Old Testament Survey Isaiah

Introduction: In the Old Testament, we can group the Books into approximately three different categories. Genesis through Esther is history; Job through Song of Solomon is poetry; while Isaiah through Malachi is prophecy.

We are now at the Old Testament writings by the prophets. There are 17 in number and generally divided into 5 Major Prophets and 12 Minor Prophets. They are not called “major” or “minor” prophets because some are more important than others. They are referred to such because of the amount of material in each Book. The Books of poetry were written during the golden age of Israel; the Books of prophecy were written during days of apostasy in Israel.

Definition of a prophet: derived from a verb signifying “to bubble forth” like a fountain; hence the word means one who announces or pours forth the declarations of God. A spokesman; speaker. They were authoritative and influential men of God. They were direct spokesmen of God; they received their messages directly from God and preached them to the people. Therefore, “prophet” means: one who speaks for another. When put in proper context, we will know if that spokesman is speaking for God or for some man or some other deity; Numbers 12:6-8 Deuteronomy 13:1-5 – II Peter 1:21.

Matthew 11:13 – Luke 16:16: Prophets …. until John. “Until” is a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place): (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to. The prophets lasted until the time of John the Baptist. “The law and the prophets were in force until John: from that time the Gospel takes place; and humble upright men receive it with inexpressible earnestness,” John Wesley.

The prophets taught, or continued to instruct.  They were the instructors concerning the Christ who was to come. John the Baptist came and showed that all the predictions of the Messiah, were now about to be fully and finally accomplished; for Christ was now revealed. There was 400 silent years between the closing of the Old Testament Books and the beginnings of the Gospel. John the Baptist is clearly New Testament and NOT an Old Testament prophet. Today, those who call themselves prophets are not “God called” but “self-called.”

Central message of Isaiah: Jehovah is supreme Ruler and the ONLY Saviour.

Author: The Holy Spirit of God  Human writer: The Prophet Isaiah

Chronological Order Of The Prophets: According to Ussher

  1. Prophets Before The Exile
  2. Jonah to Nineveh – 862 B.C.
  3. To the 10 Tribes of Israel
  4. Amos – 787 B.C.
  5. Hosea – 785 – 725 B.C.
  6. Obadiah – 887 B.C.
  7. Joel – 800 B.C.
  8. To Judah
  9. Isaiah – 760 – 698 B.C.
  10. Micah – 750 – 710 B.C.
  11. Nahum – 713 B.C.
  12. Habakkuk 626 B.C.
  13. Zephaniah – 630 B.C.
  14. Jeremiah – 629 – 588 B.C.
  15. Prophets During The Exile
  16. Ezekiel – 595 – 574 B.C.
  17. Daniel – 607 – 534 B.C.

III. Prophets After The Exile

A. Haggai – 520 B.C.

B. Zechariah – 520 – 518 B.C.

C. Malachi – 397 B.C.

IV. The Book Of Isaiah Shows Absolute Proof that Christ Is God

A. Isaiah 19:20; 43:3, 11; 45:15, 21; 49:26, 60:16, 63:8

B. Isaiah 53 is direct and obvious prophecies of Christ

C. There are many New Testament Scriptures that make it obvious that Jesus Christ is the                                                     Saviour; the ONE spoken about by the Prophet Isaiah

1. Luke 1:47; 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 5:31, 13:23; Philippians 3:20; II Timothy 1:10

2. Titus 1:3-4; 2:10-13; 3:4-6; II Peter 1:1,11; 2:20; 3:2,18; I John 4:14

V. The Lowliness Of The Messiah’s Arrival

  1. Isaiah 53:2
  2. He did not come as the Jews expected Him to come
  3. No political deliverance
  4. no great ceremony befitting a King
  5. born to a carpenter’s family
  6. born to a family of Northern Galilee; a place and family from which nothing was expected
  7. a “root out of dry ground” Isaiah 53:2 – Romans 15:12
  8. dry ground – where no one would expect it to grow – before unbelieving Jews
  9. root – Vs 1 – “the arm of the Lord is revealed.                                                                                                                     (1) the same Hebrew for the above is used in Genesis 3:15 – Christ is the seed                                                         (2) roots have no beauty in them                                                                                                                                         (3) the root is that of a decayed tree springing up into a new tree – Isaiah 11:1                                                       “tender plant” – “a suckling” Job 14:7 – a young shoot springing up from old stock
  10. No form or comeliness – beauty
  11. magnificence, ornament or splendor: beauty, excellency, glorious, glory, goodly, honor,                                    majesty.
  12. the beauty of Christ was moral; holiness; love etc.
  13. this is an inward beauty and not outward.

VI. He Suffered For Us

  1. Isaiah 53:4-5 “… He was wounded for our transgressions.” I Peter 2:24
  2. He took in our place; our sufferings, it was God’s will I John 4:10
  3. He was / is guiltless = sinless: Isaiah 53:9; I Peter 2:22; Luke 23:1-22
  4. He made His grave with the wicked – Isaiah 53:9
  5. He was crucified between two thieves – Matthew 27:38
  6. “with the rich …”  Joseph of Arimathea – Matthew 27:57-60 and Nicodemus – John 19:38-42
  7. He was made an offering for sin – Isaiah 53:10
  8. Isaiah 53:12 – He was numbered with the transgressors’ – Matthew 27:38 – two thieves
  9. He bare the sins of many – Isaiah 53:12 – Matt. 26:28 – Hebrews 9:28
  10. He made intercession for the transgressors – Romans 8:34 – Hebrews 7:25                                                              a. He constantly presents the merits of his death as a reason why we should be saved.                                            b. The precise mode, however, in which he makes intercession in heaven for his people is not                                     revealed. The general meaning is, that he undertakes their cause, and assists them in                                               overcoming their foes and in their endeavors to live a holy life. (Barnes)                                                                c. I John 2:1 – an advocate – one who has undertaken, and is fully able, to plead in behalf                                              of  every one who applies for pardon and salvation in his name, depending on his                                                      pleading for them. (Matthew Henry)

Notes Gospel Of John Chapter 12 vs #3

Mary’s Alabaster Box Verse 3

Three times, in the Gospels, we read of Mary of Bethany. Each time, she is sitting at the Master’s feet.

1. Luke 10:38-39: Mary was at the feet of Jesus listening at what Jesus was teaching. Vs 42: Needful = demanded; required; necessary. Martha’s service which allowed Mary to hear the Word.

2. John 11:32: Mary fell at Jesus feet. This was when Lazarus had died.

3. John 12:1-3. Mary breaks the precious alabaster box, adoringly, at the feet of Jesus. Matthew 26:7; Mark 14:3 & Luke 7:37 records it as the “alabaster” box. Alabaster = a perfume vase of any material.

John 12:3 calls the contents: “spikenard.” This was the oil or perfume of a very costly plant of East India. It was very fragrant. A pound, in that day & time, was 12 ounces. It was expensive.

From these three glimpses of Mary of Bethany, we can see a three-fold example to learn from.

1. Mary sat at Jesus feet, to learn: Luke 10:39

2. Mary took her grief to the feet of Jesus: John 11:32 3. She gave her best while at the feet of Jesus: John 12:3

3. In this third example: John 12:3; we have an excellent example of consecration to Christ. In this story, we have five very prominent figures: Martha; Mary; Judas; Lazarus; Jesus.

Busy Martha typifies service. Lazarus eating, typifies communion with the Lord.

Mary typifies consecration to the Lord. Judas typifies the world’s attitude towards consecration.

Jesus represents the Divine attitude.

The act of Mary, bringing her precious ointment to the feet of Jesus, illustrates consecration in the following:

1. It was costly

2. It involved being broken

3. It was fragrant

4. It was discerning, verse 7.

5. It was misunderstood by others.

6. It was prized by the Lord and He blessed it.  Judas represents the worldly attitude of condemnation: why the waste? Mark 14:4; John 12:5-6. Why not sell it & give it to the poor? This was a false and hypocritical statement. Judas stands condemned by history as well as by Christ.

The Lord represents the divine attitude.  Jesus praised Mary’s sacrifice: Matthew 26:10. Good = valuable; virtuous; honest; worthy.

Consecration: True consecration to Christ makes the Christian life simple.

1. It leaves the management of it to the Lord.

2. It also unifies because it bends all our motives and activities in one aim (controlled by the Lord), to please Him.

3. It purifies life because it gets rid of all the things that He disapproves of in our lives.

4. It amplifies life because it gives the divine will a spacious fulfillment through the believer so that we will uplift Him.

5. It glorifies life because it makes the believer a blessing to others and a praise to the Lord.

Above all else, the consecration that the Lord desires of us; far more than our service; prayers; time; talents; money; is when we think of all the unsaved people around us. Recognize our need to be a witness; a light house; to give forth the Gospel; to endeavor to win the unsaved to Christ.

Are all Christians consecrated? The answer is no.

Do they desire to be consecrated? The answer is yes.

Why are not all Christians consecrated? For a Christian to completely hand over everything to the Lord, is a hard thing to do. It deals with the self centered ego in the life of the Christian. Some may give up certain sins is somewhat tolerable to many.

To give up self-management; self motives; grudges; plans; and self-everything is utterly unbearable to our Adam sin nature. The resistance by the devil and the world and even other Christians is the supporting factor in this.

John 12:3: the act of Mary pouring out this very expensive fragrance, was the form in which Mary’s love to Christ, at so much cost to herself, poured her love out. This was Mary’s grand testimonial of love. She thought that nothing was too good for her Lord. She brought him the best she had, for her love was generous.

Notes On The Gospel of John Chapter 1 Part #2 Vs 6-8

The Ministry and witness of John The Baptist

John 1:6-8

Vs 6 – “a man” = a mere man who came and told of Jesus who “was with God and that He was God.  John was a great man, but he was a man, a son of man; he was sent from God, he was God’s messenger: Malachi 3:1.  He was a witness, John 1:7-8.

John was not “that” light; he testified and gave witness to the only “true” light of the world.

John 1:9-10; Isaiah 49:6.

God gave John the Baptist both his mission and his message;

both his credentials and his instructions.

We do not find where John performed a miracle; had visions and revelations.

He was a man, sent from God: his name was John. “Sent from God” indicates the person and function of a prophet.

John The Baptist Gives Witness to and about Jesus Christ

John 1:15 – “My Successor is my Superior, for He was my Predecessor.”

John 1:16, “grace for grace,” This is where “joy” and “cross” are balanced against each other.

Hebrews 12:2: Here the picture is “grace” taking the place of “grace,” like the manna fresh each morning, new grace for the new day and the new service.

Grace for grace may mean much grace; superlative favors bestowed on man; favors superior to all that had been under the law: superior to all other things that God can confer on men. These favors consist in pardon, redemption, protection, sanctification, peace here, and heaven hereafter.

Ephesians 1:6-8; Ephesians 2:5-9

John 1:17 – The law was force; the grace and truth of Jesus Christ are love and light.

The Law was a shadow of what was coming: Colossians 2:16-17;                Hebrews 10:1.

The Law condemns while God’s grace saves: Galatians 3:24.

The authority of John The Baptist’s Testimony, John 1:19-22

Vs 23- John said that he was “the voice.” Isaiah 40:3-5, Matthew 3:3.

The word “Voice” gives the idea of disclosure. John “disclosed” that Jesus was the Christ.

John’s baptism, John 1:25-28

Vs 25 – they demand: What right do you have to baptize? The Jews knew there should be some change in religion under the Messiah.

Vs 25: NOTE: Their perplexity shows that the baptismal rite was new to them. There is no proof that Jewish proselyte baptism of Gentile converts existed at this period, save the assertion of the Talmud, written two or three centuries after this. Josephus, who wrote in the time of the apostles, is silent about it.

John 1:29 – Jesus, The Lamb of God is what takes away the sin; it was not the baptism.

Baptism is symbolic of what took place when a believer repents and receives Jesus as Savior.

Matthew 3:16 Jesus is baptized: He is God, without sin.

This was symbolic of His death, burial & resurrection; John 1:32-33.

Matthew 3:11, the word “unto.” The Greek word “eis” is used here.

It is figurative indicating that John baptized people because their sins had already been forgiven. The ordinance of baptism is symbolic as to what the new believer had done with Christ.

Same word is used in Acts 2:38: ‘for” = “eis.”  Romans 6:3-5.

John preached repentance, Matthew 3:8; Jesus preached the same message, Matthew 9:13.

John baptized Christ

John 3:22, Jesus was baptizing

John 3:23, John the Baptist was also baptizing there.

John gives his last testimony of Jesus.

Vs 28, 30, 34-36.

“Visit Of The Magi”

                                     Matthew 2 – Visit Of The Magi

Vs 1 – Micah 5:2 – Bethlehem was about six miles southwest of Jerusalem.

           From the East – Persia or Arabia

           Wise men – gentiles. They were scholars.

           “Magi,” a term which designates an order of priests and philosophers which belonged originally to Persia and Media, and who were extensively distributed over the region of the Euphrates.

Vs 2 – They saw His star – In the East is where they were when they say it.

          His star – Among the ancients, the appearance of a star or comet was regarded as an omen of some remarkable event. Perhaps they knew the prophecy of Numbers 24:17.

          Come to worhip – not necessarily a religious worship. This was the mode in which homage was paid to earthly kings; and this they wished to pay to the new-born King of the Jews.

Vs 3 – Herod was troubled – Herod had obtained the kingdom by great crimes, and by shedding much blood. He was, therefore, easily alarmed by any remarkable appearances; and the fact that this star appeared, and since it was regarded as proof that the King of the Jews was born, alarmed him.   Besides, it was a common expectation that the Messiah was about to appear, and Herod feared that his reign was about to come to an end.

         Jerusalem was troubled – Herod, fearing rivalry, put to death three of his sons, and several other men and women.  The whole city was upset because the people knew only too well what he could do when in a rage over the thought of another rival.

Vs 4 – Chief priests and scribes – the heads of the four and twenty courses of the priests and the High priest and his deputy.

         Scribes -transcribers of the Law and they read the Law in the synagogue. Later, they became  interpreters of the law and referred to as lawyers.

Vs 5 – Written by the prophet – Micah 5:2. They answered without hesitation.   700 yrs before this, the prophecy was written and the priests and scribes knew it.  Yet, we find no evidence that these men went to Bethlehem to try and find the Messiah

Vs 6 – Bethlehem …Juda – This distinguishes it from Bethlehem, in the tribe of Zebulon

          Not the least – this distinction lifts it from the lowest to the highest rank.  Out of a small city comes a new King – the Messiah.

          Rule – to tend as a shepherd – to feed

Vs 7 – When did star appear? – This would give Herod clue as to the age of the new “King”

Vs 8 –  Herod wants to worship Him – What hypocrisy here. He only wished to find the child that he might murder him. He sent the wise men that they might actually see him, and bring him word.

Vs 8 – Wicked men often hide their evil motives under the appearance of religion. They attempt to deceive those who are really good, and to make them think that they have the same belief. But God cannot be deceived, and He will bring them to punishment.

Vs 9 – The star took them to Jerusalem on route to Bethlehem.. The wise men perhaps thought that a “King” would be born in a Palace; that’s why they went there first.   The star guided them to the house where Jesus was.

          A real or ordinary star would have stood indiscriminately over every house in Bethlehem, and would have been no aid whatever toward finding the right child.

          Stood over where … they were guided by it to the exact spot by His star.

Vs 10 When they saw starStanding over where the child was.

          They rejoiced – their search was complete – they found what they had been looking for; success. A  Saviour was found.

Vs 11 – Came into house – they place where they lived.  Jesus was now about two years old.

          They fell down and worshipped Him – (fell down) This was the usual way of showing respect or homage among the Jews.  Worshipped – paid  homage & showed reverence.

          They worshipped Him – not Mary but Jesus

          Gifts – The people of the East never approach the presence of kings and great personages, without a present in their hands. 

          Frankincense was an aromatic used in sacrificial offerings: It was fragrant when burned, and was, used in worship, where it was burned as a pleasant offering to God.

          Myrrh was used in perfuming ointments.  The name denotes bitterness, and was given to it on account of its great bitterness. It was used chiefly in embalming the dead, because it had the property of preserving them from putrefaction.

          Gold showed that the Magi were affluent & was a usual offering to a king. These offerings were made because they were the most valuable which their country produced. They were tokens of respect and homage which they paid to the new-born King of the Jews.  These offerings would be used in the long and expensive trip to Egypt, by Joseph and Mary, and to help with their living expenses in Egypt.

“The Text Of Text”

                                                              John 3:16

                                     “He gave His only begotten Son”

 Introduction: There is no sweeter verse in the Bible. It declares:

A. That God is love

B. That He loved the world instead of hating it

C. He so loves that He gave His Son. Jesus did not come to appease the Father’s wrath, but He came because God loved so well.

D. He came to keep mankind from perishing.

 I. If we could measure the love of God, we would have to measure it by Calvary.

   A. The measure of love is always its willingness to “give.”

   B. The measure of love is its capacity for sacrifice.

   C. In our text – the word “for” = a primary particle used in argumentation – explanation or intensification …   It denotes that there is NO DOUBT.

   D. There is no doubt about God’s love.   He “so loved” = on this fashion or in like manner.  This teaches us that – there is NO DOUBT about the love of God … He proved His love for us  “in this fashion” – He GAVE His only begotten Son.

 II. God’s love is revealed in His giving

     A. His giving is beyond all measure

     B. We will never know what Calvary cost God

     C. We will never know the love that lay behind the Cross of Calvary

 III. Here we see the “oneness” of God the Father & God the Son

      A. In giving the Son, the Father gave Himself

      B. II Corinthians 5:19 (God was in Christ)

 IV. Jesus was not just an agent that God used to send a message that He loves us

      A. Jesus IS God Himself & God came to earth to love us

      B. He just does not expound the love of God – He IS the love of God

      C. God “so loved” = so freely – so fully – so sublimely

 V.  Think of How God the Father gave up His Son on the Cross

      A. He incorporated the human nature into His Divine being.

      B. This was done by a real human birth

      C. Language now breaks down … Such love is beyond our words

      D. God loved us in such a way that words cannot express

 VI. Christmas is close by

      A. In our minds and hearts .. we cannot separate His birth at Bethlehem  from His death at Calvary.   We cannot separate the cradle from the Cross

      B. Without the virgin birth, there never would have been an atonement  And without the atonement, there never would have been a virgin birth

 Conclusion: The greatest thing that we can know about God is John 3:16 “For God so loved …”

I John 4:19 – Romans 5:6-8.

To experience God’s love is to FIRST, receive Him as Saviour.  That is done by simple believing FAITH.

If you are saved – you experience God’s love John 14:15 & 17 – this is by serving, trusting, obeying, walking in His steps etc.

“The Wonder Of Wonders”

                                                            John 3:16

                                      “He gave His only begotten Son”

 Introduction:  The word “gave” means “gave up.”  God gave His Son to the world;

But also for the world. We must think & realize just how horrible our sin is to require such a sacrifice, as God revealed to us, in the flesh of mankind.

 I. His Giving Was A Free Gift

   A. We don’t deserve it

   B. We have no claim on it

   C. It pleased God to give Himself, as Jesus, to die in our place & for our sins – I John 3:1

 II. The Magnitude Of The Gift

     A. John 3:16 “He gave  …… Son.”

     B. Its unending reach: He gave to a sinful world – Romans 5:8

     C. God’s gift is impartial – ANYONE can receive it – Romans 10:13

 III. God’s Gift Has Limits

      A. Love is a mutual and binding grace between God and mankind

      B. He will save ALL who come to Him by faith and receive Him

      C. The limit = He will not save those who refuse Him – John 3:18 =  the limit is set by us

 IV. No Greater Gift Was Ever Given

      A. He left the beauty and greatness of His Father’s throne – for a stable in Bethlehem

      B. The Infinite became an infant

      C. He left the riches of  Glory for poverty on earth

      D. He was tempted in every way that we are – hunger, grief, sadness, heartbreak

      E. He suffered the shame of being beaten – spit on – A crown of thorns & iron spikes and a deadly spear

      F.  He tasted death for you and me.  Jesus, the One without sin – became our sin bearer

      G. He came – He toiled – He hungers and thirsts

           He weeps – He suffers – He bleeds and dies

           “For God so loved the world, that He gave (gave up) His only begotten Son

 Conclusion: God’s giving is different than ours. We tend to give so we can get – God gives so we can get. God gives out of pure love.  Our giving has limits (how much we can pay) God’s giving has no limits.

We usually give to friends.  God gives to those who really don’t care about Him, Romans 5:6.

We give and want folks to appreciate our efforts and the gift we gave them.

God offers His gift to those who don’t appreciate it & don’t even realize their need for it.

Such Love – Such giving – the greatest gift of all.

“Peace On Earth”

Introduction: Christmas will soon be upon us. “Peace on earth; good will toward men,” is the message. To some, it is just a symbolism of an annual festivity.  Others will ponder the mystery of divine love which Christmas really is.

 1. Yet, there is the striking contrast between “Peace on earth, good will toward men” and the present state of this world and our country.             – It is filled with strife – ill will – international suspicions and cooked politicians.

  – There is friction and factions – fears, unrest and war.

    – the irony is this: The cure for all the worlds ills and this nation’s ills,  lies wrapped up in swaddling clothes.

    -The babe in the manger of Bethlehem came to seek and to save that which was lost.

2. The nations of the world need to stop and listen to the angels of Bethlehem.  Millions of people with broken hearts – broken homes – living in war torn areas of this world need to go to Bethlehem.

3. If the great Christian religions of this world, had kept true to the word of God, true to the Jesus Christ of the Bible, how different would our country and this world be today.  This is not a pathetic appeal but the tragic truth.

    The problem we have is that the people of this world and the leaders of this world, have, rejected the babe in the manger – the Christ of the Bible – the King of Kings – the Lord of Lords.  In Matthew 1:21 “And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.”

    Here, this great Christmas story teaches us – the babe in the manger came to save our souls

 –  Save us from our sins. What a wonderful gift to receive this Christmas  the Gift of God’s love – forgiveness and salvation.

4. Luke 2:14 “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.”    There will never be peace on earth until there is first “Glory to God in the highest.”

5. The application is a direct one to all of us: Each of us should try to bring “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.”    Bring it into our social lives – our work – our families – our friends and neighbors.

6. Luke 2:15 (read) shepherds “let us go NOW) = they came to Jesus VS 16  with haste  (They didn’t wait or procrastinate).   If you are a Christian – will you come to Jesus and ask His help? Believe in Him as your pray and ask? Will you live for Jesus and share Him with others?

 When will you come to Jesus? He waits for you, even now. To come with haste and to receive His wonderful gift – to have your sins forgiven – to have salvation – to find peace in your heart and rest for your soul. The shepherds came with haste – they came as soon as they found out – how about you?