FAITH – HOPE – FORGIVENESS by Growing Older


Old Testament Survey: Book of Haggai

The Book Of Haggai

Introduction: Haggai was relatively unknown but he voiced God’s message to the leaders of the Jews who had returned after 70 years of captivity.  

 Haggai writes to:

1. Rebuke and to instruct the remnant of the Jews: they were divided.

2. To admonish and to encourage the builders of God’s House.

The man and the Book: Haggai was born in Babylon and he returned to the Land. This was done due to the decree of Cyrus under Zerubbabel.

This Book covers a period of about 4 months, in the year of 520 B.C.  It takes place 16 years after the return of the first group who came back to the Land.

Haggai writes regarding their problem: 14 years of inactivity. The Temple should have been rebuilt but the people didn’t build it.

The people were in apathy and that is why they basically sat there doing nothing in the Lord’s work for those 14 years.

Central message: Chapter 1:7-8 

Haggai’s Four Fold Message

 I.   The Appeal To Rebuild The Temple: Chap. 1

      A. Build The House

           1. Vs 2:  “the  people say”

           2. Vs 3-4: God’s Word says …..

                a. God’s Word came to Haggai, God’s man

                b. God was leading Haggai to rebuke and to encourage – His House needed to be built

      B. Vs 5 – “…Consider your ways:” their thinking; attitudes; direction; needed to change

           1.  Vs 6: God was not blessing them in any labor of their hands, unless they rebuild His

                Temple and restore His worship

                a. God will not bless our labors when we fail to follow His Word.

                b. They thought they could escape poverty by keeping their money and not give it to

                    God’s House; there was not enough to rebuild God’s House because of that

                    Proverbs 13:7 and 11:24

                    Instead of cheating God; they cheated themselves

                c. Sown: but crop failures … bring in little = not enough food to eat

                d. Not filled with drink: nothing satisfied them

                e. Because of crop failures, there was not enough money to buy clothing

                f. Their wages went into a bag full of holes: figurative. No matter how much they

                    made … there was never enough to go around.

           2. Vs 7: Consider your ways. Is it right to build a nice house and neglect God’s house

                consider whether  your lack is due to God’s punishment due to your lack of giving

                God what is really His

 II. A Message Of Support: Chap 2

     A. Vs 4: “… I am  with you …”  – Hebrews 13:5

     B. “Be strong …”  don’t let this discourage you       

     C. Vs 6-7: God is in control

          1. Vs 6: God will shake the heavens etc.

          2. Vs 7: God will shake all nations

          3. Vs 8: poverty should not hinder them …. all things come from God. Depend on Him for

              their financial needs

 III. A Message To Confirm: Chap. 2

      A. Vs 19: “from this day will I bless you.”

      B. The seed has been planted 

           1. Harvest is months away

           2. Harvest of the fruit trees is also a while off

           3. In the past, they have had crop failures

           4. God’s Word says: trust in the Lord and not in nature

           5. Their obedience will bring the blessing of God

IV.  A Message To Assure: Chap. 2

       A. Vs 23: “I will take thee”  “I will make thee  as”  “ I have chosen thee”

            1. I will take thee: God’s leading and protection

            2. I will make thee as a signet:  a  signature ring used as a seal. God will make them

                very precious. He will exalt Zerubbabel to high dignity and power. He shall be

                precious

            3. I have chosen thee: “chosen” here, means appointed. God had a work for him to do.

                God had a plan for Zerubbabel and He has a plan for you.

       B. God’s Word gives assurance

            1. Acts 17:31

            2. Colossians 2:2

Conclusion: Matthew 6:33 is a great rule in God’s Word to follow. When we “consider our ways” and turn back to God, obey His Word in ALL things … He will bless.



Old testament Survey: Book of Micah

Introduction: Micah lived during the time of Isaiah, the prophet.

His name means: “Who is like Jehovah.”

Isaiah was a learned man and ministered to the upper classes while Micah ministered more to the lower classes from which he came.

The Book: It was written during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.

It shows judgment for idolatry. This Book followed the lead of most of the prophets and spoke of the ultimate triumph of God’s grace and the fulfillment of God’s covenant promise to the faithful remnant.

Date: 750 – 710 B.C.

This Book contributed to the revival under King Hezekiah: (Jeremiah 26:18-19).

NOTE: chapter 1:2 “Hear” 3:1 “Hear” – 6:1 “Hear”

                                                                  Brief Outline Of The Book

     I.  Coming  Judgment Declared – chaps 1-3

     II.  Future Blessing Promised – chaps 4-5      

                                                                   III.  Repentance Pleaded – chaps 6-7

Note: Micah Chapter 7; the prophet pleads for repentance: what was their sin?

Micah 7:1-2: “… they lie in wait for blood …” = ambush – they have a plot;

“… they hunt every brother with a net.” = They set a trap for a brother

Micah 7:3: “… he uttereth his mischievous desire …”  The sin of the “tongue” = gossip and sowing discord.

Micah 7:4: “… best … a briar …” = they are useless at best.

Micah 7:5-7: Vs 5; “Trust not in a friend …” = even the most intimate will betray each other, when they can hope to serve themselves by it.

Vs 6: “… a man’s enemies are men of his own house.” = The state of  unnatural lawlessness in all relations of  life is here described which is to characterize the last times, before Messiah comes.

Cross references: Proverbs 10:12 – 13:10 – 15:18 – 16:28 – 22:10 – 28:25-26

Galatians 5:17-20 & 6:7-8 – Philippians 2:1-3 & 14-16

James chapter 3 / Micah 7:3 “uttereth mischievous desire …” = The tongue

Central message of the Book: Present judgment and future blessing

Lesson: The Gentile nations will be blessed also during the last days of the regathering of

Israel; 4:1-2

I.  Man’s peace brings destruction

    A. Micah is speaking here of the future – after the second coming of Christ.

    B. The only real and true peace comes from Jesus Christ: John 16:33

         1. “Ye shall have …” The Greek word “echo”

         2. It will happen over and over and over and over.

         3. That’s what the world’s peace brings to us.

    C. There is PEACE in “knowing that you are saved”  

    D. There is PEACE in knowing that you are in God’s will after you are saved.

II. The Requirements Of God: Micah 6:8

     A. The Bible speaks about duties

          1. The duty of marriage

          2. The duty of everyday living for and serving the Lord

     B. The whole “Duty” of man: Ecclesiastes 12:13-14

          1. “whole” = entire – our obligation to God

          2. DUTY is something required = obedience to God in all areas of life

     C. Our duty is summed up in this … Matthew 22:35-40

          1. This means to be willing to give up your life to him, and to devote it all to His service;

              to live for Him

          2. If we love God as we should; we will have no trouble in obeying Him; serving Him

          3. If a Christian’s heart is right with God, you will have no trouble being obedient in ALL

              things

          4. you will quit making excuses for not doing what you should do or why you’re not

              doing it.



Old Testament Survey: The Book Of Joel

Introduction: Joel lived during the time of the Prophet Elisha; approximately 800 years before the birth of Jesus Christ. Joash was king.

The Name Joel: Means “Jehovah is God.”  He prophesied mostly about Jerusalem and Judah.

Date: Approximately 800 B.C.

  1. The Plague Of Locust: Chap. 1:11-2:11
  2. Chap. 2:1-11 references to revelation 16:14
  3. This refers to Armageddon
  4. Vs 11: references to Revelation 19:11-21
  5. Joel calls for repentance: 2:12-17
  6. Repentance is a turning back to God as well as a turning from our sin.
  7. The sin that keeps us from Gods blessings.
  8. The sin that hinders our sweet fellowship with the Lord.
  9. The sin that hinders our spiritual progress.
  10. Prophecy 2:28

    “Afterward “= in the last days

  1. “Pour out my Spirit”
  2. This prophecy was fulfilled in Acts 2:15 -21
  3. Acts 2:16: “this is that”
  4. “this” = the happenings of Acts 2:1-14.
  5. The Day of Pentecost begins the “Last Days”, according to this fulfilled prophecy.
  6. The local New Testament Church was empowered on the Day of Pentecost
  7. Acts 2:41: 3,000 souls saved – baptized and added to the local church.
  8. That particular local church was the one in Jerusalem in Acts 1:15.

The Last Days

  1. Afterwards: Joel 2:28 – this is the last days of Acts 2:17
  2. Joel 2:28 was fulfilled on the Day of Pentecost, therefore, the Last Days began on                             the Day of Pentecost.
  3. This means that we have been living in the Last Days for over 2,000 years
  4. We are living, I believe, in the last part of the Last Days.
  5. We are to LOOK for the return of Jesus Christ.
  6. We are to LIVE for Jesus until His return.

NOTES: Joel 3:14: “Valley of Decision.” The valley in which they are to meet their “determined doom.” The same as “the valley of Jehoshaphat,” that is, “the valley of judgment.”

This is the place where God executes His judgment upon His enemies.

People have decisions to make – to be saved or remain unsaved. Christians also have decisions –

Once we are saved, do I live for the Lord or not. Will I be faithful or remain unfaithful. How long will I serve Him?

Joel tells of the effects of the plagues, past and future. He looks beyond them to plagues of Israel’s enemies to come and calls Israel to repentance. Then, he looks to the end times and God’s triumph over Israel’s final enemies and the promise of God’s blessings upon Israel and the gentile believers.



Old Testament Survey Isaiah

Introduction: In the Old Testament, we can group the Books into approximately three different categories. Genesis through Esther is history; Job through Song of Solomon is poetry; while Isaiah through Malachi is prophecy.

We are now at the Old Testament writings by the prophets. There are 17 in number and generally divided into 5 Major Prophets and 12 Minor Prophets. They are not called “major” or “minor” prophets because some are more important than others. They are referred to such because of the amount of material in each Book. The Books of poetry were written during the golden age of Israel; the Books of prophecy were written during days of apostasy in Israel.

Definition of a prophet: derived from a verb signifying “to bubble forth” like a fountain; hence the word means one who announces or pours forth the declarations of God. A spokesman; speaker. They were authoritative and influential men of God. They were direct spokesmen of God; they received their messages directly from God and preached them to the people. Therefore, “prophet” means: one who speaks for another. When put in proper context, we will know if that spokesman is speaking for God or for some man or some other deity; Numbers 12:6-8 Deuteronomy 13:1-5 – II Peter 1:21.

Matthew 11:13 – Luke 16:16: Prophets …. until John. “Until” is a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place): (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to. The prophets lasted until the time of John the Baptist. “The law and the prophets were in force until John: from that time the Gospel takes place; and humble upright men receive it with inexpressible earnestness,” John Wesley.

The prophets taught, or continued to instruct.  They were the instructors concerning the Christ who was to come. John the Baptist came and showed that all the predictions of the Messiah, were now about to be fully and finally accomplished; for Christ was now revealed. There was 400 silent years between the closing of the Old Testament Books and the beginnings of the Gospel. John the Baptist is clearly New Testament and NOT an Old Testament prophet. Today, those who call themselves prophets are not “God called” but “self-called.”

Central message of Isaiah: Jehovah is supreme Ruler and the ONLY Saviour.

Author: The Holy Spirit of God  Human writer: The Prophet Isaiah

Chronological Order Of The Prophets: According to Ussher

  1. Prophets Before The Exile
  2. Jonah to Nineveh – 862 B.C.
  3. To the 10 Tribes of Israel
  4. Amos – 787 B.C.
  5. Hosea – 785 – 725 B.C.
  6. Obadiah – 887 B.C.
  7. Joel – 800 B.C.
  8. To Judah
  9. Isaiah – 760 – 698 B.C.
  10. Micah – 750 – 710 B.C.
  11. Nahum – 713 B.C.
  12. Habakkuk 626 B.C.
  13. Zephaniah – 630 B.C.
  14. Jeremiah – 629 – 588 B.C.
  15. Prophets During The Exile
  16. Ezekiel – 595 – 574 B.C.
  17. Daniel – 607 – 534 B.C.

III. Prophets After The Exile

A. Haggai – 520 B.C.

B. Zechariah – 520 – 518 B.C.

C. Malachi – 397 B.C.

IV. The Book Of Isaiah Shows Absolute Proof that Christ Is God

A. Isaiah 19:20; 43:3, 11; 45:15, 21; 49:26, 60:16, 63:8

B. Isaiah 53 is direct and obvious prophecies of Christ

C. There are many New Testament Scriptures that make it obvious that Jesus Christ is the                                                     Saviour; the ONE spoken about by the Prophet Isaiah

1. Luke 1:47; 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 5:31, 13:23; Philippians 3:20; II Timothy 1:10

2. Titus 1:3-4; 2:10-13; 3:4-6; II Peter 1:1,11; 2:20; 3:2,18; I John 4:14

V. The Lowliness Of The Messiah’s Arrival

  1. Isaiah 53:2
  2. He did not come as the Jews expected Him to come
  3. No political deliverance
  4. no great ceremony befitting a King
  5. born to a carpenter’s family
  6. born to a family of Northern Galilee; a place and family from which nothing was expected
  7. a “root out of dry ground” Isaiah 53:2 – Romans 15:12
  8. dry ground – where no one would expect it to grow – before unbelieving Jews
  9. root – Vs 1 – “the arm of the Lord is revealed.                                                                                                                     (1) the same Hebrew for the above is used in Genesis 3:15 – Christ is the seed                                                         (2) roots have no beauty in them                                                                                                                                         (3) the root is that of a decayed tree springing up into a new tree – Isaiah 11:1                                                       “tender plant” – “a suckling” Job 14:7 – a young shoot springing up from old stock
  10. No form or comeliness – beauty
  11. magnificence, ornament or splendor: beauty, excellency, glorious, glory, goodly, honor,                                    majesty.
  12. the beauty of Christ was moral; holiness; love etc.
  13. this is an inward beauty and not outward.

VI. He Suffered For Us

  1. Isaiah 53:4-5 “… He was wounded for our transgressions.” I Peter 2:24
  2. He took in our place; our sufferings, it was God’s will I John 4:10
  3. He was / is guiltless = sinless: Isaiah 53:9; I Peter 2:22; Luke 23:1-22
  4. He made His grave with the wicked – Isaiah 53:9
  5. He was crucified between two thieves – Matthew 27:38
  6. “with the rich …”  Joseph of Arimathea – Matthew 27:57-60 and Nicodemus – John 19:38-42
  7. He was made an offering for sin – Isaiah 53:10
  8. Isaiah 53:12 – He was numbered with the transgressors’ – Matthew 27:38 – two thieves
  9. He bare the sins of many – Isaiah 53:12 – Matt. 26:28 – Hebrews 9:28
  10. He made intercession for the transgressors – Romans 8:34 – Hebrews 7:25                                                              a. He constantly presents the merits of his death as a reason why we should be saved.                                            b. The precise mode, however, in which he makes intercession in heaven for his people is not                                     revealed. The general meaning is, that he undertakes their cause, and assists them in                                               overcoming their foes and in their endeavors to live a holy life. (Barnes)                                                                c. I John 2:1 – an advocate – one who has undertaken, and is fully able, to plead in behalf                                              of  every one who applies for pardon and salvation in his name, depending on his                                                      pleading for them. (Matthew Henry)


The Book of Ruth Chapters 3 & 4

Ruth Chapter #3

Introduction: We can look at Ruth as the Gentile Bride of Christ. Ruth is a Gentile who marries a Hebrew and symbolically brings all non-Jews (gentiles) into the lineage of Messiah. This means that the Gospel is for all people.

We can look at her life as a type of a Christian with decisions to make. She makes decisions about serving the Lord; finding rest in the Lord and being rewarded by the Lord.

This is a wonderful story of the grace of God.

Vs 1: Ruth finds rest:

Spiritually = full, abiding, present, eternal rest in the Lord.

Earthly = a place to settle down & live, a home.

The correlation: just like we want & need a place called home, here on this earth, God offers a place in              heaven for all who believe & receive Christ.

Vs 2-7: Ruth decided to be with God’s people and to accept the God of the Hebrew peoples.

  1. Is it just enough to be saved by Christ, & that’s all?
  2. Believers receive the full enjoyment of Christ’s abiding rest.
  3. There is no real rest with the unsaved crowd.
  4. Remember, Boaz is a type of Christ
  5. Vs 4; Ruth comes to him by faith.
  6. Vs 5; she humbles herself before Boaz and surrenders to his will.
  7. In like fashion, Christians are to come to Christ, humble self before Him, and surrender to do HIS will.
  8. Vs 6-7; Ruth follows through, she takes action; obeys.

Vs 8-11: He sees Ruth, vs 8

  1. Vs 9; “spread thy skirt …”
  2. This means: to spread a skirt over one, in the East, symbolical action denoting protection.
  3. Ruth wants Boaz to protect her.
  4. To this day in many parts of the East, to say of anyone that: he put his skirt over a woman, is synonymous with saying that he married her; and at all the marriages of the modern Jews and Hindus, one part of the ceremony is for the bridegroom to put a silken or cotton cloak around his bride.

Vs 10-11: Boaz takes Ruth as his bride: (the price he paid is not mentioned).

  1. Jesus purchased all who are saved and made us His bride.
  2. The bride is to prepare for the wedding day.
  3. Saved people are to prepare for the day when we stand before Christ.

Vs 11: Ruth was known by what she did not do as well as what she did do.

  1. Ruth did the right thing, she behaved herself.
  2. Christians need to do the right thing: have a good Christian testimony.
  3. Boaz: “I will do …. all … thou requirest.”
  4. This means he will take her to be his bride.

The rest of the chapter deals with O.T. Law: Deuteronomy 25:5-10

This is symbolic: the Law cannot save.  The Law condemns, it cannot save a soul.

Ruth Chapter # 4

 Introduction: Recap, we find the following brief outline of the Book of Ruth.

  1. Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
  2. Her response, serving: chap. 2
  3. Her request: chap. 3
  4. Her reward: chap. 4

Remember, Boaz is a type of Christ.

Vs 1-5: Boaz asks the kinsman to buy or to redeem the land from Naomi &, vs 5, Ruth.

  1. Colossians 1:14 & Ephesians 1:7
  2. Our salvation cost something.
  3. It was bought & paid for by the life & death; shed blood of  Jesus Christ.
  4. Jesus redeemed us.
  5. He bought & paid for you; He paid your sin debt in full: I Corinthians 6:19-20.

Vs 6: The kinsman = the Law, said that he could not redeem Naomi & Ruth.

Acts 13:39;  Romans 8:3

Vs 7-8: “… man plucked off his shoe …”

This was a testimony; that the man who gave the shoe transferred his right to the one who received it.

This was according to God’s Law: Dueteronomy 25:7-9

Vs 9: The elders were witnesses to this action.

Vs 10: Boaz purchased Ruth to be his bride.

  1. Acts 20:28
  2. Ephesians 1:7
  3. Redemption = to pay a ransom in full.
  4. Revelation 21:9 & 19:7

Vs 11-12: Ruth turned her back on Moab & its gods.

  1. She turned to the God of Israel & became a child of God.
  2. This is a typology of a gentile bride who becomes a child of God, by redemption.

Vs 13: Ruth marries Boaz and has his child.

  1. Ephesians 3:6
  2. Romans 10:13

Vs 14-22: We find, from the marriage of Boaz to Ruth, a line to David who becomes King over Israel.

This is prophecy being fulfilled: Luke 1:27 & Matthew 1:17

 

Conclusion: The Book of Ruth is a wonderful example of the grace of God and that the Law cannot save.

Romans 8:3 tells us that the Law is weak in the matter saving a soul.

Romans 5:17-21 show us how much grace there is.

John 3:18 shows us the one sin that condemns a person to an eternity in hell.

That sin is the sin of rejecting Christ as Saviour.



The Book of Ruth – FIRST 2 Chapters

Introduction: The Book of Ruth is one of two Books of the Bible that has the name of a woman: Esther is the other one. Ruth is about a kind woman; a Moabite, Gentile, that marries a Hebrew. This story takes place during the Judges. The timeline for Ruth is about the time of Judges chapter 3 and 4.

Ruth is the widow of Mahlon, the son of Elimelech Naomi.

What does Ruth represent? Ruth 4:17 & 22: she symbolically brings all non Jews (gentiles) into the line of Messiah.   Matthew 1:5. This means that the Gospel is for ALL people, not just a certain group of people.

CENTRAL  MESSAGE: The Kinsman Redeemer

Divisions of the Book of Ruth

  1. Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
  2. Her response, serving: chap. 2
  3. Her request: chap. 3
  4. Her reward: chap. 4

The reward of love: Ruth received a reward for her Godly love towards her mother in law. The reward was the kinsman redeemer; Boaz. Boaz is a picture or a type of Christ, our kinsman redeemer.

I.Requirement Of The Kinsman Redeemer

A. He MUST be willing: Lev. 25:25, Galatians 4:4-5

B. He MUST have the RIGHT to redeem: Lev. 25:48-49

C. He MUST have the POWER to redeem: Ruth 4:4-6, John 10:15-18.

II. Application To Christ

A. The unnamed kinsman: Ruth 4:6 represents the Law.

The Law is just and right but shows no love nor mercy.

B.The kinsman redeemer represents Christ, the expression of God’s love and mercy.

Gal. 3:13-14; Gal. 4:4-5

C. Christ was the only one willing and had the right and power to redeem us; both Jews and Gentiles.

Chapter 1

I. Decisions have to be made. In your life & mine, we each have decisions to make.

A. Decisions should be made after searching the Word of God and much prayer.

B. The important thing is to find God’s perfect will for each of our lives.

II. Elimelech was married to Naomi, Vs 2.

A. They had 2 sons & 2 daughter’s in law.

B. Vs 3 Elimelech dies leaving his wife without a means of support.

C. Vs 5: The 2 sons also die.

D. Vs 5-7, Naomi decides to return to Moab

E. Vs 8-9, Naomi decides her 2 daughter’s in law should go home.

     1. In Moab, as well as in Israel, widows were to dwell with their parents.

2. The women, in Moab, also had apartments distinct from the men, where the daughters lived with their                   mothers, and the sons lived with their fathers.

F. Vs 9, they wanted to stay with Naomi.

G. Vs 11-13, Naomi reasons with them.

      1. She has no more sons.

2. She is to old to have any more sons.

3. Even if she could, these women would not wait for them to be old enough to marry.                                                 4. In other words, Naomi basically tells them not to waste their time or their years on her.

H. Vs 14: Ruth & Orpah have made their decisions.                                                                                                               Orpah chose the way of false gods.

I. Vs 15, 16, 17: Ruth chose to stay with Naomi.

J. Vs 18-19: It caused a stir when Naomi arrived.

  1. She was well known & well liked by the people there.

2. Naomi had been gone for about 10 years.

3. When she now comes home, she is changed or different than when she left.

K. Vs 20: Call me not Naomi, call me Mara.

  1. Naomi means pleasant.

2. Mara means bitter, sorrowful, grief & pain.

3. She had lost her husband and her two sons in a strange land.

4. Naomi went from a woman who was well provided for and had plenty, to a woman who                                               now has no material wealth at all.

L. Vs 21: She went out full: husband, 2 sons, property, etc.

  1. Now she is empty = lost it all, death & cost of living.

2. God brought her back home.

3. There is a reason why God brought Naomi back home.

4. Naomi is a chastened believer; she blames God for her losses.

M. Vs 22: Beginning of barley harvest = beginning of spring.

  1. The barley harvest began immediately after the Passover which corresponds nearly with                               the end of our March.

2. God’s plan for Ruth & Naomi is unfolding

Ruth Chapter 2 Ruth Serving:

Vs 1: We see God at work.

  1. Naomi has a kinsman or a relative of her husband.
  2. His name was Boaz.

Vs 2: Ruth  humbles herself.

  1. They go to glean the corn fields.
  2. Ruth looks for grace from the owner of the fields.

Vs 3: The right of gleaning was conferred by God’s Law on the widow, the poor,

and the stranger: Leviticus 19:9 & Deuteronomy  24:19.

  1. The liberty to glean behind the reapers was not a right that could be claimed;
  2. It was a privilege granted or refused according to the good will or favor of the owner.

3. This part of the field belonged to Boaz, a relative of Naomi.

Vs 4-6: Boaz arrives on the scene.

  1. Who is this young girl?
  2. He wants to know who is in his fields.
  3. They answer: she came with Naomi.

Vs 7: Ruth pleads with Boaz to let her continue gleaning.

  1. Ruth to a break with the farm hands.
  2. She, basically, is working with the farm hands.

Vs 8-10: He tells Ruth to only glean in his fields.

  1. Boaz is protecting her = grace.
  2. Vs 9: again, grace. Ruth, a gleaner, can drink form the vessels provided for to his workers.

3. Ruth, again, humbles herself: fell on her face.

4. Ruth tells him, she doesn’t deserve such wonderful treatment; she is a stranger.                                                             Matthew 25:35: grace, mercy, compassion.

Vs 11-12: Ruth was rewarded for her kindness & compassion to her mother in law.

  1. Vs 12, a full reward is given to Ruth.
  2. II Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7-8
  3. Wings = protection and care.
  4. Referring to hens which protect and cherish their young ones under their wings.

Vs 13-19: These verses are filled with grace.

  1. Boaz allows Ruth to get more than she hoped for.

2. Romans 5:20: God gives us more than we deserve.



Old Testament Survey Book of Psalms

The Book Of Psalms

Introduction: The Psalms were the inspired prayer and praise Book of the Nation of Israel. The are revelations of Truth: not abstractly, but in terms of human experience. All of the chapters of these Psalms were set to music to worship God.

They are expressions of man’s feelings: from joy to sorrow; from happiness to depression and perplexity. They show the feelings that can arise from about every type of human experience; not just from a few thousand years ago. They can be applied to every time period; to every life and every situation.

The Book of Psalms provides for our emotions and feelings guidance – the same kind of guidance as the rest of the Bible provides for our faith and our actions. Hebrew poetry is vastly different from the poetry of our day and age.

The title “Psalms” comes from the Septuagint and it means “Songs to the accomplishment of a stringed instrument.”  Psalms means: “all metrical compositions fitted to be sung.”  There is a spiritual message in the Book of Psalms. Many times over, we see where distress and “feeling low” turns to singing and praise because the Psalmist turned to God in prayer.

The promises of the Psalms are primarily Jewish and are suited to a people under the Law. There are also spiritually true in Christian experience also, in the sense that they disclose the mind of God and the exercises of His heart toward those who are perplexed, afflicted or cast down.

Author: The Holy Spirit – I Peter 1:21

Human writers: David – Asaph – Solomon – Moses – Jehoshapat – Hezekiah – Ezra – Heman – Ethan; most were written by David.

Great Themes of this Book: are: Christ – Jehovah – the Law – Creation – future of Israel – and the exercises of a renewed heart.

For the purpose of this study, we will look at some Biblical principles as well as some selected passages and selected Psalms.

  1. Selected Passages
  2. The Words of the Lord – Psalms 12:6
  3. Only God can forgive your sin – Psalm 32:1-2 & 5
  4. vs 5 – we must acknowledge and confess
  5. then – God forgives – vs 1 & 5
  6. Psalms 34:8 – taste and see …
  7. Jesus is the “Bread of Life” He is the “Living Water”
  8. We must come to Him and receive Him as our own personal Saviour.
  9. I Peter 2:3 – taste, here, means to experience
  10. tasting, as used in this passage , is a figurative word
  11. Other passages: Psalms 34:1-3 – Psalms 51:1-4 – Psalms 55:17 – Psalms 88:1-3
  12. Psalms 91:2 and 92:1 – Psalms 100:3-5 – Psalms 103:1-4 – Psalms 118:8 – 119:9-11, 18,                           33-40 – Psalms 119:89, 97, 103, 111, 127, 140, 160


Old Testament Survey The Book Of Esther

The Book Of Esther

Introduction: This story takes place in the Persian capitol of Shushan. The time frame is between Ezra chapters 6 and 7. Esther was an orphan, the cousin of Mordecai; her name means “star” in the Persian language. This Book tells us how Israel, as a race of people, was saved from extinction.

God had a plan for His only Begotten Son, Jesus Christ, to come into this world. In that plan, He protected Israel, His chosen people. Even though Israel had been persecuted; been out of God’s will, God still would not let any nation or tyrant  kill all of them.

Remember, God has a Divine plan for you, just as He has for Israel and had for Esther. God’s plan will not fail. If you refuse to allow God to lead you and make you usable, God will use someone else instead and you will miss all the blessings, rewards and usefulness.

Central message: The providence of God. Even though Israel was out of God’s will, they were NEVER out of God’s hand.  God knew what would happen before it happened, therefore, God arranged the details of history to provide for Israel’s deliverance.

Typologies in the Book of Esther:

Jews = a type of the worldly Christian. They could have left Persia with the other Jews, but chose to remain. They preferred the worldly pleasures of Persia over doing the will of God.

Worldly wisdom made it seem as if to stay in Persia was the “thing to do.”  That decision almost brought the race of the Jews to extinction.

Haman = Plotted the extinction of the Jews: a TYPE of the “man of sin” II Thessalonians 2:3

The Antichrist will be the last and worst enemy of God’s people.

Esther = a type of Christian sold out to God. She was used by God protect Israel. She was willing to obey the Lord and do what was necessary to save Israel from destruction; even if it meant losing her own life.

Mordecai = He represents the Jewish remnant that will be preserved during the Great Tribulation Period.  He would not bow to Haman just as the Israelites will not bow to the beast of Revelation, who is typified by Haman.

Mordecai weeps, fasts and mourns as the Jews will do in the Tribulation before the Second Coming of Christ as their King.

Esther 4:15-17 … vs 16b “… if I perish, I perish.”  OR …  What will I lose by serving God?                                       She took her chances with God. She was willing to die in order to obey God.

She realized that God’s will was more important than her own will.

Esther was willing to “do the right thing” regardless of the consequences.



Old Testament Survey The Book of Nehemiah

Introduction: The children of Judah had been carried into captivity by Babylon. Some men that had gone back to Judah, had come back to Shushan; the winter residence of the King of Persia, Artaxerxes.  The Temple had been rebuilt and worship reestablished; the walls of Jerusalem was still in ruins. If the city was to survive, the walls had to be rebuilt, so God raised up Nehemiah for that task.

All of this took place about 446 B.C. … about  2,450 years ago. Nehemiah was the king’s Cup bearer – a high position. This was a high paying job; he was held in high esteem and he was very influential at his job. Nehemiah never wore a crown; never commanded an army; never conquered a country. He was not noted for oratory or philosophy; yet he was a pious, praying, man of God and he served the Lord very well. He was a greater man and more  honorable than any of the Roman consuls or dictators; greater than the Greek philosophers – such as Plato, who lived during this same time period.

Nehemiah records, in this Book, the works of his hands but the worship of his heart in the management of public affairs. From the 20th year to the 32nd year of the king, Nehemiah was governor of Judah. This is the last historical Book of the Old Testament.

  1. Rebuilding Of The Walls
  2. Nehemiah views the ruined walls – 2:11-16
  3. Nehemiah encourages the people to build the walls 2:17-20
  4. Their opponents ridicule them – 4:1-3
  5. Spiritual lessons from this part of the Book
  6. I Corinthians 16:9  God opens doors and the enemy doesn’t want you to succeed
  7. II Timothy 3:12 God’s people will suffer persecution – be ridiculed etc.
  8. Nehemiah responds by taking it to God in prayer – 4:4-6
  9. Their opponents get angry with them – 4:7-8
  10. Vs 7 – very wroth =  hot – incensed – burning up
  11. Vs 9 – Nehemiah prayed and  had a continual watch
  12. Opposition within – vs 14 – fear of the enemy
  13. God’s people were afraid which led to discouragement
  14. vs 20 – an encouragement to trust in God – faith
  15. Opposition by craftiness – chapter 6
  16. vs 2 – mischief
  17. vs 6,7 – accused of rebellion
  18. Nehemiah’s reply – vs 8
  19. The wall is completed – 15
  1. The People Revived And Reconstructed
  2. The Law was read and explained to the people – chap. 8:-12
  3. NOTE: vs 1,3,4,5,6,8,10
  4. The reading of God’s Word sparked a revival among the people
  5. Hebrews 4:12 – Word of God is ……
  6. The people fast and repent – chap. 9
  7. the Word of God should bring folks back to the God of the Word
  8. Psalms 12:6 – 119:9 & 11, 16, 18, 30, 33 – 40; 89, 97, 127, 140, 160, 164.

Spiritual message from the Book of Nehemiah: We work for the Lord in our physical labors; yet we must also have the  Word of God. People that truly work for God  will seek understanding from the Word of God. Understanding and obeying God’s Word brings joy to us as we labor for God.  Without Ezra’s  teaching and Nehemiah’s leadership, the Jewish religion and community  might not have survived.

Practical lesson from Nehemiah: Planning and organization are necessary to effectively carry out the work of God. Under Nehemiah’s reforms, a lot was accomplished through his skills of organization, in which he followed God’s guidance.



Old Testament Survey Book Of Genesis

Old Testament Studies by Dr. Charles Bonner

The Book of Genesis

Introduction: Genesis is a Book of beginnings. The human writer: Moses.

The author: The Holy Spirit

The beginning of heaven and earth

The beginning of plants and animals

human life and sin

Genesis is the beginning of everything …. except … God

It is the beginning but has no finality

The beginning of idolatry

The Book of Genesis is quoted over 60 times in the New Testament. The recorded events of the Book of Genesis cover a period of 2,315 years. It begins with Genesis 1:1   “In the beginning God …” and it closes with Genesis 50:26 “… in a coffin in Egypt.”

Genesis has five chief divisions

1. Creation

2. Fall and redemption

3 Cain, Seth and the flood

4. Flood to Babel

5. Abraham to the death of Joseph

Why study the Old Testament? Romans 15:4;  Galatians 3:24

Eight famous men of the Old Testament

1. Adam  2. Abel  3. Enoch  4. Noah  5. Abraham  6. Isaac  7. Jacob  8. Joseph

I. Creation

A. Theistic evolutionists teach God created by means of evolution.

1. this is not Bible theology nor science nor evolution

2. God created  vs 1

3. Notice several verses on God’s creation: God said = spoke

a. vs 3              c. vs 9            e. vs 20      g. vs 26

b. vs 6             d. vs 11           f. vs 24

4. Notice the divisions of days

a. vs 5  “… and the evening and the morning were the first day.”

b. vs 8    c. vs 13     d.  vs 23    e.  vs 31

5. Man – chapter 2:5  refers back to Genesis 1:27

B. The oldest profession 2:5, 15

C. The Garden was “Eastward” in Eden 2:8 or in the Eastern part of Eden.

II. God Makes Abraham A Promise Genesis 12:1-3 and 13:15-16

A. This is an unconditional promise

B. Abraham didn’t have to do anything for God to keep His promise

C. Man’s folly or impatience; lack of faith; disobedience; sin Genesis 16:1-16

D. Ishmael means “God shall hear”

E. Genesis 17:1-8; vs 15-19; vs 8 God gives Abraham & his seed, the land of Canaan

F. the Covenant is with Isaac Genesis 17:20-21

G. symbol of the Covenant – Genesis 17:10-12 – violated with Ishmael vs 25

H. God again confirms the Covenant 18:11-14

I. birth of Isaac 21:9-13

J. Synopsis of the situation

1. God tells Abram that he and his wife will have a son; they are old & she can’t have any

2. Sarai tells Abram to have a child with her maid, Hagar 16:1-2.

a. this is man running ahead of God – not waiting on God

b. this is man trying to do God’s will man’s way

c. this is sin: disobedience, immorality

d. God’s promise follows the legitimate line through Isaac – Genesis 17:21

e. the illegitimate line is Ishmael – the Arab peoples. God still made them great because

of God’s promise to Abram.

f. both peoples trace their lineage back to Abraham. Both claim God’s promise of the

land of Canaan to Abram’s seed 17:8

g. they’ve fighting over the land for centuries

h. the continual fighting and unrest is a product of man’s sin

III. Sodom And Gomorrah  Chap. 19

A. In Chapter 18, God would not destroy them if there were even 10 righteous people in

Them, vs 33. There evidently were not that many there.

B. Chapter 19 – two angels came to Sodom to see Lot. They were most likely two of the

three angels that had met with Abraham in 18:2.

1. Lot treated them hospitable – he also invited them in vs 2

2. vs 4, the men (sodomites) of Sodom, surrounded the house

3. vs 5, they wanted to perpetrate their wickedness upon the men – Lots guests

4. vs 8, Lot offers his two daughters in their place

a. shows Lot’s perversion

b. shows Lot’s disreguard & disrespect for himself, his wife and his daughters as well

as for God

5. vs 9, the sodomites tried to break in Lot’s house

6. vs 10 the men (angels) rescued Lot and smote the queers with blindness

7. vs 13-15, the angels will destroy the wicked city. Shows the power of God’s angels

8. vs 16 Lot lingered – he had become so attached to the sinful place he was living in, he

did not want to leave it.  If Lot had recognized the wickedness of the city, he would

have left it long before this time.

9. vs 16, the angels had to drag Lot and his family out of the city.

10. vs 28 the fate of the cities

11. vs 31-38 the continued sin of Lot and his family

IV. Isaac:  Chapter 25-26

A. God continues His formation of His chosen nation, Israel Chapter 25:11

B. God confirms His covenant to Isaac, that He had given to Abraham 26:3-5, 24

V. Jacob

A. Steals Esau’s Blessing; he deceives his father 27:1-25

B. Jacob receives the blessing reserved for his brother Esau 27:26-46

C. Jacob receives the Abrahamic Covenant 28:3-4; 13-14

D. Esau married into Ishmael family 28:9

E. Jacob’s name changed to Israel 32:28

1. Jacob had 12 sons

2. Jacob’s 12 sons became the 12 tribes of Israel

The Messianic Line Of Christ – Genesis 49:8-10

__________________________________________________________________________

!            !           !          !        !          !          !         !          !             !            !           !

Reuben    Simeon    Levi     Judah    Dan   Naphtali    Gad    Asher   Issachar   Zebulon    Joseph   Benjamin

29:32       29:33     29:34     29:35    30:6      30:8      30:13   30:13     30:18       30:20      30:24        35:18

 

F.  Jacob waits 14 years for his bride – he reaped what he sowed earlier

VI.  Joseph; Genesis 37-50

A. He was the oldest son of Jacob and Rachel;  Gen. 37:3

1. He was the favorite son of his father

2. Because he was favored, his brothers hated him and sold him into slavery into Egypt  Genesis 37:18-36

B. God uses Joseph and brings him to a powerful position in Egypt chapters 37-48

1. He is tested in the house of Potiphar Gen. 39:1-23

2. Joseph does the right thing, yet is framed and goes to prison; vs 7-14, 20,22

3. Pharaoh has a dream chap. 41

a. Pharaoh’s magicians could not interpret the dream; vs 8

b. Pharaoh calls for Joseph, vs 14, to interpret the dream

c. there would be 7 years of plenty and then 7 years of famine, vs 29-30

4. Pharaoh puts Joseph in charge over all the land of Egypt 41:40-44

C. Joseph’s brothers come to Egypt to buy corn; chapter 42

D. Joseph tells his brothers who he really is chapter 45

E. God took something evil and made something good from it; Genesis  50:20

 

Joseph is one of the most complete types of Christ in the Old Testament

                       Similarities                                                       Joseph                        Christ

 

Both were beloved of their fathers                                      Gen37:3                Matt. 3:17; 17:5

Both were sold by their own                                               Gen. 37:27-28         Matt. 26:15

Both were taken to Egypt                                                    Gen. 37:26              Matt. 2:14-15

Both were falsely accused                                                    Gen. 39:13-15        Matt. 26:59-60

Both had two fellow sufferers,                                             Gen. 40:20-21        Luke 23:39-43

one was saved and one condemned

Both were exalted after suffering                                         Gen. chap. 39-41   Phil. 2:7-9