Old Testament Survey II Samuel

The Forty Year reign Of David

Introduction: In I Samuel, we saw the failure of Eli and Saul. II Samuel gives us the restoring of order through David ascending to the throne as King. David was the greatest king of Israel and his reign was 40 years; from 30 years old until seventy years old. David was also known as a man after God’s own heart:                                              I Samuel 13:14 – Acts 13:22.

Author: The Holy Spirit

Human writer: Samuel

The events recorded in this Book cover a 38 year time period

Division of this Book:

  1. The Triumphs Of David: chaps 1-12
  2. The Troubles Of David: chaps 13-24

Section I -The Triumphs Of David

  1. David First Reigned Over Judah In Hebron – chap. 1-4  (2:4)
  2. No one is to touch God’s anointed – 1:13-16
  3. A long war between David and the heirs of Saul – chaps 2-4 (3:1)
  4. David becomes king over Israel chaps 5-12 (5:3)
  5. David had kinship with them – vs 1
  6. David’s leadership was known and proven – vs 2
  7. He was appointed by God as shepherd and captain – vs 2 “feed my people Israel”
  8. The Davidic Covenant 7:11-16
  9. vs 11 – God will make him a house
  10. vs 13 -16 – the house is for God’s  Name  – the throne established forever
  11. Christ is the fulfillment of this – Hebrews 1:8; Psalms 45:6; Psalms 89:3-4; Isaiah 9:6-7
  12. This is an unconditional covenant
  13. The Davidic Covenant was the 4th step in the development of the prophecy of the Messiah to come

Development Of The Messianic Prophecy

  1. The promise to THE RACE in Adam through the seed of woman – Genesis 3:15
  1. Through ONE NATION of the race, Israel, through the seed of Abraham – Genesis 22:18
  1. Through ONE TRIBE of that nation, Judah, through Jacob – Genesis 49:10
  1. Through ONE FAMILY, the family of David – II Samuel 7:11-16


Fulfillment in ONE PERSON – Christ – Isaiah 9:6-7; Galatians 3:16

  1. The conquering warrior – David – chaps. 8-10
  2. David’s sin chaps. 11-12
  3. II Samuel 11:1 – David tarried
  4. he failed to go to work that day – disobedience
  5. in the wrong place – at the wrong  time
  6. look turned into lust 11:2
  7. vs 4 – lust turned into adultery
  8. vs 15-17 – murder of Uriah, Bathsheba’s husband
  9. vs 27 – David marries Bathsheba – he stole another man’s wife and tried to cover his sin
  10. II Samuel 12:9 – David’s sin was found out – Numbers 32:23
  11. sin is rarely singular
  12. attempts to cover up sin, is a sin and usually leads to other sins, and others and others
  13. I Samuel 13:14 – even a man after God’s own heart can fall into sin in weakness
  14. those who haven’t fallen can learn from  this
  15. those who have fallen can learn that there is HOPE of restoration
  16. progression of sin – results and remedy
  17. considering David’s story – we can see that catastrophic sin is a process
  18. it is not so much an isolated incident
  19. there is only one escape

Section II -The Troubles Of David

In fulfilling God’s judgment, David went through several years of suffering.  His sufferings came from within his own family as well as from without.

  1. The Sins  Of  David  Were Committed By His Sons – chap. 13
  2. Amnon Vs 1-2, 11, 14
  3. He we have the sins of rape and incest
  4. murdered by his brother Absalom – vs 28-29
  5. the murder was by deception and manipulation exactly as their father, David, had done before  them        Exodus 20:5, 34:7, Numbers 14:18, Deuteronomy 5:9: sins of fathers are visited upon the children             unto the third and fourth generation.
  1. David’s son, Absalom, rebels: chap. 15-18
  2. Absalom tries to dethrone his father – David – unsuccessfully
  3. Absalom is killed and his father – David – mourns for his rebellious son -chap. 18:9-33
  4. he is hanged in an Oak tree – 18:9-10
  5. David’s grief for his son – 18:33
  6. David Returns To Jerusalem – chap. 19

III. The Remaining Years Of David – chap. 20-24

  1. Joab murders Amasa -19:9-10
  2. Three years of famine – chap. 21
  3. war with the Philistines – 21:15-22
  4. the enemy was giants  – vs 20
  5. they were  the brothers of Golaith whom David killed many  years earlier
  6. our enemy (s) never give up on us – they will always be there – trying to defeat us
  7. David’s song of deliverance – chap. 22
  8. vs 2-3 are also a Psalm
  9. vs 2 is Psalms 91:2 while vs 3 is similar to Psalms 18:2
  10. David’s mighty men  – chap. 23:8 till end of chapter
  11. David’s sin of numbering  the  people – chap. 24
  12. vs 1 – David is tempted by satan to number or take a census of Israel and Judah
  13. I Chronicles 21:1-6
  14. The purchase of the threshing floor of Araunah – chap. 24:18-25
  15. this is land  where  Abraham offered Isaac 400 years before
  16. this eventually becomes the building site of Solomon’s Temple
  17. vs 24 – true worship and service to the Lord  costs us something or it is meaningless
  18. a price was  paid for  salvation
  19. our time – talents – money  – heart etc.  must be put into true worship if it is to have real meaning and value to us.
  20. He who has a religion that costs him nothing, has a religion that is worth nothing:
  1. no man will esteem the ordinances of God, if those ordinances cost him nothing.
  2. Charles Spurgeon said of this: “True devotion to godly men that service of God tastes sweetest which costs them most. Nothing is dear enough to give to God; expense is not to be reckoned when the gift is for him.  We would not be  as those  who only bring to God what they can collect from our own store.”

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