FAITH – HOPE – FORGIVENESS by Growing Older


Old Testament Survey I Kings

 

Introduction: Originally, I and II Samuel were called I and II Kings while I and II Kings were commonly called II and IV Kings. I Kings records the death of David and the reign of  Solomon. Then we have the building of Solomon’s Temple and his death.  Solomon becomes king – we find the divided kingdom  and the ministry of Elijah.

Author: The Holy Spirit

Human Writer: According  to Jewish tradition (Talmud, Baba Bathra, f 15.1) Jeremiah is the human writer.

Purpose: To give the history of the kings of the nation in relation to God rather than relation to their subjects or other nations.

Central message: Disobedience brought division. Because of Solomon’s disobedience, God promised that the kingdom would be divided after Solomon’s  reign – I Kings 11:11.

Division of  I Kings:  1. The Reign Of Solomon  1-11  2. The Kingdom   Divided  12-22

  1. The Reign Of Solomon Chaps. 1-11
  2. Solomon ascends to the throne  chap. 1
  3. vs 1 – David is “striken in years”
  4. vs 5 – Adonijah exalts himself to be king   vs 18 – David didn’t know about this
  5. vs 39 – Zadok, the priest, anoints Solomon, David’s son, king
  6. David’s charge to Solomon – chap. 2:1-11
  7. vs 2 – “show thyself a man” — good advice from a father to his son
  8. vs 3 – obey God
  9. vs 10-11 – David dies
  10. Solomon gets rid of his enemies
  11. vs 24 – Adonijah put to death .. Solomon’s elder brother  vs 22
  12. vs 33-34 – Joab put to death
  13. vs 42 & 46 – death of Shimei
  14. Solomon is blessed – vs 45
  15. Solomon receives wisdom and wealth – chaps. 3-4
  16. vs 5-14 – Solomon ask for wisdom
  17. God gives him what he didn’t ask for – vs 13
  18. the source of Solomon’s wisdom can be ours today – Matthew 7:7 – James 1:5
  19. Solomon’s Temple  is being built – chaps. 5-9
  20. this is the first Temple at Jerusalem
  21. If you know Christ as Saviour – the Temple of God is  within you  I Corinthians 3:16
  22. God warns Solomon about defiling the Temple – I Kings 9:3-9 note vs 6
  23. God warns Christians  about defiling the Temple – I Corinthians 3:17
  24. fyeirw phtheiro,  fthi’-ro  is the  same  word for defile and also for destroy
  25. to pine or waste; properly, to shrivel or wither, to spoil (by any process) or (generally)                                     to ruin (especially figuratively, by moral influences, to deprave):–corrupt (self), defile,                           destroy.
  26. the word “Temple” means “shrine.”
  1. Solomon and the Queen of Sheba – chap. 10
  2. Solomon’s falls into sin – chap. 11
  3. vs 1 – he is immoral
  4. vs 4 – his wives turn to other gods – his heart is not right with God
  5. Solomon falls into sin of idolatry – vs 5-8
  6. polygamy was forbidden, especially for rulers – it is forbidden today
  7. Deuteronomy 17:17: I Timothy 3:2
  8. marrying outside of God’s  people  is forbidden by God: Deuteronomy 7:3                                                             I Cor. 6:14-18 – II Corinthians 6:14
  9. I Kings 11:9 – God was  angry  with Solomon
  10. vs 14 & 23 – God sent someone to be Solomon’s adversary = opponent
  11. Jeroboam vs 26- 40
  12. vs 28: a man of valor
  13. vs 40: Solomon wants to kill Jeroboam
  14. vs 41-43: Death of Solomon

The second section covers the first 80 years of the Divided Kingdom. It was divided with the ten (10) tribes of Israel to the North and the  two (2) tribes of the  kingdom of Judah, to the South.

  1. The Kingdom Divided chaps. 12-22
  2. Idolatry in Israel – the Kingdom to the North
  3. 12:26 – Jeroboam – in his heart – knew what was right
  4. 12:27 – sinful pride – he was selfish
  5. 12:28 – 31 – makes 2 golden calves for them to worship
  6. 14:15-16 – Israel is scattered because of the sin of their king – Jeroboam
  7. Idolatry in Judah – chap. 13
  8. vs 22 – Judah sinned more than their fore fathers
  9. vs 23 – they worshipped false gods
  10. sin of sodomy

NOTE: After the kingdom  was divided – the  8 kings of Israel and the first 5 kings of Judah, were evil with the exception of Asa and Jehoshaphat – two kings of Judah.

  1. Elijah’s ministry begins – I Kings chaps. 17-22
  2. He is a man of faith and walked close to God – 17:4 – 17:8-16
  3. He had the power of God upon him – 18:17-24; 18:36-41 & 46
  4. Elijah is also very human – chap. 19
  5. he gets discouraged and depressed 19:4-5
  6. he has a pity party 19:10 & 14
  7. God doesn’t give up on Elijah 19:5 & 7 and 15-18
  8. God is an ever present God – I Kings 20:23, 28
  9. The fate of Jezebel  21:23