Old Testament Survey The Book of Proverbs


Introduction:  Date of this Book

-Year from the Creation, 3004.

-Year before the birth of Christ, 996.

-Year before the vulgar era of Christ’s nativity, 1000.

-Year since the Deluge, according to Archbishop Usher and the

English Bible, 1348.

-Year from the destruction of Troy, 185.

-Year before the first Olympiad, 224.

-Year before the building of Rome, 247.


The Word PROVERB means: in some original sense of superiority in mental action; properly, a pithy maxim, usually of metaphorical nature; hence, a simile (as an adage, poem, discourse):– byword, like, parable, proverb.  An easier definition would be: “A lot of truth in a short sentence.”

Human Writer: The bulk of the Book of Proverbs was written by Solomon (so were Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon).

In the Bible, (up to Song of Solomon,) most of the Books were written by men of some status in this world. After Song of Solomon, most of the Books were written by the common man.

The job of the giving of the Law was given to men of esteem and might. The job of evangelizing the world is generally done by the common man; the weak and the lowly; I Corinthians 1:26-27.

The human writers, so far, were Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David and Solomon. Later, we will read Books written by: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Joel, Amos etc. In the New Testament: common men – fishermen. There are exceptions; Luke the physician, but they are very few and far between.

The Apostle Paul writes: “not many wise men ….”

A Book of Practical Wisdom

The Psalms are a great help to our devotional life while the Proverbs have been referred to as: “Laws from heaven for a life here on earth.”

Central message: The practical wisdom of God

Six basic divisions in the Book of proverbs

  1. Instructions to sons: chap. 1-7 2. Praise and wisdom: chap. 8-9 3. The folly of sin and wickedness: chap. 10-19 4. Warnings and instructions: chap. 20-29 5. The words of Agur
  2. 6. The words of King Lemuel.

The Structure Of A Proverb

There are three main types of Proverbs

  1. Contrastive: This is the most common type; it is known by the striking contrast of the two members joined commonly by the word “but. “ Chapters 10-15 are predominately of this type.

Proverbs 10:27 is an example of this.

  1. Completive: Here, the second “member” agrees with the first and carries that idea or thought to completeness. The word “AND” is the common connector. Proverbs 16:3 is a good example of this.
  1. Comparative: Here we find a striking comparison between the two thoughts, ideas or members. The word “THAN” is a common connector between them. A good example of this type Proverb would be Proverbs 15:16.

How To Read The Proverbs

The Proverbs are meant to be read with thought and not to rush your way through them. Read a few Proverbs and then think on what you have read and consider the truths that you have just read.  Let them sink into your mind and soul   Let’s look at a few Proverbs and see the Truths contained in them.

Proverbs 1:7 – When we begin to fear God – we will begin to learn.  Fear is “moral reverence”

Proverbs 1:10 – Don’t fall victim to those who will tempt you to do wrong.

Entice means to “lure.”

Proverbs 3:5-7 – TRUST – Faith in the New Testament – faith is to believe.

Trust means take refuge in – lean on – roll on – to stay upon

The word TRUST is found 152 times in the Old Testament

Proverbs 4:18-19 – Are you walking down His path of Heavenly knowledge and love?

Are you growing in it?

Proverbs 6:16-20 – Tells us what God hates. We ought to hate what God hates and Chapter 8:13 also tells us that very same thing.

Proverbs 9:9 and 10:8 tells us about the giving and receiving of instruction.

Proverbs 13:20 – Be careful who we associate with. Just as a tree frog or a chameleon acquires the color of what it adheres to for a short time, in the same way, man is influenced by those who you associate with.

Proverbs 15:32 – learn to take constructive criticism and use it to improve your life for the Lord.

Proverbs 17:22 & 15:15 – Remember Readers Digest “Laughter is the best medicine?”

Learn to laugh: even at yourself.


Proverbs 18:24 – The way to make friends  is to be one.. Take the initiative, go and talk to folks.

Proverbs 21:19 – Much to be said about making the little woman happy.

Proverbs 22:1-3 – Great instructions

Proverbs 23:1-7 – Godly council of who to avoid – our heart – our desires

Proverbs 23:29-33 – A warning against fermented beverages

Proverbs 24:17-19 – Instructions to us about our enemies

Proverbs  27:1 – None of us are guaranteed of another today

Proverbs  28:9 – It pays to listen to the Word of God

Proverbs 31:10-31 – The Virtuous woman

Proverbs 1:5-7: Receiving God’s Word

  1. Brings wisdom and knowledge
  2. Fear – reverential trust with a hatred of evil – Proverbs 8:13
  3. Fear is the beginning of wisdom – Proverbs 9:10 – 10:8 – 13:1
  4. hatred of evil – Proverbs 1:10 – Ephesians 5:11

Brings Instruction – Proverbs 9:9

  1. Not to turn away – Proverbs 28:9 & 14
  2. To confess sin – Proverbs 28:13
  3. To those who reject instruction – Proverbs 12:15 – 13:20 – 13:18

Of God

  1. It’s our spiritual food
  2. for strength
  3. to grow in grace
  4. to learn
  5. May we ever read and study and hold dear the precious Word of God.

Old Testament Survey Book of Psalms

The Book Of Psalms

Introduction: The Psalms were the inspired prayer and praise Book of the Nation of Israel. The are revelations of Truth: not abstractly, but in terms of human experience. All of the chapters of these Psalms were set to music to worship God.

They are expressions of man’s feelings: from joy to sorrow; from happiness to depression and perplexity. They show the feelings that can arise from about every type of human experience; not just from a few thousand years ago. They can be applied to every time period; to every life and every situation.

The Book of Psalms provides for our emotions and feelings guidance – the same kind of guidance as the rest of the Bible provides for our faith and our actions. Hebrew poetry is vastly different from the poetry of our day and age.

The title “Psalms” comes from the Septuagint and it means “Songs to the accomplishment of a stringed instrument.”  Psalms means: “all metrical compositions fitted to be sung.”  There is a spiritual message in the Book of Psalms. Many times over, we see where distress and “feeling low” turns to singing and praise because the Psalmist turned to God in prayer.

The promises of the Psalms are primarily Jewish and are suited to a people under the Law. There are also spiritually true in Christian experience also, in the sense that they disclose the mind of God and the exercises of His heart toward those who are perplexed, afflicted or cast down.

Author: The Holy Spirit – I Peter 1:21

Human writers: David – Asaph – Solomon – Moses – Jehoshapat – Hezekiah – Ezra – Heman – Ethan; most were written by David.

Great Themes of this Book: are: Christ – Jehovah – the Law – Creation – future of Israel – and the exercises of a renewed heart.

For the purpose of this study, we will look at some Biblical principles as well as some selected passages and selected Psalms.

  1. Selected Passages
  2. The Words of the Lord – Psalms 12:6
  3. Only God can forgive your sin – Psalm 32:1-2 & 5
  4. vs 5 – we must acknowledge and confess
  5. then – God forgives – vs 1 & 5
  6. Psalms 34:8 – taste and see …
  7. Jesus is the “Bread of Life” He is the “Living Water”
  8. We must come to Him and receive Him as our own personal Saviour.
  9. I Peter 2:3 – taste, here, means to experience
  10. tasting, as used in this passage , is a figurative word
  11. Other passages: Psalms 34:1-3 – Psalms 51:1-4 – Psalms 55:17 – Psalms 88:1-3
  12. Psalms 91:2 and 92:1 – Psalms 100:3-5 – Psalms 103:1-4 – Psalms 118:8 – 119:9-11, 18,                           33-40 – Psalms 119:89, 97, 103, 111, 127, 140, 160

Old Testament Survey Book Of Leveticus

The Book Of Leviticus

Introduction: This is the third Book Of Moses; the third Book of the Law. The “Key Word” of this Book is HOLINESS. This word occurs 87 times in this Book.;  the “Key Verse” is Leviticus 19:2.

This Book deals with:

1. The offerings

2. The Law of the offerings

3. Consecration

4. A  warning example

5. A Holy God requires a clean, Holy people
6. Atonement

7. Relationships of God’s people

8. Feasts of  Jehovah

The Book of Exodus covers a time period of about   216 years while Leviticus covers a time period of a year or less.  In Exodus, God speaks from the Mount to Moses;  the Children of Israel were forbidden to go there. In Leviticus, God speaks from the Tabernacle where He dwells in the midst of His people, Israel.

The Offerings

Lev. 1:1-2
the offering was to come to God’s House – here, the Tabernacle
Moses is instructed by God to tell the Children of Israel
Directions concerning burnt-offerings chapter 1
A bullock, vs 1-9
A sheep, goat, lamb, or kid, vs 10-13
A turtle dove, or young pigeon, vs 14-17
Sweet Savor offerings      chapter 2-3
Non sweet savor offerings chapter  4-5
Trespass offering chapter 6:7
The Law Of The Offerings chapter 6:8-7:38

Moses received instructions to be delivered to the priests respecting their official duties,
and first the burnt offering  – Hebrew, “a sacrifice,

This is the ceremony which ought to be observed in the offerings

The Law Of The Offerings    chapter 6:8-7:38

Leviticus is beneficial to us as a “shadow” of things concerning our High Priest, Jesus Christ  8:1, 7-9,  30,

His sacrifice of Himself – by Himself – for Us  Hebrews 10:1-3, 10-12  unholy  vs 8-11
A Warning Example chapter  10

Strange fire vs 1
The sin of Nadab and Abihu was doing without seeking the mind of God before acting
It typifies any use of carnality to promote the fire of devotion and praise.
There is a difference between the Holy and the profane

Holy God Requires A Clean, Holy People chapter 11-15

A. laws regarding what can be eaten of touched chapter 11
B. Laws regarding childbirth chapter 12
C. Laws regarding leprosy chapters 13-14
D. Laws concerning sexual purity chapter 15

The Day Of Atonement chapter 16
A. This is one of the most powerful Jewish religious days
1. Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement
2. vs 29-31 the date is October 10th
B. Atonement for the sins of the nation
C. This is the only time of the year when the high priest was allowed to enter into the Holy
of Holies to offer the blood upon the altar for the sins of the people
D. Vs 33 – 34 What Atonement was to be made for

Relationships Of God’s People chapters 18-22
A. In order to walk with a Holy God, God’s people must be holy 19:1-2
1. holy means: sacred – set apart
2. the word “sanctification” has the basic same meaning
B. Things to keep away from or not to touch 19:26-32
1. I Thessalonians 5:22
2. Lev. 18 deals with incest – adultery – homosexuality – beastiality – nakedness
C. Punishments for impurity chapter 20
1. idolatry = death
2. consorting with witches or being a witch = death
3. cursing mother or father = death 20:9
4. incest = death
5. homosexuality = death 20:13
6. beastiality = death 20:15-16
7. adultery = death 20:10
8. unclean and improper sexual practices = childlessness

Christ In Leviticus

1:3 without blemish Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:14; I Peter 1:19
1:4 atonement Romans 5:11
1:5 priests Hebrews 10:11
4:12 without the camp Hebrews 13:11-12
4:16 the priests Hebrews 9:12-14
8:33-34 commanded Hebrews 7:16
9:7 atonement for all Heb. 5:1-5; 7:27; 9:7-12
9:15 the peoples offering Hebrews 2:17; 5:3
14:7 cleansing by blood Hebrews 9:13-14
16:3 into the Holy Place Hebrews 9:7; 12; 24-25
16:14 blood Hebrews 9:13-14; 10:4, & 10
16:15 offering for the people Heb. 2:17; 5:2; 9:7, & 28
16:16 Atonement for holy place Hebrews 9:22-23
16:17 Atonement for the altar Hebrews 9:12-23
16:30 Cleansing by blood Hebrews 9:13-14; I John 1: 7-9
16:22 The scapegoat John 1:29; Heb. 9:28; I Peter 2:24
17:11 Blood Atonement Matt. 26:28; Mark 14:24; Eph. 1:7;
Col. 1:20; Hebrews 13:12
25:49 Kinsman redeemer Luke 1:68; 24:21; Romans 8:29; Gal. 3:13;
Gal. 4:4-5; Phil. 1:14; II Thess. 2:13;
Titus 2:13-14; I Peter 1:18

NOTE: These are just a few of the many, many references to Christ found in the Book of Leviticus. The major portion of this Book points directly to Jesus Christ. The Book of Hebrews is the most profitable Book in the New Testament to help you to understand the Book of Leviticus.
Hebrews 10:1 tells us that the Law was a shadow of what would come. With Jesus, it was fulfilled.
Hebrews 9:12 – “once” vs 28 “once” Hebrews 10:10 “once for all” vs 12 -“one sacrifice”
vs 11 the priests “sacrifices” or sacraments, can NEVER take away sins.

Genesis is the Book of Beginnings; also a book where God called His people out of Egypt. In Exodus, we see the redemption of God’s people where they left of Egypt. In the Book of Leviticus, we see the Atonement; a code of Holiness that God expects His people to follow; sacrifices as a symbol.


A few years ago, a lady wrote to me reagrding my souls. I appreciate her concern. Many times, I receive letters from someone condemning me to hell because I am not a member of their ‘religion.”  Most do not include their name or adress. this dear lady did. below is my reply to her. I trust that you will read it and study your Bible and gain “Spiritual Insights” as to what the Bible teaches.

December 17, 2003

Dear Sarah;

Thank you for your remarks scribbled on our bulletin and sent back to us. I would like to make a few comments regarding your comments as you are in great error not knowing Scriptures. I also appreciate your concern for my souls and will answer, best I can, your comments written to me. You also make several false accusations regarding what we, as Baptist, believe.

You tend to be “hung up” on the Sabbath. First, let me say: 1. The pope did not change the Sabbath. The only place I have found that statement, was in 7th Day Adventist writings.  2.  The Sabbath is Saturday; which, in all reality, is from sundown Friday to sundown Saturday. 3. We have no ties with Rome nor did Baptist come out of Rome. We are not Protestants, but rather, Baptists and the Ana Baptists of old etc.

4. Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy — your quotes, is from       Exodus 20:8. In the New Testament, all of the 10 Commandments are repeated EXCEPT one …. Remember the Sabbath Day to keep it holy.  5.  The Sabbath is for Israel and not for Christians: Exodus 31:16 “Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the Sabbath, to observe the Sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant”.

 Levitcus 24:8 Every Sabbath he shall set it in order before the LORD continually, being taken from the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant.

I am not a Jew and Baptists are not Jews. Jews or Israelites, are commanded to keep the Sabbath, Christians are not commanded to do so.

Note the following:

Matthew 28:1  “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre”.

 Mark 16:2  “And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun”.

 Mark 16:9  “Now when Jesus was risen early the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven devils”.

 Luke 24:1  “Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them”.

 John 20:1  “The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre”.

 John 20:19  “Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you”.

 Acts 20:7 “And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight“.

Every Sunday, is the Lord’s day; in essence, Easter; as that was the day that Jesus arose victoriously from the grave.

You seem “hung up” on the pope and idols. As I stated, we are not catholic, did not come out of Rome and have NO TIES with Rome. The Roman Catholic church did not exist until approximately 350-400 A.D. well after the Baptist which go back to John The Baptist.

You are OFF on how to get to heaven, as per your note to me. You wrote: The Bible teaches that three things must  be believed and be truth before they can enter heaven. One, love the Father more than you love God and love Him with all your being, love Him first!  Two, keep the 10 commandments, all 10 commandments, not just 9.  Three, Accept Lord Jesus Christ as your personal Saviour, open the door and invite Him into your life.

My dear friend, you would have a lot of searching to find what you said in Scripture. You are putting words into the mouth of God and His Word. NOWHERE in the Bible does it say what you have said in totality. Galatians 3:2 “This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?

Galatians 3:3 Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?

Galatians 2:21 I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.

This tells us that “if” we could be saved by the Law ….. Jesus death was a waste. Your faith in keeping the Law has now relegated Jesus to a vain or wasteful death …. in other words…. he died for noting “if” the Law would save or help to save a soul.

 Galatians 3:9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.

You see, 430 years BEFORE the Law … Abraham believed (faith) unto God and it was accounted unto him for righteousness.

James 2:23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God.

Galatians 3:19  Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

 Galatians 3:21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

 Galatians 3:24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

 Galatians 3:25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.

Notice what happened in the Book of Acts regarding this very thing:

Acts 15:5 But there rose up certain of the sect of the Pharisees which believed, saying, That it was needful to circumcise them, and to command them to keep the law of Moses.

Acts 15:6  And the apostles and elders came together for to consider of this matter.

Acts 15:7 And when there had been much disputing, Peter rose up, and said unto them, Men and brethren, ye know how that a good while ago God made choice among us, that the Gentiles by my mouth should hear the word of the gospel, and believe.

Acts 15:10 Now therefore why tempt ye God, to put a yoke upon the neck of the disciples, which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear?

Acts 15:11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.

Hmmmm….. folks back in the Apostles days had the same idea you are having. The met, discussed the matter thoroughly and came to the conclusion that to for them to demand that folks keep the Law of Moses, would be putting a yoke  upon the disciples neck.

They said: “Why tempt ye God ….”

To follow the thoughts or doctrines that you are so ignorantly espousing, is to tempt God.

In verse 11, they concluded that Jews and Gentiles alike, are saved by the grace of God and nothing else. No Law, No works etc.  Kinda throws out your Sabbath keeping, don’t it?

Romans 3:28  “Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law.”

Salvation is a person realizing that they are a sinner: Romans 3:23. Realizing that Jesus died for their sins on the Cross of Calvary, was buried and rose again the third day. Then receiving Jesus as personal Saviour.  Romans 6:23;          Romans 10:9-10, Romans 10:13.

My friend, you need to simply trust in Jesus as Saviour; not the Law. The Law cannot save and it never did save a soul.

If you want to keep the Law, the Law is more than the 10 Commandments; it is the 1st 5 Books of the Bible. According to Law, if a person does not keep the Sabbath, they are to be stoned.

Do you practice that?

Do you offer lambs on the 1st Sabbath of the year, according to Law?

Do you let the land rest on a Sabbath year?

Do you offer burnt offerings on the Sabbath?

These are just a few Laws regarding the keeping of the Sabbath in the Old Testament. If you do not keep them along with the other Laws, then you really have a problem.

Some folks like to pick what they believe and then try to fit a few verses around them to try and support their belief system; this is erroneous, false doctrine and the mark of a cult.

My prayer for you is that you will receive Jesus Christ as personal Saviour and trust in Him only to take away your sins.

Thank you so much for writing to me and I trust that you will study your Bible for what it says and not just try to read it for what you want it to say.


Growing Older