Old Testament Survey I & II Chronicles

Introduction: In the Hebrew Bible, the Books of I and II Chronicles are called “The Affairs of the Days.”  They are a Chronicle which arranges, in order, the events from the time of Adam to Nehemiah. Basically, both I and II Chronicles deal with the same happenings as recorded in I and II Samuel and the both Books of Kings.

These Books give us the genealogies of Israel and the events of the Southern Kingdom (Judah.), to the time of the Babylonian captivity. I and II Chronicles are one Book in the Jewish Canon of Scriptures and were most likely written during the time when Israel was held captive by Babylon.

Why Genealogies? They preserve the racial purity of Israel – the priesthood – and worship. We find these Books dealing mostly with Judah and the City of Jerusalem, due to the fact that this was the kingdom and the city where the Temple was constructed.

It is also important to note: – as we studied in Genesis – man and this earth are not billions nor millions of years old. Approximately 4,000 – 5,000 years have gone by from the time of Adam till the time of Christ. From Christ until this day – approximately 2,000 have past. This puts the earth and man at approximately 6,000 years old.

What about the time span to make the Grand Canyon and other such wonders of this world? Didn’t they take millions of years to be formed? Answer: No. God created Adam and Eve as adults – not as babies. He created the Garden of Eden as a garden with grown trees – animals etc.

Certainly God could have – and did – create the Grand Canyon etc. in their mature state – not taking millions of years etc. as the evolutionists would have us believe.

Author:  The Holy Spirit: Ezra is believed to be the human writer. The closing verses of II Chronicles are repeated in the opening verses of the Book of Ezra.

Purpose: These two Books were written to restore hope and proper order to the Jews returning from Babylonian exile. David is gone – no longer King. The Temple is burned.

Ezra gave emphasis to the fact that the Davidic line was still with them – this gave them the hope

of the Messiah to come. Hope that the Kingdom would one day be restored eternally and centered at the City of Jerusalem.  Ezra also emphasizes their past, which led them to their dispersion because of their own apostasy.

The Temple would be rebuilt first – not David’s throne – not the City – not any secular symbol. The Temple would be a Divine symbol to reassure the Jews and show the world that God had given the Nation of Israel special promises that He will fulfill. This story serves both as an encouragement and as a warning.

Divisions of I Chronicles: I. Genealogies – chaps. 1-10  II. The Reign of David – chaps 11-29

  1. Genealogies – chaps. 1-10
  2. Chapter 1 – Adam to Jacob

This gives the place of Israel in world history.

Focus is given to the line of Jacob – but includes line of Esau

The divine choice of Israel is in view here.

  1. Chapter 2 – Jacob to David

The chosen line of Jacob (Israel) to King David – the greatest King of Israel.

It includes the line of Caleb

  1. Chapter 3 – The sons of David

Included here is the post – exile – showing that the chosen line of David still existed and

was unbroken

  1. Chapter 4-8 – Genealogies of the tribes of Israel

A review of this and their allotments in the Land

  1. Chapter 9 – Post-exile resettlement
  1. The Reign of David – chaps 11-29
  2. Anointed By God – chaps. 10-12
  3. The Ark of the Lord – chaps. 13-16
  4. God’s Covenant with David – chaps. 17-21 – note 17:7-15
  5. Preparations for the Temple – Service of the Temple – Levites – Priests – Singers and Porters

II Chronicles

Divisions of I Chronicles: I. Solomon and the Temple chaps. 1-9, II. Kingdom of Judah – 10-36

  1. Solomon and the Temple
  2. Solomon – chap. 1
  3. Construction of the Temple – chaps. 2-7
  4. Fame of Solomon – chap. 8
  5. Solomon and Queen of Sheba – chap. 9
  1. Kingdom of Judah
  2. The Kingdom is divided into Judah and Israel – chap. 10
  3. Judah’s twenty Kings – chap. 11- 36:13
  4. Judah’s exile to Babylon – chap. 36:14-21
  5. Decree – 36:22-23 found in Ezra – the connection

Old Testament Survey Book of II Kings

Introduction:  I & II Kings record the reign of Solomon and then the succeeding Kings of Israel and Judah. They cover a time period of 400 years and tell us of the growth and decay of the kingdoms.

Central message: Willful sin brings a sad end

Central theme: The sin, fall and sending into captivity of both, Israel and Judah.                                                          In this book, we will focus on two events that I believe would be most helpful to us in the realm of faith.

  1. Widow’s Oil – II Kings 4
  2. The widow asks for help – vs 1
  3. vs 2 – she was down to a pot of oil = she was broke
  4. we can justify in our own minds: I want to serve the Lord, but I have nothing to give
  5. Go borrow = action. This was a plan to succeed NOT a plan to fail – vs 3 – not a few
  6. vs 4-5 – Elisha give her instructions. These were Godly instructions from the man of God She followed them = obeyed
  7. Vs 6 – The widow gave her all – by faith obeyed
  8. Full – God’s man took the pot of oil (singular vs 2)
  9. Filled the vessels (plural)
  10. Vs 7 – God’s man gives further instructions
  11. Go sell = again action, obedience
  12. sell the oil and pay the debt

Summary: Sometimes it may not make sense, but we are to obey even if we don’t understand it.

How could you take a pot of oil and fill several containers with it?

Giving your all, when you have next to nothing, defies all common sense. But God requires of us and we are to trust and to obey and let Him supply our need.

Trust in the Word of God – let God supply to you – something that you do not have – in order to meet your needs.

Give what you have to God – let Him multiply it and use it for His praise, honor and glory.

What if the widow had been selfish and kept the last pot of oil? She would have lost her two sons to slavery (bondsman).

What does God want from you? Answer … YOU. II Corinthians 8:2-5

You may not have much to offer – but God is waiting for YOU to give Him YOU.

  1. The Healing Of Naaman – II Kings 5
  2. Vs 1 – A great man – man of valour – a leper
  3. the Lord had used him to deliver Syria from their enemy
  4. being a leper shows that he had a need
  5. shows that he could not, himself, do anything about it.
  6. we all have needs everyday in life
  7. God can meet your needs
  8. Vs 6- 9: By Faith – the King of Syria sent Naaman to be healed – to get his needs met
  9. Vs 10 – Elisha, God’s prophet, told Naaman how to get his needs met
  10. Vs 11 – Naaman was wroth – Hebrew – he burst out in a rage
  11. sometimes folks get mad at the man of God – the pastor – when he gives you Godly                                         advice and direction  from the Word of God
  1. Naaman had sinful pride – “Behold I thought …”
  2. Naaman wanted to hear  what he  wanted to hear
  3. Vs 12 – Naaman wanted it his way and when he didn’t get it his way – he got mad
  4. Vs 13 – We want to do something great – but get mad when it doesn’t happen
  5. if he told you something great – you would have done it. So why not do this thing?
  6. Proverbs 12:15
  7. Proverbs 14:12 & 16:25
  8. Vs 14 – And he was clean –
  9. God’s Word is true
  10. Obedience brings blessings
  11. God has chosen the foolish things to confound the wise
  12. Your way isn’t always right
  13. God’s ways are always right
  14. God’s man should be listened to

Conclusion: Always apply the Word of God to your own heart and not to someone else’s.

Listen – obey – trust.  Don’t get mad at the preacher or at God when you get advice you don’t like. By faith – believe – obey – trust.

By faith – we receive salvation

By faith – be obedient in ALL things

By faith – be baptized

By faith – tithe to your church

By faith – give to missions

By faith – share Christ with others – be a witness – win souls