Gospel of John Chapter #4 Notes

John Chapter #4

John  4:7  The “Living water asks for a drink.”

John 4:9 – Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans = over the years, they were not friendly towards the Jews; there was a lot of animosity toward each other.

Because of their defective devotion to Judaism and their partly pagan ancestry, the Samaritans were despised by ordinary Jews. Because the Samaritans were sometimes hostile, and also the fact that a Jew believed that he could become contaminated by passing through Samaritan territory, Jews who were traveling from Judea to Galilee or vice versa would cross over the Jordan river and avoid Samaria by going through Transjordan, and cross back over the river again once they had reached their destination.

The Samaritans often taunted the Jews. They rejected all of the Old Testament except the Pentateuch, and they claimed to have an older copy than the Jews and boast that they observe the precepts better.

The Jews repaid them with hatred. They rejected the Samaritan copy of the law and publicly denounced that Samaritans were of any Jewish birth (John 4:12).
– The Samaritan was publicly cursed in their synagogues.

– He could not serve as a witness in the Jewish courts.

– He could not be converted to Judaism as a proselyte.

– He was excluded from the after life.”

John 4:14

Vs 14 – A beautiful figure of the joy in Christ. In heat, in cold; in drought, in shower; in prosperity, in adversity;   it still springs up, cheering and  it refreshes the soul, and  it will from the time you are saved  and throughout all eternity

He says, “I am the life” [John 11:25; 14:6]; “Come to me, ye that labor and are  heavy laden, and I will give you rest” [Mt 11:28];  “I am the bread of life” [John 6:35,48];  “He that believeth on me shall never thirst” [John 6:35].

Vs 14 – Water in him … springing up …. = a continual source … it NEVER runs dry.

Springing up = bubbling  up like a fountain … not like a stagnant pool.

John 4:15

1. “Give me this water… “  She did not, as yet, understand what Jesus meant; but this made her curious, and that is exactly what Jesus wanted.

2. “The woman said …” It may seem strange that the woman did not understand Jesus, but it shows how slow sinners are to understand the Gospel.

3. This woman was looking for an easier way & less daily work. She had not, as yet, grasped the last part of verse 14;  “… into everlasting life.”

John 4:16

Men of the first century rarely spoke to women at all.  In fact, women at the time and in that culture were considered property and were not given any social status.  Jesus told her to go & call her husband to come there:

1. To make the woman consider her own state.

2. To show her that he knew her heart, as well as the secret actions of her life.

3. His object, here, was to lead her to consider her own state and sinfulness–a delicate and yet pungent way of making her see that she was a sinner.

4. Before she could be saved = partake of the “Living Water”, she had to know or admit that she was a sinner.

John 4:28:  The woman left her water pot …

Typology = She left her burdens behind; she laid them down and traded the water of  Jacob’s Well for the “Living Water.”

Verse 14 The “Living Water” was springing up with in her: She testified of that fact.

This woman was “acquainted” with many men of the city.

She goes to her old crowd and testifies of the saving Grace of  Jesus = he is the Messiah

John 4:29: Her simple testimony to these men, led them to go and seek Jesus.

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