FAITH – HOPE – FORGIVENESS by Growing Older


The Book of Ruth – FIRST 2 Chapters

Introduction: The Book of Ruth is one of two Books of the Bible that has the name of a woman: Esther is the other one. Ruth is about a kind woman; a Moabite, Gentile, that marries a Hebrew. This story takes place during the Judges. The timeline for Ruth is about the time of Judges chapter 3 and 4.

Ruth is the widow of Mahlon, the son of Elimelech Naomi.

What does Ruth represent? Ruth 4:17 & 22: she symbolically brings all non Jews (gentiles) into the line of Messiah.   Matthew 1:5. This means that the Gospel is for ALL people, not just a certain group of people.

CENTRAL  MESSAGE: The Kinsman Redeemer

Divisions of the Book of Ruth

  1. Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
  2. Her response, serving: chap. 2
  3. Her request: chap. 3
  4. Her reward: chap. 4

The reward of love: Ruth received a reward for her Godly love towards her mother in law. The reward was the kinsman redeemer; Boaz. Boaz is a picture or a type of Christ, our kinsman redeemer.

I.Requirement Of The Kinsman Redeemer

A. He MUST be willing: Lev. 25:25, Galatians 4:4-5

B. He MUST have the RIGHT to redeem: Lev. 25:48-49

C. He MUST have the POWER to redeem: Ruth 4:4-6, John 10:15-18.

II. Application To Christ

A. The unnamed kinsman: Ruth 4:6 represents the Law.

The Law is just and right but shows no love nor mercy.

B.The kinsman redeemer represents Christ, the expression of God’s love and mercy.

Gal. 3:13-14; Gal. 4:4-5

C. Christ was the only one willing and had the right and power to redeem us; both Jews and Gentiles.

Chapter 1

I. Decisions have to be made. In your life & mine, we each have decisions to make.

A. Decisions should be made after searching the Word of God and much prayer.

B. The important thing is to find God’s perfect will for each of our lives.

II. Elimelech was married to Naomi, Vs 2.

A. They had 2 sons & 2 daughter’s in law.

B. Vs 3 Elimelech dies leaving his wife without a means of support.

C. Vs 5: The 2 sons also die.

D. Vs 5-7, Naomi decides to return to Moab

E. Vs 8-9, Naomi decides her 2 daughter’s in law should go home.

     1. In Moab, as well as in Israel, widows were to dwell with their parents.

2. The women, in Moab, also had apartments distinct from the men, where the daughters lived with their                   mothers, and the sons lived with their fathers.

F. Vs 9, they wanted to stay with Naomi.

G. Vs 11-13, Naomi reasons with them.

      1. She has no more sons.

2. She is to old to have any more sons.

3. Even if she could, these women would not wait for them to be old enough to marry.                                                 4. In other words, Naomi basically tells them not to waste their time or their years on her.

H. Vs 14: Ruth & Orpah have made their decisions.                                                                                                               Orpah chose the way of false gods.

I. Vs 15, 16, 17: Ruth chose to stay with Naomi.

J. Vs 18-19: It caused a stir when Naomi arrived.

  1. She was well known & well liked by the people there.

2. Naomi had been gone for about 10 years.

3. When she now comes home, she is changed or different than when she left.

K. Vs 20: Call me not Naomi, call me Mara.

  1. Naomi means pleasant.

2. Mara means bitter, sorrowful, grief & pain.

3. She had lost her husband and her two sons in a strange land.

4. Naomi went from a woman who was well provided for and had plenty, to a woman who                                               now has no material wealth at all.

L. Vs 21: She went out full: husband, 2 sons, property, etc.

  1. Now she is empty = lost it all, death & cost of living.

2. God brought her back home.

3. There is a reason why God brought Naomi back home.

4. Naomi is a chastened believer; she blames God for her losses.

M. Vs 22: Beginning of barley harvest = beginning of spring.

  1. The barley harvest began immediately after the Passover which corresponds nearly with                               the end of our March.

2. God’s plan for Ruth & Naomi is unfolding

Ruth Chapter 2 Ruth Serving:

Vs 1: We see God at work.

  1. Naomi has a kinsman or a relative of her husband.
  2. His name was Boaz.

Vs 2: Ruth  humbles herself.

  1. They go to glean the corn fields.
  2. Ruth looks for grace from the owner of the fields.

Vs 3: The right of gleaning was conferred by God’s Law on the widow, the poor,

and the stranger: Leviticus 19:9 & Deuteronomy  24:19.

  1. The liberty to glean behind the reapers was not a right that could be claimed;
  2. It was a privilege granted or refused according to the good will or favor of the owner.

3. This part of the field belonged to Boaz, a relative of Naomi.

Vs 4-6: Boaz arrives on the scene.

  1. Who is this young girl?
  2. He wants to know who is in his fields.
  3. They answer: she came with Naomi.

Vs 7: Ruth pleads with Boaz to let her continue gleaning.

  1. Ruth to a break with the farm hands.
  2. She, basically, is working with the farm hands.

Vs 8-10: He tells Ruth to only glean in his fields.

  1. Boaz is protecting her = grace.
  2. Vs 9: again, grace. Ruth, a gleaner, can drink form the vessels provided for to his workers.

3. Ruth, again, humbles herself: fell on her face.

4. Ruth tells him, she doesn’t deserve such wonderful treatment; she is a stranger.                                                             Matthew 25:35: grace, mercy, compassion.

Vs 11-12: Ruth was rewarded for her kindness & compassion to her mother in law.

  1. Vs 12, a full reward is given to Ruth.
  2. II Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7-8
  3. Wings = protection and care.
  4. Referring to hens which protect and cherish their young ones under their wings.

Vs 13-19: These verses are filled with grace.

  1. Boaz allows Ruth to get more than she hoped for.

2. Romans 5:20: God gives us more than we deserve.

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Old Testament Survey The Book Of Ruth

Introduction: The Book of Ruth is one of two Books of the Bible that has the name of a woman: Esther is the other one. Ruth is about a kind woman; a a Moabite, Gentile, that marries a Hebrew. This story takes place during the Judges. The timeline for Ruth is about the time of Judges chapter 3 and 4.
Ruth is the widow of Mahlon, the son of Elimelech Naomi.

What does Ruth represent? Ruth 4:17 & 22 – she symbolically brings all non Jews (gentiles) into the line of Messiah – Matthew 1:5. This means that the Gospel is for ALL people, not just a certain group of people.

CENTRAL MESSAGE: The Kinsman Redeemer
Divisions of the Book of Ruth
A. Choice – chap. 1

B. Response – chap. 2

C. Request – chap. 3

D. Reward – chap. 4

The reward of love: Ruth received a reward for her Godly love towards her mother in law. The reward was the kinsman redeemer: Boaz whois a picture or a type of Christ, our kinsman redeemer.

I. Requirement Of The Kinsman Redeemer
A. He MUST be willing; Lev. 25:25 – Galatians 4:4-5
B. He MUST have the RIGHT to redeem; Lev. 25:48-49
C. He MUST have the POWER to redeem; Ruth 4:4-6 – John 10:15-18

II. Application To Christ
A. The unnamed kinsman; Ruth 4:6 represents the Law – it is just and right but shows no
love nor mercy
B. The kinsman redeemer represents Christ – the expression of God’s love and mercy
Gal. 3:13-14 – Gal. 4:4-5
C. Christ was the only one willing and had the right and power to redeem us – both Jews and
Gentiles



NOTES On John’s Gospel: Chapter #4

John Chapter #4

John  4:7  The “Living water asks for a drink.”

John 4:9 – Jews have no dealings with the Samaritans = over the years, they were not friendly towards the Jews; there was a lot of animosity toward each other.

Because of their defective devotion to Judaism and their partly pagan ancestry, the Samaritans were despised by ordinary Jews. Because the Samaritans were sometimes hostile, and also the fact that a Jew believed that he could become contaminated by passing through Samaritan territory, Jews who were traveling from Judea to Galilee or vice versa would cross over the Jordan river and avoid Samaria by going through Transjordan, and cross back over the river again once they had reached their destination.

The Samaritans often taunted the Jews. They rejected all of the Old Testament except the Pentateuch, and they claimed to have an older copy than the Jews and boast that they observe the precepts better.

The Jews repaid them with hatred. They rejected the Samaritan copy of the law and publicly denounced that Samaritans were of any Jewish birth (John 4:12).
– The Samaritan was publicly cursed in their synagogues.

– He could not serve as a witness in the Jewish courts.

– He could not be converted to Judaism as a proselyte.

– He was excluded from the after life.”

John 4:14

Vs 14 – A beautiful figure of the joy in Christ. In heat, in cold; in drought, in shower; in prosperity, in adversity;   it still springs up, cheering and  it refreshes the soul, and  it will from the time you are saved  and throughout all eternity

He says, “I am the life” [John 11:25; 14:6]; “Come to me, ye that labor and are  heavy laden, and I will give you rest” [Mt 11:28];  “I am the bread of life” [John 6:35,48];  “He that believeth on me shall never thirst” [John 6:35].

Vs 14 – Water in him … springing up …. = a continual source … it NEVER runs dry.

Springing up = bubbling  up like a fountain … not like a stagnant pool.

John 4:15

1. “Give me this water… “  She did not, as yet, understand what Jesus meant; but this made her curious, and that is exactly what Jesus wanted.

2. “The woman said …” It may seem strange that the woman did not understand Jesus, but it shows how slow sinners are to understand the Gospel.

3. This woman was looking for an easier way & less daily work. She had not, as yet, grasped the last part of verse 14;  “… into everlasting life.”

John 4:16

Men of the first century rarely spoke to women at all.  In fact, women at the time and in that culture were considered property and were not given any social status.  Jesus told her to go & call her husband to come there:

1. To make the woman consider her own state.

2. To show her that he knew her heart, as well as the secret actions of her life.

3. His object, here, was to lead her to consider her own state and sinfulness–a delicate and yet pungent way of making her see that she was a sinner.

4. Before she could be saved = partake of the “Living Water”, she had to know or admit that she was a sinner.

John 4:28:  The woman left her water pot …

Typology = She left her burdens behind; she laid them down and traded the water of  Jacob’s Well for the “Living Water.”

Verse 14 The “Living Water” was springing up with in her: She testified of that fact.

This woman was “acquainted” with many men of the city.

She goes to her old crowd and testifies of the saving Grace of  Jesus = he is the Messiah

John 4:29: Her simple testimony to these men, led them to go and seek Jesus.



“MOTHER’S DAY”

THE SINCERE FAITH OF MOTHERS

II Timothy 1:2-5

Introduction: Mothers can have a tremendous influence on their children, and greatly motivate them

Abraham Lincoln once said, “All that I am, or hope to be, I owe to my angel mother.”

Ralph Waldo Emerson, the American poet, said, “Men are what their mothers made them.”

Daniel Webster, the American lawyer and politician, claimed that his masterful use of the English language was the result of his mother’s teaching.   Many great men and women owe their greatness to great mothers.

Mothers can have a tremendous impact in many areas of their children’s lives, especially in the area of spiritual growth

We can buy them a card – take them out to eat – buy some flowers etc. ALL greatly appreciated; BUT …. is it enough for JUST ONE TIME A YEAR?????

Evangelist D. L. Moody attributed all of his accomplishments to the influence of his mother.

Mother’s took care of us when we were helpless; they brought us into this world. Mothers sacrificed for us; they guided us through childhood.

I.  The Spiritual Influence of Mother’s and Grandmother’s

A. The Bible teaches that mothers can have a tremendous spiritual impact on their children

II Timothy 1:5

1. Timothy was an effective missionary, pastor, and evangelist

3. His accomplishments for the Lord, were, in part, due to the influence of his mother and grandmother

4. His mother and grandmother laid a sure spiritual foundation, on which young Timothy could build and develop his own spiritual life

5. they shaped his heart and mind, and prepared him for the work that the Lord had ordained for him

7. Timothy was not a self-made man, but he was nurtured on the knees of his mother, and at the feet of his grandmother

B. Paul took note of the sincerity of Timothy’s faith

1. The word “unfeigned” means not hypocritical

2. Paul identified Timothy’s faith as a genuine faith, the real thing, as opposed to a pretended faith. Sincere faith is the only true faith

3. He contrasts this kind of faith with an empty, temporary, or ineffectual faith by some. I Timothy 1:18-20

C. Timothy’s sincere faith had its roots in his  Godly heritage

1. Timothy had a spiritual family history

(a) his grandmother and mother laid the spiritual foundation for his faith

(b) his believing grandmother and mother, instructed him in the OT Scriptures, which prepared him for salvation

2. Not much is said about Timothy’s father. except that he was apparently an unbeliever –

Acts 16:1.  His mother’s faith shielded him from negative social influences on him so that in due time, a similar faith would spring up in Timothy

3. Godly heritage is vitally important, and has a priceless value and worth, in the lives of children

(a) the way moms and dads live their lives in the home, and the testimony they present to their family, has long-lasting effects on the lives of their children

(b) moms and dads can be a Godly  model for their children so that our children can be drawn to the Lord and receive Christ as their own personal Saviour

4. Our Godly heritage can be passed on to our children

(a) it is the greatest gift, as well as the supreme legacy, that we can give to our children.

(b)  material goods fail;  money never lasts; position and status will disappear, but a Godly heritage lives on

II.   The Salvation Of Children

A. Moms can have a tremendous ministry to their children, and it is never too late to start

1. moms and dads should take time to minister to their children

2. we live very busy lives, but if we view this as important, we can make the time to exert some spiritual influence on our children

3. will it matter if they do well financially in this world, but are spiritually poor

4. will we, when we stand before the Lord, have to wipe tears of regret from our eyes, for wrong emphasis, focus, and direction we provided our children

B. Many Christians have come to a saving knowledge of Christ, through the Godly witness and  testimony of their mother

III. Preparing Children for Christian service

A. Mothers can be instrumental in guiding their children

1. the highest vocation is that of Christian service

2. some Christians may not share this conviction

3. moms and dads often have grand dreams of their children becoming lawyers, doctors, politicians, etc.

4. I wonder  how many Christian parents have the desire for their son or daughter to enter into Lord’s work?

B. Parents should be proud of their children, when they enter into the Lord’s work; and parents  can be instrumental in guiding their children into that work

C. Let’s thank the Lord for our mothers, and for their faith  to greatly inspire us

Conclusion:  Let us pay honor to our mothers by serving the Lord.  Honor your mother by living a Christian life; by being an example to others.

Honor your mother by receiving Christ as your personal Saviour.