FAITH – HOPE – FORGIVENESS by Growing Older


Old Testament Survey Book of Genesis

Old Testament Studies by Dr. Charles Bonner

The Book of Genesis

Introduction: Genesis is a Book of beginnings. The human writer: Moses.

The author: The Holy Spirit

The beginning of heaven and earth

The beginning of plants and animals

human life and sin

Genesis is the beginning of everything …. except … God

It is the beginning but has no finality

The beginning of idolatry

The Book of Genesis is quoted over 60 times in the New Testament. The recorded events of the Book of Genesis cover a period of 2,315 years. It begins with Genesis 1:1   “In the beginning God …” and it closes with Genesis 50:26 “… in a coffin in Egypt.”

Genesis has five chief divisions

1. Creation

2. Fall and redemption

3 Cain, Seth and the flood

4. Flood to Babel

5. Abraham to the death of Joseph

Why study the Old Testament? Romans 15:4;  Galatians 3:24

Eight famous men of the Old Testament

1. Adam  2. Abel  3. Enoch  4. Noah  5. Abraham  6. Isaac  7. Jacob  8. Joseph

I. Creation

A. Theistic evolutionists teach God created by means of evolution.

1. this is not Bible theology nor science nor evolution

2. God created  vs 1

3. Notice several verses on God’s creation: God said = spoke

a. vs 3              c. vs 9            e. vs 20      g. vs 26

b. vs 6             d. vs 11           f. vs 24

4. Notice the divisions of days

a. vs 5  “… and the evening and the morning were the first day.”

b. vs 8    c. vs 13     d.  vs 23    e.  vs 31

5. Man – chapter 2:5  refers back to Genesis 1:27

B. The oldest profession 2:5, 15

C. The Garden was “Eastward” in Eden 2:8 or in the Eastern part of Eden.

II. God Makes Abraham A Promise Genesis 12:1-3 and 13:15-16

A. This is an unconditional promise

B. Abraham didn’t have to do anything for God to keep His promise

C. Man’s folly or impatience; lack of faith; disobedience; sin Genesis 16:1-16

D. Ishmael means “God shall hear”

E. Genesis 17:1-8; vs 15-19; vs 8 God gives Abraham & his seed, the land of Canaan

F. the Covenant is with Isaac Genesis 17:20-21

G. symbol of the Covenant – Genesis 17:10-12 – violated with Ishmael vs 25

H. God again confirms the Covenant 18:11-14

I. birth of Isaac 21:9-13

J. Synopsis of the situation

1. God tells Abram that he and his wife will have a son; they are old & she can’t have any

2. Sarai tells Abram to have a child with her maid, Hagar 16:1-2.

a. this is man running ahead of God – not waiting on God

b. this is man trying to do God’s will man’s way

c. this is sin: disobedience, immorality

d. God’s promise follows the legitimate line through Isaac – Genesis 17:21

e. the illegitimate line is Ishmael – the Arab peoples. God still made them great because

of God’s promise to Abram.

f. both peoples trace their lineage back to Abraham. Both claim God’s promise of the

land of Canaan to Abram’s seed 17:8

g. they’ve fighting over the land for centuries

h. the continual fighting and unrest is a product of man’s sin

III. Sodom And Gomorrah  Chap. 19

A. In Chapter 18, God would not destroy them if there were even 10 righteous people in

Them, vs 33. There evidently were not that many there.

B. Chapter 19 – two angels came to Sodom to see Lot. They were most likely two of the

three angels that had met with Abraham in 18:2.

1. Lot treated them hospitable – he also invited them in vs 2

2. vs 4, the men (sodomites) of Sodom, surrounded the house

3. vs 5, they wanted to perpetrate their wickedness upon the men – Lots guests

4. vs 8, Lot offers his two daughters in their place

a. shows Lot’s perversion

b. shows Lot’s disreguard & disrespect for himself, his wife and his daughters as well

as for God

5. vs 9, the sodomites tried to break in Lot’s house

6. vs 10 the men (angels) rescued Lot and smote the queers with blindness

7. vs 13-15, the angels will destroy the wicked city. Shows the power of God’s angels

8. vs 16 Lot lingered – he had become so attached to the sinful place he was living in, he

did not want to leave it.  If Lot had recognized the wickedness of the city, he would

have left it long before this time.

9. vs 16, the angels had to drag Lot and his family out of the city.

10. vs 28 the fate of the cities

11. vs 31-38 the continued sin of Lot and his family

IV. Isaac:  Chapter 25-26

A. God continues His formation of His chosen nation, Israel Chapter 25:11

B. God confirms His covenant to Isaac, that He had given to Abraham 26:3-5, 24

V. Jacob

A. Steals Esau’s Blessing; he deceives his father 27:1-25

B. Jacob receives the blessing reserved for his brother Esau 27:26-46

C. Jacob receives the Abrahamic Covenant 28:3-4; 13-14

D. Esau married into Ishmael family 28:9

E. Jacob’s name changed to Israel 32:28

1. Jacob had 12 sons

2. Jacob’s 12 sons became the 12 tribes of Israel

The Messianic Line Of Christ – Genesis 49:8-10

__________________________________________________________________________

!            !           !          !        !          !          !         !          !             !            !           !

Reuben    Simeon    Levi     Judah    Dan   Naphtali    Gad    Asher   Issachar   Zebulon    Joseph   Benjamin

29:32       29:33     29:34     29:35    30:6      30:8      30:13   30:13     30:18       30:20      30:24        35:18

 

F.  Jacob waits 14 years for his bride – he reaped what he sowed earlier

VI.  Joseph; Genesis 37-50

A. He was the oldest son of Jacob and Rachel;  Gen. 37:3

1. He was the favorite son of his father

2. Because he was favored, his brothers hated him and sold him into slavery into Egypt  Genesis 37:18-36

B. God uses Joseph and brings him to a powerful position in Egypt chapters 37-48

1. He is tested in the house of Potiphar Gen. 39:1-23

2. Joseph does the right thing, yet is framed and goes to prison; vs 7-14, 20,22

3. Pharaoh has a dream chap. 41

a. Pharaoh’s magicians could not interpret the dream; vs 8

b. Pharaoh calls for Joseph, vs 14, to interpret the dream

c. there would be 7 years of plenty and then 7 years of famine, vs 29-30

4. Pharaoh puts Joseph in charge over all the land of Egypt 41:40-44

C. Joseph’s brothers come to Egypt to buy corn; chapter 42

D. Joseph tells his brothers who he really is chapter 45

E. God took something evil and made something good from it; Genesis  50:20

 

Joseph is one of the most complete types of Christ in the Old Testament

                       Similarities                                                       Joseph                        Christ

 

Both were beloved of their fathers                                      Gen. 37:3                Matt. 3:17; 17:5

Both were sold by their own                                               Gen. 37:27-28         Matt. 26:15

Both were taken to Egypt                                                    Gen. 37:26              Matt. 2:14-15

Both were falsely accused                                                    Gen. 39:13-15        Matt. 26:59-60

Both had two fellow sufferers,                                             Gen. 40:20-21        Luke 23:39-43

one was saved and one condemned

Both were exalted after suffering                                         Gen. chap. 39-41   Phil. 2:7-9


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