FAITH – HOPE – FORGIVENESS by Growing Older


The Book of Ruth Chapters 3 & 4

Ruth Chapter #3

Introduction: We can look at Ruth as the Gentile Bride of Christ. Ruth is a Gentile who marries a Hebrew and symbolically brings all non-Jews (gentiles) into the lineage of Messiah. This means that the Gospel is for all people.

We can look at her life as a type of a Christian with decisions to make. She makes decisions about serving the Lord; finding rest in the Lord and being rewarded by the Lord.

This is a wonderful story of the grace of God.

Vs 1: Ruth finds rest:

Spiritually = full, abiding, present, eternal rest in the Lord.

Earthly = a place to settle down & live, a home.

The correlation: just like we want & need a place called home, here on this earth, God offers a place in              heaven for all who believe & receive Christ.

Vs 2-7: Ruth decided to be with God’s people and to accept the God of the Hebrew peoples.

  1. Is it just enough to be saved by Christ, & that’s all?
  2. Believers receive the full enjoyment of Christ’s abiding rest.
  3. There is no real rest with the unsaved crowd.
  4. Remember, Boaz is a type of Christ
  5. Vs 4; Ruth comes to him by faith.
  6. Vs 5; she humbles herself before Boaz and surrenders to his will.
  7. In like fashion, Christians are to come to Christ, humble self before Him, and surrender to do HIS will.
  8. Vs 6-7; Ruth follows through, she takes action; obeys.

Vs 8-11: He sees Ruth, vs 8

  1. Vs 9; “spread thy skirt …”
  2. This means: to spread a skirt over one, in the East, symbolical action denoting protection.
  3. Ruth wants Boaz to protect her.
  4. To this day in many parts of the East, to say of anyone that: he put his skirt over a woman, is synonymous with saying that he married her; and at all the marriages of the modern Jews and Hindus, one part of the ceremony is for the bridegroom to put a silken or cotton cloak around his bride.

Vs 10-11: Boaz takes Ruth as his bride: (the price he paid is not mentioned).

  1. Jesus purchased all who are saved and made us His bride.
  2. The bride is to prepare for the wedding day.
  3. Saved people are to prepare for the day when we stand before Christ.

Vs 11: Ruth was known by what she did not do as well as what she did do.

  1. Ruth did the right thing, she behaved herself.
  2. Christians need to do the right thing: have a good Christian testimony.
  3. Boaz: “I will do …. all … thou requirest.”
  4. This means he will take her to be his bride.

The rest of the chapter deals with O.T. Law: Deuteronomy 25:5-10

This is symbolic: the Law cannot save.  The Law condemns, it cannot save a soul.

Ruth Chapter # 4

 Introduction: Recap, we find the following brief outline of the Book of Ruth.

  1. Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
  2. Her response, serving: chap. 2
  3. Her request: chap. 3
  4. Her reward: chap. 4

Remember, Boaz is a type of Christ.

Vs 1-5: Boaz asks the kinsman to buy or to redeem the land from Naomi &, vs 5, Ruth.

  1. Colossians 1:14 & Ephesians 1:7
  2. Our salvation cost something.
  3. It was bought & paid for by the life & death; shed blood of  Jesus Christ.
  4. Jesus redeemed us.
  5. He bought & paid for you; He paid your sin debt in full: I Corinthians 6:19-20.

Vs 6: The kinsman = the Law, said that he could not redeem Naomi & Ruth.

Acts 13:39;  Romans 8:3

Vs 7-8: “… man plucked off his shoe …”

This was a testimony; that the man who gave the shoe transferred his right to the one who received it.

This was according to God’s Law: Dueteronomy 25:7-9

Vs 9: The elders were witnesses to this action.

Vs 10: Boaz purchased Ruth to be his bride.

  1. Acts 20:28
  2. Ephesians 1:7
  3. Redemption = to pay a ransom in full.
  4. Revelation 21:9 & 19:7

Vs 11-12: Ruth turned her back on Moab & its gods.

  1. She turned to the God of Israel & became a child of God.
  2. This is a typology of a gentile bride who becomes a child of God, by redemption.

Vs 13: Ruth marries Boaz and has his child.

  1. Ephesians 3:6
  2. Romans 10:13

Vs 14-22: We find, from the marriage of Boaz to Ruth, a line to David who becomes King over Israel.

This is prophecy being fulfilled: Luke 1:27 & Matthew 1:17

 

Conclusion: The Book of Ruth is a wonderful example of the grace of God and that the Law cannot save.

Romans 8:3 tells us that the Law is weak in the matter saving a soul.

Romans 5:17-21 show us how much grace there is.

John 3:18 shows us the one sin that condemns a person to an eternity in hell.

That sin is the sin of rejecting Christ as Saviour.

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The Book of Ruth – FIRST 2 Chapters

Introduction: The Book of Ruth is one of two Books of the Bible that has the name of a woman: Esther is the other one. Ruth is about a kind woman; a Moabite, Gentile, that marries a Hebrew. This story takes place during the Judges. The timeline for Ruth is about the time of Judges chapter 3 and 4.

Ruth is the widow of Mahlon, the son of Elimelech Naomi.

What does Ruth represent? Ruth 4:17 & 22: she symbolically brings all non Jews (gentiles) into the line of Messiah.   Matthew 1:5. This means that the Gospel is for ALL people, not just a certain group of people.

CENTRAL  MESSAGE: The Kinsman Redeemer

Divisions of the Book of Ruth

  1. Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
  2. Her response, serving: chap. 2
  3. Her request: chap. 3
  4. Her reward: chap. 4

The reward of love: Ruth received a reward for her Godly love towards her mother in law. The reward was the kinsman redeemer; Boaz. Boaz is a picture or a type of Christ, our kinsman redeemer.

I.Requirement Of The Kinsman Redeemer

A. He MUST be willing: Lev. 25:25, Galatians 4:4-5

B. He MUST have the RIGHT to redeem: Lev. 25:48-49

C. He MUST have the POWER to redeem: Ruth 4:4-6, John 10:15-18.

II. Application To Christ

A. The unnamed kinsman: Ruth 4:6 represents the Law.

The Law is just and right but shows no love nor mercy.

B.The kinsman redeemer represents Christ, the expression of God’s love and mercy.

Gal. 3:13-14; Gal. 4:4-5

C. Christ was the only one willing and had the right and power to redeem us; both Jews and Gentiles.

Chapter 1

I. Decisions have to be made. In your life & mine, we each have decisions to make.

A. Decisions should be made after searching the Word of God and much prayer.

B. The important thing is to find God’s perfect will for each of our lives.

II. Elimelech was married to Naomi, Vs 2.

A. They had 2 sons & 2 daughter’s in law.

B. Vs 3 Elimelech dies leaving his wife without a means of support.

C. Vs 5: The 2 sons also die.

D. Vs 5-7, Naomi decides to return to Moab

E. Vs 8-9, Naomi decides her 2 daughter’s in law should go home.

     1. In Moab, as well as in Israel, widows were to dwell with their parents.

2. The women, in Moab, also had apartments distinct from the men, where the daughters lived with their                   mothers, and the sons lived with their fathers.

F. Vs 9, they wanted to stay with Naomi.

G. Vs 11-13, Naomi reasons with them.

      1. She has no more sons.

2. She is to old to have any more sons.

3. Even if she could, these women would not wait for them to be old enough to marry.                                                 4. In other words, Naomi basically tells them not to waste their time or their years on her.

H. Vs 14: Ruth & Orpah have made their decisions.                                                                                                               Orpah chose the way of false gods.

I. Vs 15, 16, 17: Ruth chose to stay with Naomi.

J. Vs 18-19: It caused a stir when Naomi arrived.

  1. She was well known & well liked by the people there.

2. Naomi had been gone for about 10 years.

3. When she now comes home, she is changed or different than when she left.

K. Vs 20: Call me not Naomi, call me Mara.

  1. Naomi means pleasant.

2. Mara means bitter, sorrowful, grief & pain.

3. She had lost her husband and her two sons in a strange land.

4. Naomi went from a woman who was well provided for and had plenty, to a woman who                                               now has no material wealth at all.

L. Vs 21: She went out full: husband, 2 sons, property, etc.

  1. Now she is empty = lost it all, death & cost of living.

2. God brought her back home.

3. There is a reason why God brought Naomi back home.

4. Naomi is a chastened believer; she blames God for her losses.

M. Vs 22: Beginning of barley harvest = beginning of spring.

  1. The barley harvest began immediately after the Passover which corresponds nearly with                               the end of our March.

2. God’s plan for Ruth & Naomi is unfolding

Ruth Chapter 2 Ruth Serving:

Vs 1: We see God at work.

  1. Naomi has a kinsman or a relative of her husband.
  2. His name was Boaz.

Vs 2: Ruth  humbles herself.

  1. They go to glean the corn fields.
  2. Ruth looks for grace from the owner of the fields.

Vs 3: The right of gleaning was conferred by God’s Law on the widow, the poor,

and the stranger: Leviticus 19:9 & Deuteronomy  24:19.

  1. The liberty to glean behind the reapers was not a right that could be claimed;
  2. It was a privilege granted or refused according to the good will or favor of the owner.

3. This part of the field belonged to Boaz, a relative of Naomi.

Vs 4-6: Boaz arrives on the scene.

  1. Who is this young girl?
  2. He wants to know who is in his fields.
  3. They answer: she came with Naomi.

Vs 7: Ruth pleads with Boaz to let her continue gleaning.

  1. Ruth to a break with the farm hands.
  2. She, basically, is working with the farm hands.

Vs 8-10: He tells Ruth to only glean in his fields.

  1. Boaz is protecting her = grace.
  2. Vs 9: again, grace. Ruth, a gleaner, can drink form the vessels provided for to his workers.

3. Ruth, again, humbles herself: fell on her face.

4. Ruth tells him, she doesn’t deserve such wonderful treatment; she is a stranger.                                                             Matthew 25:35: grace, mercy, compassion.

Vs 11-12: Ruth was rewarded for her kindness & compassion to her mother in law.

  1. Vs 12, a full reward is given to Ruth.
  2. II Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7-8
  3. Wings = protection and care.
  4. Referring to hens which protect and cherish their young ones under their wings.

Vs 13-19: These verses are filled with grace.

  1. Boaz allows Ruth to get more than she hoped for.

2. Romans 5:20: God gives us more than we deserve.



Old Testament Survey Book of II Kings

Introduction:  I & II Kings record the reign of Solomon and then the succeeding Kings of Israel and Judah. They cover a time period of 400 years and tell us of the growth and decay of the kingdoms.

Central message: Willful sin brings a sad end

Central theme: The sin, fall and sending into captivity of both, Israel and Judah.                                                          In this book, we will focus on two events that I believe would be most helpful to us in the realm of faith.

  1. Widow’s Oil – II Kings 4
  2. The widow asks for help – vs 1
  3. vs 2 – she was down to a pot of oil = she was broke
  4. we can justify in our own minds: I want to serve the Lord, but I have nothing to give
  5. Go borrow = action. This was a plan to succeed NOT a plan to fail – vs 3 – not a few
  6. vs 4-5 – Elisha give her instructions. These were Godly instructions from the man of God She followed them = obeyed
  7. Vs 6 – The widow gave her all – by faith obeyed
  8. Full – God’s man took the pot of oil (singular vs 2)
  9. Filled the vessels (plural)
  10. Vs 7 – God’s man gives further instructions
  11. Go sell = again action, obedience
  12. sell the oil and pay the debt

Summary: Sometimes it may not make sense, but we are to obey even if we don’t understand it.

How could you take a pot of oil and fill several containers with it?

Giving your all, when you have next to nothing, defies all common sense. But God requires of us and we are to trust and to obey and let Him supply our need.

Trust in the Word of God – let God supply to you – something that you do not have – in order to meet your needs.

Give what you have to God – let Him multiply it and use it for His praise, honor and glory.

What if the widow had been selfish and kept the last pot of oil? She would have lost her two sons to slavery (bondsman).

What does God want from you? Answer … YOU. II Corinthians 8:2-5

You may not have much to offer – but God is waiting for YOU to give Him YOU.

  1. The Healing Of Naaman – II Kings 5
  2. Vs 1 – A great man – man of valour – a leper
  3. the Lord had used him to deliver Syria from their enemy
  4. being a leper shows that he had a need
  5. shows that he could not, himself, do anything about it.
  6. we all have needs everyday in life
  7. God can meet your needs
  8. Vs 6- 9: By Faith – the King of Syria sent Naaman to be healed – to get his needs met
  9. Vs 10 – Elisha, God’s prophet, told Naaman how to get his needs met
  10. Vs 11 – Naaman was wroth – Hebrew – he burst out in a rage
  11. sometimes folks get mad at the man of God – the pastor – when he gives you Godly                                         advice and direction  from the Word of God
  1. Naaman had sinful pride – “Behold I thought …”
  2. Naaman wanted to hear  what he  wanted to hear
  3. Vs 12 – Naaman wanted it his way and when he didn’t get it his way – he got mad
  4. Vs 13 – We want to do something great – but get mad when it doesn’t happen
  5. if he told you something great – you would have done it. So why not do this thing?
  6. Proverbs 12:15
  7. Proverbs 14:12 & 16:25
  8. Vs 14 – And he was clean –
  9. God’s Word is true
  10. Obedience brings blessings
  11. God has chosen the foolish things to confound the wise
  12. Your way isn’t always right
  13. God’s ways are always right
  14. God’s man should be listened to

Conclusion: Always apply the Word of God to your own heart and not to someone else’s.

Listen – obey – trust.  Don’t get mad at the preacher or at God when you get advice you don’t like. By faith – believe – obey – trust.

By faith – we receive salvation

By faith – be obedient in ALL things

By faith – be baptized

By faith – tithe to your church

By faith – give to missions

By faith – share Christ with others – be a witness – win souls



Old Testament Survey The Book Of Ruth

Introduction: The Book of Ruth is one of two Books of the Bible that has the name of a woman: Esther is the other one. Ruth is about a kind woman; a a Moabite, Gentile, that marries a Hebrew. This story takes place during the Judges. The timeline for Ruth is about the time of Judges chapter 3 and 4.
Ruth is the widow of Mahlon, the son of Elimelech Naomi.

What does Ruth represent? Ruth 4:17 & 22 – she symbolically brings all non Jews (gentiles) into the line of Messiah – Matthew 1:5. This means that the Gospel is for ALL people, not just a certain group of people.

CENTRAL MESSAGE: The Kinsman Redeemer
Divisions of the Book of Ruth
A. Choice – chap. 1

B. Response – chap. 2

C. Request – chap. 3

D. Reward – chap. 4

The reward of love: Ruth received a reward for her Godly love towards her mother in law. The reward was the kinsman redeemer: Boaz whois a picture or a type of Christ, our kinsman redeemer.

I. Requirement Of The Kinsman Redeemer
A. He MUST be willing; Lev. 25:25 – Galatians 4:4-5
B. He MUST have the RIGHT to redeem; Lev. 25:48-49
C. He MUST have the POWER to redeem; Ruth 4:4-6 – John 10:15-18

II. Application To Christ
A. The unnamed kinsman; Ruth 4:6 represents the Law – it is just and right but shows no
love nor mercy
B. The kinsman redeemer represents Christ – the expression of God’s love and mercy
Gal. 3:13-14 – Gal. 4:4-5
C. Christ was the only one willing and had the right and power to redeem us – both Jews and
Gentiles