. The faithful shepherd – 34:11-31
  6. The great purification – 36:25-35
  7. The great resurrection – 37:1-14
  8. The great reunion – 37:21-28
  9. The overthrow of God – chaps. 38 -39
  10. The life giving stream out of the Temple – 47:1-2                                                                                                                                                      The Original Vision – Ezekiel chapters 1-3

Note: Vs 1 – 30th year – this was Ezekiel’s age. This was the age in which a priest began his          duties – Numbers 4:3.  We will look at one of the visions in more detail and cover the others briefly for sake of time.

  1. Vision One – Jehovah is the source of judgment for sin
  2. 1:4 – The whirlwind (tornado)
  3. The North – that’s where the judgment was coming from, where Babylon was.
  4. Fire was unfolding = grabbing anything in its way and destroying it
  5. Amber – out of the midst = in the eye of it.
  6. The word “Amber,” as used here, denotes an amber-colored substance was the                                    center of the laboring flame.
  7. The Hebrew word hlektron, which we translate amber, was used to signify a compound metal, very bright, made of gold and brass.
  8. Gold is deity and brass is judgment. So we can see God’s judgment here. God uses the Babylonians to bring judgment to Israel.
  9. The symbol of the cherubim 1:5-14
  10. Ezekiel also refers to them as cherubs in chapter 10

(1)  Reference to in Genesis 3:24 – Garden of Eden

(2)  Exodus 25:18-22 – on the Ark of the Covenant

(3)  Revelation chapters 4-5; they guard the Throne in Heaven – represented as beast

(4)  They are used as guardians; they have to do with the holiness of God in contrast to the sin                                   of man

(5)  Not the same as Seraphim which deal with the uncleanness in God’s people                                                              as in Isaiah 6:2-7 – Isaiah’s unclean lips

  1. The symbolism of the faces

(1)  Lion = strength at its greatest

(2)  Ox = service at its meekest

(3)  Man = intelligence at its fullest

(4)  Eagle = heavenliness or spirituality most soaring

NOTE: When God became Man in the flesh (Jesus Christ); He was pictured in these same four ways in the Gospels.

  1. Matthew – Lion      2. Mark – Ox
  2. Luke – Man              4. John – Eagle


  1. Four wings and four hands – a wing with a hand beneath each of their four sides. 1:8.  This symbolized a full capacity for service
  2. 1:12 – “And they went every one straight forward …” symbolizing the carrying out of God’s will without any deviating from it
  3. Their complete holiness – 1:13
  4. vs 14 – their swift action – instant
  5. The four wheels 1:15-24                                                                                                                                                                    Each wheel was composed of two (2) 90 degree offset wheels

(1) Both wheels were standing up vertical, one rotating north to south and the other                                                     rotating east to west

(2) God gave Ezekiel the vision and he wrote it down in – of course – earthly terms

Example – vs 10, 13 – As for the likeness Vs 16 – The appearance of the wheels

Vs 16 – “A wheel in the middle of a wheel” – a second wheel at right angles with

the first. Thus the four half circles made four faces or sides.

It is probable, the wheels were framed so as to be an exact sphere, which is

easily rolled to any side                                                                                                                                                    Vs 18 – eyes -As the wheels signify the providence of God, so the eyes imply that

He sees all the circumstances of each case, and does nothing by blind impulse.

The rings – the circumference of the wheels                                                                                                             Vs 20 – The Spirit of the living creature was in the wheels -That is, the wheels

were instinct with a vital spirit; the wheels were alive, they also were animals,

or endued with animal life, as the creatures were that stood upon them. Here then

is the chariot of Jehovah. There are four wheels, on each of which, one of the

Cherubim stands; the four compound animals form the body of the chariot, their

wings spread horizontally above, forming the canopy or covering of this chariot;

on the top of  which, or upon the extended wings of the four living creatures, was

the throne, on which was the appearance of a man: Ezekiel 1:26

Summation and application: The wheels show that everything on the earth (specifically, the coming judgment of Jerusalem, foreseen by Ezekiel in verse 4 – tornado – fire, etc.) is connected with the heavenly realm. God is in control and His judgment is swift and sure. His eyes are everywhere, beholding the evil and the good all the time.

The living creatures connect with God as the wheels connect heaven and earth. They were controlled by the Spirit of God within them – Ezekiel 1:20.

The wheels connect earth with the heavenly cherubim who connect with God Himself as the creatures nearest to His Throne.                                                                                                                                                                      The height of this vision – vs 25-28

Ezekiel heard the voice of God. No one has seen God at any time. The mere presence

of God’s glory drove  Ezekiel to fall on his face before Almighty God – vs 28

(1)  This was not the full glory of God, but only what Ezekiel could bear

(2)  This also shows the majesty of God and the weakness of man                                                                                        The “bow” vs 28 – a rainbow – The symbol of Divine Covenant.                                                                                     Even thought there would be ruin of the city, temple etc. there would not be a total ruin of the                            earth as in the flood.

  1. Vision Two – The Prophet’s Vision as a Watchman – chap. 3
  2. vs 10 – receive in your heart – accept with understanding

vs 10 – hear – listen; understand, be obedient

  1. vs 11 – speak, tell – once you’ve got the message from the Lord, deliver it to the people
  2. vs 11 – tell them God’s Word whether they listen or not
  3. vs 16-21 – God holds the preacher responsible for the faithful delivery of his messages: when this is done, it is both the preacher’s duty and his privilege to leave the consequences with God

III. Vision Three – Sin And the Reason for Judgment – chaps 8-11

  1. God’s people profaned the Temple – chap. 8
  2. The people worshipped images – vs 3, 5. Image = idol. This is the court where the people made an altar to Baal
  3. The elders worshipped animals – vs 8-11
  4. Vs 13-15 – the women corrupted themselves with sexual abominations
  5. vs 14 – Tammuz is Adonis, of Greek mythology
  6. this cult practiced sexual abominations
  7. Chap. 8:16 – the 25 men were the high priests and they all worshipped the sun
  8. We see from the least to the greatest; from the common person to the priest. Ezekiel was shown that the idolatry was spread all throughout the land.
  9. Ezekiel sees the judgment of the people from God
  10. The Glory of the Lord goes from the city – 11:23
  11. This vision is no mean proof of the long-suffering of God.
  12. God did not abandon this people all at once, He departed by little and little.                                                   FIRST – God left the temple.                                                                                                                               SECOND – He stopped a little at the gate of the city.                                                                                             THIRD – He departed entirely from the city and went to the Mount of Olives, which lay on the east side of the city. Having tarried there for some time to see if they would repent and turn to him.                         FOURTH, the Lord departed to heaven.                                                                                                                                      Application for us – Numbers 32:23 – I Corinthians 4:5
  1. Vision Four – Vision Of The Valley Of Dry Bones – chap. 37
  2. This is a vision of the rebirth of Israel as a nation
  3. Vs 11-14 – the vision is explained
  4. The doubters and scoffers thought it was impossible for Israel to be a Nation again
  5. For nearly 2000 years, Israel was not a nation; the scoffers used this to prove that the Bible was wrong
  6. The devil’s greatest effort to wipe out Israel, in WW II, was used to turn the hearts of the world to bring Israel back as a Nation
  7. God took the evil and made something good come out of it Genesis 50:20, Romans 8:28
  1. The King Of Tyre – Chap. 28
  2. This prophecy is against the King of Tyre – vs 2, 12
  3. God’s Word tells us who the true force is behind that king – vs 12-19
  4. This is satan working in and through an earthly king
  5. Vs 13 – Eden – there – in the splendor and beauty of God’s creation – satan tempted man and caused the fall of man into sin.
  6. Vs 14 – satan was originally an angel created by God
  7. Vs 15, 16 – God created the devil perfect – and he was – until he decided to sin
  8. Vs 17 – Isaiah 14:12-16
  9. Ezekiel 28:17 – the heart condition – of the king of Tyre:

a. self

b. sinful pride

c. rebellion


Old Testament Survey The Book of Lamentations

Introduction: The Books of Lamentations and Jeremiah were both written by the prophet Jeremiah. He is known as the “weeping prophet.” Jeremiah 9:1

This Book is read by the Jews at the feast of the anniversary of the destruction of Jerusalem.

It was divided into five (5) Lamentations. Each is complete and covers one chapter, each, of our Bibles.

The dictionary definition of “lamentation” is: “The act of lamenting or bewailing; utterance of profound grief or regret; a wailing cry.”

This Book is a disclosure of the love and sorrow of God for the very people whom He is chastening. This sorrow was begun by the Holy Spirit in Jeremiah’s heart – Jeremiah 13:17.

The author:  The Holy Spirit.

Central Message: Mourning over Jerusalem. A New Testament parallel is Luke 13:34-35.

Jesus, here, had the same broken heart that Jeremiah did, 600 years earlier.

  1. The First Lamentation – Chapter 1
  2. Vs 1-11 – Shows the miserable state of Jerusalem, the just consequences of its sins.
  3. Jerusalem became a captive and a slave to her sins
  4. Israel had no rest from suffering from her sins
  5. If we allow sin, our greatest enemy, to rule over us, then our other enemies will also be allowed to captivate us; ruin us; control us; rule us.
  6. Vs 1 – widow = she has become a desolate place / house
  7. Vs 3 – no rest = no home – her enemies overtook her straits” =   trouble, distress, pain
  8. Vs 12-22: Jerusalem is represented as a captive female, lamenting, and seeking the mercy of God.                                                                                                                                                                                                   The Second Lamentation – Chapter 2
  1. God’s anger at Israel’s sins – Vs 1
  2. God gets angry because of our sins
  3. God hates the sin that we do – Proverbs 6:16 -20
  4. God is not an enemy to his people
  5. God is angry with us and corrects us because He loves us
  6. God loves Israel – but He will not put up with sin – either theirs or ours
  7. God brought Israel from prosperity to adversity. He allowed her a big fall – vs 5-7                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Chapter 3:  The Third Lamentation
  1. Jeremiah’s Grief – Vs 1-2
  2. Rod of His wrath = God’s correction with His anger
  3. Vs 2 – darkness is calamity and light is prosperity
  4. Vs 4 – sin makes you old before your time
  5. There is hope – even in adversity
  6. Vs 18 -21: here the prophet realizes that, even though he was in despair, there reallyis HOPE.
  7. Vs 22 – It is only by God’s mercies / grace, that we are even alive God’s compassion’s do not fail
  8. Vs 23 – every day – God’s mercies are new.
  9. Great = mighty – more – multiply – plenteous
  10. Faithfulness – security – fidelity – morality – stability – truth
  11. the old hymn – Great is thy faithfulness – is from this verse
  12. Vs 24 – 26 – 29: HOPE
  13. Vs 31: Psalms 94:14
  14. Vs 41 – lifting up the hands without the heart is sheer hypocrisy.
  15. Psalms 86:4
  16. heart = courage
  1. The Fourth Lamentation: Chapter 4
  2. God’s Anger – vs 1-2
  3. Notice the change here
  4. Sin tarnishes the beauty of the most excellent gifts
  5. Gold, tried in the fire – its outward appearance may be dimmed, but its real value can never be changed
  6. The horrors of the siege and destruction of Jerusalem are again described.
  7. The sad consequences of sin in the Nation of Israel
  8. we should seriously consider that the same causes can bring down the  local church in this day and age
  9. Jeremiah laments the effects of the famine: vs 3-10
  10. Vs 3 – the sea monsters = whales – take care of their young
  11. Vs 3 – the Ostriches lay their eggs in the sand and leave them there
  12. Vs 10 – hunger has driven the women of Israel to abandon their young
  13. Jeremiah laments the taking and sacking of Jerusalem – Vs 11-12
  14. Jeremiah acknowledges that the sins of their prophets and priests were the cause of all God’s         anger and judgment upon Israel – Vs 13-16
  1. The Fifth Lamentation – Chapter 5
  2. Jerusalem’s prayer
  3. James 5:13 – when you are afflicted – pray
  4. Vs 2 – the land of Canaan was in the hands of their enemy

Notes: In your darkest days of trials and troubles, when all around us is gloom and your life seems to be falling apart – we ought still to maintain our confidence in God. We should seek his strength and help by humble confession and praying … crying out to God.

We should have sincere repentance and obedience.  If we do this, we may be assured that our present sorrows, and trials etc. will end in joy and gladness; just as God, at the appointed time, forgave and restored the Jews to their own land.

  1. Vs 5: They felt the yoke of bondage – like the bull or the ox that has a yoke upon his neck
  1. Vs 6: They made treaties with their enemies in order to get the basic necessities of life
  2. Vs 9: They could not go into the wilderness to feed their cattle, or to get the necessities of life,     without being harassed and plundered by marauding parties.
  3. This exposed them to the peril of their lives.
  4. This was predicted by Moses – Deut. 28:31
  5. Vs 12: They were suspended from hooks in the wall by their hands until they died through            torture and exhaustion.
  6. The body of Saul was fastened to the wall of Bethshan, probably in the same way;                              but his head had already been taken off.
  7. They were hung in this way that they might be devoured by the fowls of the air.
  8. It was a custom with the Persians after they had slain, strangled, or beheaded their                        enemies, to hang their bodies upon poles
  9. The prophet knows that the Lord can hear and deliver them
  10. Vs 19 – God does not change; he seeks God’s renewed love to Israel
  11. Vs 20 – he realizes that God does not forsake us; a long time may seem so: Heb. 13:5
  12. Vs 21 – make us the way we were before we sinned. Restore our land – our Templ etc.
  13. Vs 22 – We are now greatly humbled, we feel our sin, and see our folly.
  14. once more, restore us, and we shall never again forsake God.
  15. He heard the prayer; and at the end of seventy years they were restored to their own land

Old Testament Survey Jeremiah

Introduction: The Books of Lamentations and Jeremiah were both written by the prophet Jeremiah. He is known as the “weeping prophet.”  Jeremiah 9:1

The author:  The Holy Spirit.  Every prophecy of Jeremiah was from a broken heart to God’s people;                     the Tribe of Judah.

  1. Jeremiah was born into a priestly family: 1:1
  2. He was called before he was born, to be a prophet: 1:5-6
  3. For over 40 years, he was ridiculed, rejected, hated, beaten and plotted against, by the people,                     noblemen and kings.
  4. One king did seek his advice – but was not able to put it to use.
  5. Mostly, his preaching and warnings were rejected by the majority who branded Jeremiah,                                       as a “meddler” and as a “traitor.”

Central Theme of this Book: “I will punish” and “I will restore”

The most famous chapters in this Book are 18 and 19. They record Jeremiah’s visit to the home of the Potter.

Chapter 18 – Jeremiah watches the potter mold the clay

Chapter 19 – he takes the finished vessel and breaks it in the Valley of Hinnom.

In viewing these chapters, we not only see a picture of Judah, but also of ourselves and of our relationship to God.

I. The Potter: 18:1-4

  1. God wanted to control Israel for her own good
  2. Israel was at the mercy of blind fate: ONLY if she made that choice
  3. Reference: Romans 8:28
  4. The potter has a plan for his clay
  5. Notice: the clay BELONGS to the potter
  6. He sees the finished product in his mind – BEFORE he begins and completes it
  7. In the same fashion, God, the Divine Potter directs our lives
  8. He uses circumstances: crises – disasters – parents – teachers – etc. to shape us
  9. It takes time to make a special product and God is never in a hurry

II. The Clay: 18:4-6

  1. In this text: the clay represented Judah
  2. The Biblical application is to each and every one of  our lives
  3. Clay is of little value unless it is molded by the hands of a skilled potter
  4. the same is true of a human life
  5. our lives are of little value unless molded by the hands of the Divine Potter
  6. clay has to be clean and tempered in order to be usable by the potter
  7. we must be tempered by trials – struggles – and the experiences of life                                                                        so that we will yield to the hand of the Potter

III. The Potter’s Wheel: 18:3

  1. God wanted Judah to know some important things
  2. The potter spins the wheel at his own speed and is complete control
  3. God was in control of the circumstances etc. for the tribe of Judah
  4. In the same way – God has a timetable for our lives
  5. God is in control of our lives

IV. The Vessel: 18:4-6

  1. Marred: 18:4
  2. “Corrupt” “spoiled” “wasted”
  3. Jeremiah 18:6: Romans 9:20-23
  4. The vessel made over 18:4
  5. It did not stand in the working; it got out of shape; or some gravel or small stone                                                       having been incorporated with the mass of clay, made a breach in that part where it                                             was found, so that the potter was obliged to knead up the clay afresh, place it on the                                       wheel, and form it anew; and then it was such a vessel as seemed good to the potter to                                    make it.
  6. When we let things into our lives and don’t get rid of them: God may have to                                                     “start over” in working on us
  7. God wants to make us into something special – He wants to mold us into His image:Romans 8:29


Old Testament Survey Isaiah

Introduction: In the Old Testament, we can group the Books into approximately three different categories. Genesis through Esther is history; Job through Song of Solomon is poetry; while Isaiah through Malachi is prophecy.

We are now at the Old Testament writings by the prophets. There are 17 in number and generally divided into 5 Major Prophets and 12 Minor Prophets. They are not called “major” or “minor” prophets because some are more important than others. They are referred to such because of the amount of material in each Book. The Books of poetry were written during the golden age of Israel; the Books of prophecy were written during days of apostasy in Israel.

Definition of a prophet: derived from a verb signifying “to bubble forth” like a fountain; hence the word means one who announces or pours forth the declarations of God. A spokesman; speaker. They were authoritative and influential men of God. They were direct spokesmen of God; they received their messages directly from God and preached them to the people. Therefore, “prophet” means: one who speaks for another. When put in proper context, we will know if that spokesman is speaking for God or for some man or some other deity; Numbers 12:6-8 Deuteronomy 13:1-5 – II Peter 1:21.

Matthew 11:13 – Luke 16:16: Prophets …. until John. “Until” is a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place): (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to. The prophets lasted until the time of John the Baptist. “The law and the prophets were in force until John: from that time the Gospel takes place; and humble upright men receive it with inexpressible earnestness,” John Wesley.

The prophets taught, or continued to instruct.  They were the instructors concerning the Christ who was to come. John the Baptist came and showed that all the predictions of the Messiah, were now about to be fully and finally accomplished; for Christ was now revealed. There was 400 silent years between the closing of the Old Testament Books and the beginnings of the Gospel. John the Baptist is clearly New Testament and NOT an Old Testament prophet. Today, those who call themselves prophets are not “God called” but “self-called.”

Central message of Isaiah: Jehovah is supreme Ruler and the ONLY Saviour.

Author: The Holy Spirit of God  Human writer: The Prophet Isaiah

Chronological Order Of The Prophets: According to Ussher

  1. Prophets Before The Exile
  2. Jonah to Nineveh – 862 B.C.
  3. To the 10 Tribes of Israel
  4. Amos – 787 B.C.
  5. Hosea – 785 – 725 B.C.
  6. Obadiah – 887 B.C.
  7. Joel – 800 B.C.
  8. To Judah
  9. Isaiah – 760 – 698 B.C.
  10. Micah – 750 – 710 B.C.
  11. Nahum – 713 B.C.
  12. Habakkuk 626 B.C.
  13. Zephaniah – 630 B.C.
  14. Jeremiah – 629 – 588 B.C.
  15. Prophets During The Exile
  16. Ezekiel – 595 – 574 B.C.
  17. Daniel – 607 – 534 B.C.

III. Prophets After The Exile

A. Haggai – 520 B.C.

B. Zechariah – 520 – 518 B.C.

C. Malachi – 397 B.C.

IV. The Book Of Isaiah Shows Absolute Proof that Christ Is God

A. Isaiah 19:20; 43:3, 11; 45:15, 21; 49:26, 60:16, 63:8

B. Isaiah 53 is direct and obvious prophecies of Christ

C. There are many New Testament Scriptures that make it obvious that Jesus Christ is the                                                     Saviour; the ONE spoken about by the Prophet Isaiah

1. Luke 1:47; 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 5:31, 13:23; Philippians 3:20; II Timothy 1:10

2. Titus 1:3-4; 2:10-13; 3:4-6; II Peter 1:1,11; 2:20; 3:2,18; I John 4:14

V. The Lowliness Of The Messiah’s Arrival

  1. Isaiah 53:2
  2. He did not come as the Jews expected Him to come
  3. No political deliverance
  4. no great ceremony befitting a King
  5. born to a carpenter’s family
  6. born to a family of Northern Galilee; a place and family from which nothing was expected
  7. a “root out of dry ground” Isaiah 53:2 – Romans 15:12
  8. dry ground – where no one would expect it to grow – before unbelieving Jews
  9. root – Vs 1 – “the arm of the Lord is revealed.                                                                                                                     (1) the same Hebrew for the above is used in Genesis 3:15 – Christ is the seed                                                         (2) roots have no beauty in them                                                                                                                                         (3) the root is that of a decayed tree springing up into a new tree – Isaiah 11:1                                                       “tender plant” – “a suckling” Job 14:7 – a young shoot springing up from old stock
  10. No form or comeliness – beauty
  11. magnificence, ornament or splendor: beauty, excellency, glorious, glory, goodly, honor,                                    majesty.
  12. the beauty of Christ was moral; holiness; love etc.
  13. this is an inward beauty and not outward.

VI. He Suffered For Us

  1. Isaiah 53:4-5 “… He was wounded for our transgressions.” I Peter 2:24
  2. He took in our place; our sufferings, it was God’s will I John 4:10
  3. He was / is guiltless = sinless: Isaiah 53:9; I Peter 2:22; Luke 23:1-22
  4. He made His grave with the wicked – Isaiah 53:9
  5. He was crucified between two thieves – Matthew 27:38
  6. “with the rich …”  Joseph of Arimathea – Matthew 27:57-60 and Nicodemus – John 19:38-42
  7. He was made an offering for sin – Isaiah 53:10
  8. Isaiah 53:12 – He was numbered with the transgressors’ – Matthew 27:38 – two thieves
  9. He bare the sins of many – Isaiah 53:12 – Matt. 26:28 – Hebrews 9:28
  10. He made intercession for the transgressors – Romans 8:34 – Hebrews 7:25                                                              a. He constantly presents the merits of his death as a reason why we should be saved.                                            b. The precise mode, however, in which he makes intercession in heaven for his people is not                                     revealed. The general meaning is, that he undertakes their cause, and assists them in                                               overcoming their foes and in their endeavors to live a holy life. (Barnes)                                                                c. I John 2:1 – an advocate – one who has undertaken, and is fully able, to plead in behalf                                              of  every one who applies for pardon and salvation in his name, depending on his                                                      pleading for them. (Matthew Henry)