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If I were to ask you the question: “If you were to die right now, are you 100% sure that you would go to heaven?” What would be your reply?
Many have said: “No one knows for sure.” or “I’m 95-99% sure.” “I don’t know.” I run into a few who say with surety: “I am sure I would go to heaven.”
I would like to share with you, from the Bible, God’s Word, how you can be 100% sure.
I John 5:13 says: “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God”. Notice the word “know.” When you know something you are 100% sure.
Now, how can you know? To simply determine this, one must know what the Bible says in regard to salvation. Some believe that their religion will save them …. But they are not sure of heaven either. Many will say that “I must do the best I can.” Others: “Keep the 10 commandments.” This all amounts to a system of good works.
I submit to you, that if our religion or good works would save our souls – then why did Jesus die on the cross? Let’s see what the Bible says about our good works.
Ephesians 2:8-9 “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast”.
Galatians 3:1-3 “O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?”
In Romans 11:6 we read: “And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work”.
Now, I realize that if I put all of the verses on works from the Bible in this post – it would be very lengthy. Would you read it all? The verses above basically teach us that our good deeds do not save us – we cannot save ourselves – we need the salvation that the Lord provides for us.
Galatians 3:24-25 regarding the Law – reads as follows: “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster”.
Here we read that the Law was given to show us what sin is. The Law was our teacher, to teach us right from wrong. Why? So we could be saved by faith.
One day, someone took their Bible and shared with me how to be sure of heaven. Allow me to share it with you. It changed my life and my destiny.
First of all – in the Book of Romans 3:10 “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:”
Vserse 12 reads: “They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one”. Then verse 23: “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” I thought “I’m in a bad spot. If I am not good or righteous and am a sinner, I have no hope. What will I do?”
The person went on to share with me the following. Romans 5:8 “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” He explained that God loved me so much that He sent Jesus to die for me. Jesus Christ paid for all my sins, He took the punishment for me, so that I wouldn’t have to.
The, he went to Romans 6:23 which reads: “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord”. Hmmmm I’m going to die one day, where will I go?
Being a sinner, I would surely go to hell. But I read and was told that God has a gift for me. That gift is eternal life and it comes from Jesus Christ. God’s gift does not come through me or my goodness or my keeping the 10 Commandments, but it is a GIFT.
O.K. How do I get God’s gift? Romans 10:9-10 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation” God’s gift is received by us when we acknowledge that we are a sinner;
and then we receive Christ into our hearts and lives.
Verse 13 reads: “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Whosoever means ANYBODY can be saved and it by faith in what God did for us. Whosover means YOU.
In II Peter 3:9 we are told that God is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. You see, God’s will is for folks to be saved and NOT to perisy = spend eternity in hell. My friend, God loves us so much that He made a plan for mankind. That plan was for us to have eternal life – to be saved – to go to heaven. That plan was for God to come to this world as Jesus Christ – God’s “only begotten son.” He went to the Cross paying the price for every sin that you and I ever committed. He arose the third day, conquering death, hell and the grave fou you and for me. He offers us salvation, a FREE GIFT – forgiveness of sins and a home in heaven. He says that if we believe and receive, we shall be saved.
My friend, would you, now receive Jesus Gift of salvation? If so, the following prayer can be of a help to you. It is not just reciting some words, but it is belief in your heart.
“Dear God, I know that I am a sinner. Please forgive me of all my sins. I now ask Jesus Christ to come into my heart and save my soul. In Jesus name, A-men”.
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The Book of Joshua
Introduction: Joshua records Israel’s completion of redemption out of Egypt and entrance into the Promised Land. The first five Books of Moses lead the Nation of Israel to the door of the Land of Canaan. Joshua complements these Books by leading Israel into Canaan.
Joshua covers a period of about 25 years and he records one of the greatest conquests in the history of mankind. The occupation of this small strip of land, which is barely larger than Wales, had molded the moral and religious history of the world.
Central message: The Victory of Faith. The Book of Joshua is in sharp contrast to the Book of Numbers, where we see many failures of unbelief: the failure to enter (Numbers 14:2-4); failure to overcome, (Num. 14:44-45), failure to occupy, (Num. 14:28-34).
Key thought: Entering; occupying; overcoming.
Type of Canaan: Many of our songs and hymns represent Canaan as Heaven and the Jordan River as death. Crossing the Jordan (death) and entering Canaan (Heaven). IF Jordan were death and Canaan were Heaven, then it would follow that our entire Christian life, up to death, corresponds to the wilderness that the Israelites wandered in for 40 years.
Canaan Land was a place of fighting, conquest (victory), settlement and rest. All of this was done in the power of God. Israel never completely occupied all of the Promised Land.
Canaan cannot be a type of Heaven for a few reasons: Canaan was a place of conquest through conflict. Little fighting occurred in the wilderness, but to enter Canaan, Israel had to fight; enemies must be destroyed. How could Canaan typify the calm restfulness of the ultimate inheritance of Heaven.
Another reason was that eventually, because of idolatry, disobedience and other sins, Israel was ejected from Canaan Land. We can never be ejected from Heaven. For these reasons, we cannot equate Canaan with a type of Heaven.
Characteristics: First – Canaan was Israel’s promised Rest. There was a home for the Israelites. Second – Canaan was a place of Bounty. It was a Land “flowing with milk and honey;” Exodus 3:8. A land of “corn and wine, kissed with the dews of Heaven,” Deut. 33:28. A land of olives and vines, firs and cedars, rich fruits etc. Lev. 26:5
Third – Canaan was a place of Triumph. There were enemies in the Land, but they were a defeated people before Israel fought their first battle. God had already defeated them for the Nation of Israel, Deut. 7:1.
Israel was to remember what God had done for them; what God had done to Pharaoh and Egypt.
I. The Commission Given To Joshua Chap. 1:1-9
- God will be with Joshua – vs 5
- Be strong etc. vs 6 John 16:33
- He will divide the inheritance – vs 6
- Obey God’s Laws – obedience; vs 7-8 and II Cor. 10:5-6
- The commission is from God – vs 9
II. Rahab And The Spies; Chap.
A. Two spies are sent out – vs 1
- They enter Rahab the harlot’s house
- The King of Jericho calls for them – vs 2
- She hides them: vs 4
- The testimony of the power of God – vs 10 “For we have heard …”
- There is a big difference between believing and presuming. To make God’s promises an excuse for not taking reasonable precautions, is to tempt God.
- God uses the unlikely; here, God used Rahab: she believed B. Lessons from this chapter 1. We will have crisis in our lives. Here, the two spies had a crisis – someone was after them. We must have faith and dependence upon God.
- Every person has a crisis of salvation a. Do I exercise faith and receive Jesus as Saviour? b. Do I fail to exercise faith and remain unsaved bound for hell? a. Every person has a crisis of obedience after salvation b. Will I follow the Lord in baptism, being obedient to the Word of God c. Will I refuse to obey the Lord in baptism? Do we have the faith to believe in and trust the Word of God in these matters? d. Will I have the faith to tell others how to be saved? e. Will I lack in the faith and not tell my neighbor, perhaps resulting in their not hearing the Gospel and leave them headed for hell? d. Will I have the faith to tithe on my income? Will I lack the faith to believe in and obey God’s Word in this and other matters?
- Every time a Christian faces a crisis and comes through it by faith, the begin to have a
victorious Christian life. Every time we fail, by disobedience (lack of faith) we
experience a defeat in our Christian life. The root problem is always lack of faith.
- We read of Israel’s failure to enter Canaan; “Giants in the land.” a. We may say: “Why didn’t they just believe God’s Word, follow it, believe it, act upon it, do it … and gain the victory that God had waiting for them?” b. Are we not guilty of the same things, only in other areas of our lives? Where is your faith? Faith to believe; faith to act; faith to do?
III. Chapter 3-5 A. Don’t get ahead of the Lord chap. 3 – vs 3-5
- Vs 4 – leave a space; stay behind and follow
- Israel had not “passed this way heretofore;” a. vs 4 for the greater respect, because the presence of the ark was the symbol and pledge of the Divine presence. b. the ark was to be their pilot over these waters B. Memorial stones 4:5-7 & vs 21-24
- this was done to remind the Israelites of what God did for them
- today, we may use a monument; a plaque etc. as a reminder
- we, too, should remember and be reminded what the Lord has done for us both, as individual Christians and as a local church.
- Circumcision: chapter 5 vs 2-8
- this is a sign of the Abrahamic Covenant – Genesis 17:7-14 & Romans 4:11-16 C. spiritually, or in typology, this is putting to death the deeds of the body through the Spirit: Colossians 2:11-13 & 3:5-10 D. The “unseen Captain;” 5:13-15
IV. Chapters 6-12
- The conquest of Jericho chapter 6
- God’s plan was to show His power and glory and not man’s
- Rahab and her family spared vs 25
- The sin of Achan; 7:1
- the sin of disobedience; covetousness; sinful pride
- this is also love of the world and “disagreeing” with God’s Word
- “pay day” comes to all vs 12 – Israel pays for the sin of Achan
- Three campaigns
- The Central Campaign 6:6-8:29
- includes the battle of Jericho
- the defeat at Ai, because of Achan’s sin, the victory was in the second battle
- The Southern Campaign: 9:1-10:43
- The treaty with Gibeah
- destruction of the Amorite coalition
- The Northern Campaign 11:1-15
Summary of the conquest: 11:16-23. The list of the defeated Kings are in chapter 12.
Lessons: One: Just as the Lord led Israel into the Promised Land, likewise, the Lord Jesus Christ, our Commander in Chief, leads us into the promised Land of the Christian life by way of our salvation through faith in Jesus Christ; Hebrews 2:9-10.
Two: Jesus Christ is the one who leads us to become victorious overcomers once we have entered into the Promised Land of our Christian life; I John 5:4-5.
Three: Through the three campaigns of this section of Joshua, we learn that obedience brings victory by the power of God through our faith in Him.
Our sin, (example in Joshua, sin of Achan) breaks the flow of power from God and we defeat ourselves (battle of Ai). When the sin problem is dealt with, we can experience victory in exactly the same situation as we had previously experienced defeat. We also learn that our sin can cause defeat for those around us also; I Cor, 12:25-26.
Four: We learn that it is the power of God and not our own power and might, that gives us the victory. V. The Occupation chapters 12-24
- The Lord instructs Joshua about the division of the Land 13:1-7
- A portion for Caleb chap 14
- this fulfills the promise God made through Moses
- the promise was that Caleb and his descendants would inherit the land that his feet walked on when he entered the land.
- The portion to the Tribe of Judah chap. 15
- The portion to the Tribe of Joseph chap. 16-17
- The portion to the seven remaining Tribes chaps 18-19
- Cities of refuge and the Cities of the Levites chaps 20-21:42
- The portion to the Levites chap 21
VI. Joshua’s Last Counsels To The People chap. 23 – 24
A. Farewell address by Joshua chap 23
B. Joshua rehearses the past and renews God’s Covenant with the people chap. 24
C. Death of Joshua and Eleazer the High Priest 24:29-33
Summary: Genesis is the Book of beginnings. Exodus is the leading out of God’s people and their redemption. Leviticus shows us the story of Atonement and Holiness that God expected of the people. Numbers showed the consequences of unbelief and the cleansing and purifying of the nation in the wilderness; their eventual victory according to God’s will. Deuteronomy shows a faithful God and His love as God prepared the new generation to receive the promise that was rejected by the old generation. Deut. 6:23 “He brought us out … that He might bring us in …” Joshua shows us God’s fulfillment of His promises to bring the people into the Land by His power and might. This is the same power that brought them out. He divides the Land to give each Tribe the inheritance that he promised to them.
Not all of the Tribes would take the inheritance that was offered to them. This sin delayed the victories that God had awaiting them. God offers to us the victorious Christian life, but He will not force us to take it. It is our choice to obey; get rid of our sin and properly use what He offers to us.
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The Book Of Deuteronomy
Introduction: Deuteronomy means: Second Law. It is the Fifth Book of Moses; it doesn’t really give a “Second Law” but rather gives the same Law in more detail. The Hebrew name for this Book was Haddebharim meaning “The Words.” This name is taken from the opening verse of the Book: “These be the words …”
It is also a Book of transitions and it marks them in a four fold way.
First: Transition to a new generation, with the exception of Joshua, Caleb and Moses.
Second: Transition to a new possession or to a new land.
Third: Transition to a new way of life; a new experience – living in houses instead of tents. A settled life instead of wandering; milk and honey, the corn and wine of Caanan instead of the diet of the wilderness.
Fourth: Transition to a new revelation from God – His love. From Genesis to Numbers, the love of God is never spoken of. In Deuteronomy 4:37 we read the wonderful words of God’s love to Israel.
The Central Message of the Book - Divine Faithfulness
The Basic Fact of the Book – Chapter 6:4-5
The Basic Truth – Chapter 6:23 There is a three – fold statement of this Truth:
- The fact – “He brought us out”
- The purpose behind the fact – “that He might bring us in.” We see the Grace of God here.
God was to bring them to a land “flowing with milk and honey.”
- The reason behind both the fact and the purpose – “he sware unto our fathers.” Here, we see
the faithfulness of God: He was true to His Covenant.
The Basic requirement - Chapter 10:12-13. In the New Testament we read: Matt. 22:37,
Mark 12:30 and Luke 10:27
The word fear in this Deut. 10:12, means: In the Hebrew: yare’, yaw-ray’ a primitive root; to fear; morally, to revere; reverential trust with a hatred of evil.
The word require means – “to demand”
Deuteronomy 10:12-13 deals with loving obedience that flows from the heart of the child of God; a God who is glorious and faithful. Obedience is the “key note” of almost every chapter.
The word “do” occurs over 50 times. Jehovah God is to be obeyed because of (1) what He has done for them (2) what He is in Himself (3) the perfection of His Law.
Moses is the human writer of this Book and Jesus also attested to that fact in Luke 24:44
The Divisions of the Book
1. Looking to the past – chaps. 1-11 2. Looking to the future – chaps. 12-34
Theological Themes of the Book of Deuteronomy
- The Faithfulness of God 6. The Grace of God
- The Word of God 7. The coming Great Prophet of God
- The Person of God 8. The Will of God
- The Love of God 9. The Kings of God
- The Glory of God 10. The Israel of God
God’s dealings did not begin with the Covenant at Sinai and they did not end there.
Israel entered Canaan under the Sinaitic Covenant – a broken Covenant. They broke it with the Golden Calf and they continually broke it in the wilderness.
Once they entered into the Promised Land, they still continue to break God’s Covenant. That is why they never took possession of the Promised Land – continued disobedience.
God’s first dealings were before He met with Moses on Mt. Sinai. They were with the Abrahamic Covenant in Genesis 15.
It was confirmed with the oath of God with blood and is unconditional to Abraham and his descendants; it is an everlasting Covenant: Genesis 17:5-8.
Look at Romans 4:13-25 and see how it applies to Christians today.
The Covenant on Sinai pointed toward a place – Sinai.
The Abrahamic Covenant pointed toward a Person – Christ – Galatians 3:16-17
The Law came 430 years AFTER Abraham.
By the Abrahamic Covenant, God can and will still bless Israel in spite of their breaking the Law of Sinai.
God can also bless today’s Christians through Abraham’s seed – Jesus Christ.
Lessons to be learned from the Book of Deuteronomy - Reviewing The Wanderings
- Chapter 1:1-3 – Unbelief can doom a person’s life to aimless wanderings. An 11 day journey
became 40 years of wandering
- The mistake of thinking we can carry our burden’s alone. Moses forgot that God was carrying the burden of Israel. Chap. 1:9 & 12. In his frustration, Moses appoints a council of 70 which later became the Sanhedren; the council that sentenced Christ to death.
- The mistake of appointing a board to decide if they should obey God. Chap. 1:20-23; 30 & 32
- Faith in action leads to blessings from God. Only Joshua & Caleb believed and were allowed to enter the Promised Land. They were not swayed by the majority who died because of their unbelief. Chap. 1:34-38
5. Don’t use your family for an excuse to be disobedient. The Israelites used their children for an
excuse; God allowed the “little ones” to go in but not the disobedient parents. They died in
the wilderness. Chap. 1:39
- Be careful to not run in circles when you serve the Lord. Disobedience causes procrastination.
We put off doing what God’s Word tells us to do; our disobedience causes us to run in circles
or – as we may say – running around like a chicken with her head cut off. Chap. 2:1-3
One of the Great Differences Between The Old Testament and the New
In the Old Testament – the emphasis is upon a Place
- A place of sacrifice 2. A place of worship
This emphasis upon a place gave focus to the religious life of the Nation of Israel; it fostered a sense of National unity. To the Hebrew, a nearness to Jerusalem; to the Temple came to mean nearness to the presence of God.
In the New Testament – the emphasis is upon a Person
The emphasis is transferred from a place to a person. The Gospel went to the Gentiles and local churches were started all around the known world. There is no longer a central location to be near God. In Acts 8, in the account of the Ethiopian eunuch, the man had been to the right place – Jerusalem. He had been there for the right purpose – worship. He was reading the right Book – the Scripture. We read where he is returning home unsatisfied – what he needed was a new emphasis – on the Person – Jesus Christ. God sent Philip his way and Philip preached unto him, Jesus. The man receives Christ as Saviour.
Looking To The Future Chaps. 12-34
In the first part of this Book, Moses reiterates the Law – a review. He reminds them of how God had given it to Israel. Moses tells them of the consequences of their breaking of God’s Law and yet the faithfulness of God to keep His promises to bring Israel into the promised Land. Now, the focus changes from their past to their future in the Promised Land.
The Law Interpreted For Their Future Land chaps. 12-26
Here it deals with consecration – apostasy – judicial matters – governmental righteousness – guarantees of justice – authority of the sanctuary and the home – sanctity of the Divine order including: labor, marriage, the congregation, protection for the weak and the sanctity of the individual.
Sanctions – Chapters 27-30
We find what God approves of and what he does not approve of. Chapter 30 tells us of God’s promise of restoration.
The Passing Of The Torch Chapters 31-34
Chap. 31 – The charge of Moses to Joshua and the Levites. Verse 23, Moses words to Joshua.
Verses 24-30 Moses instructs the Levites
Chap. 33 – The blessing of the Tribes of Israel
Chap. 34 – The death of Moses
- Moses could see the land but not enter into it vs 4
- Moses was 120 years old – vs 7
- The human writer of chapter 34 is Moses. He writes of his death as it was given to him by God in the same way God gave any prophecy to any prophet.
- Moses is the only man that God buried – vs 6
This ends the writing of the Pentateuch – also called by the Jews the Torah – the First Five Books Of Moses
Brief Summary of Moses’ Life
- He spent 40 years in Egypt
- He spent 40 years in Midian
- He spent 40 years leading the Children of Israel He was a man of faith – Hebrews 11:23-29
- He appeared with Christ and Elijah (Elias) on the Mount of transfiguration – Matthew 17:3; Mark 9:4, Luke 9:30
- He was Israel’s greatest prophet – Numbers 34:10
- Moses is an outstanding type of Christ a. Moses was born and was sought to be put to death by Pharaoh – Jesus was born and sought to be put to death by King Herod b. Moses appointed by God to deliver Israel out of bondage – Christ was sent to deliver all Israel and all who would believe, from the bondage of sin c. Moses was sent to lead Israel towards Caanan – Jesus came to lead us to heaven. Moses lead them to see the Promised Land – Jesus takes us into Heaven d. Moses gave the Law – Jesus fulfilled the Law and gave the Gospel e. Moses was the mediator of the first covenant – Jesus is the mediator of the second covenant f. Moses did many wonderful miracles – Jesus did many wonderful miracles. Both were by the power of God and to show His power and glory and confirm His doctrine g. Moses instituted the Passover – Jesus is the Passover h. Moses was a faithful servant – Jesus was faithful in all thing i. Moses fasted 40 days and nights in the wilderness before delivering the Law- Jesus fasted 40 days in the wilderness before preaching the Gospel
- No man knows where he grave is Numbers 34:6 – somewhere in the land of Moab
- The devil and Michael the Archangel disputed or contended about his body Jude vs 9
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The Book Of Numbers
Introduction: This fourth Book of the Law, was named due to the fact that it records the numbering or census of the Nation of Israel. Historically, the Book of Numbers begins where the Book of Exodus leaves off.
This is also a book of wilderness wanderings of the redeemed Israelites and their failure to enter the Promised Land at Kadesh – barnea.
Genesis – is a Book of creation and fall
Exodus – is a book of redemption
Leviticus – is a book of worship and fellowship
Numbers – is a book of service and walk
From Sinai to Kadesh-barnea was approximately 150-200 miles; a trip of about 11 days. Yet, the Children of Israel took 40 years to cover the same ground. As a result of their wandering, they learned many lessons. The Nation was purified by weeding out the rebellious generation and they were molded by God into a nation ready to obey God and then enter into the Promised Land.
The human writer was Moses. Jesus attested to that fact in the New Testament; Luke 24:44.
The author is the Holy Spirit; II Peter 1:21.
The value of the Book of Numbers as well as the entire Old testament – I Corinthians 10:1-11. They were (vs 6 & 11) written for “ensamples” or types; examples for us).
The focus of this Book – their failures; unbelief; disobedience; chastisement; and their eventual victory by God; His divine guidance and His sovereign will.
I. The Preparation To Depart From Sinai Or The Order Of The Host chapters 1-10
- The numbering of the fighting men chap. #1
note: vs 47-50
- Arrangement of the camp chap #2
note: numbering of fighting men and arrangement of the camp was for military purposes.
This is to protect the Tabernacle of God
- The duties of the Levites and their families chapters 3-4
note: the priestly tribe was given charge of moving the Tabernacle
- Priestly instructions chapters 5-10
- chapter 5 deals with purity – segregation of lepers for health reasons; trespass or sins; adultery; jealousy
- chapter 6:1-21 the Nazarite vow
Note: this is for one wholly separated unto the Lord; voluntarily done
Sampson and John the Baptist are examples of men who took the Nazarite vow
Many have thought that Jesus took this vow; He did not. He is
referred to as “Jesus of Nazareth” which is a city, not a vow.
chapters 7-8 deal with Free – will offerings and consecration of the Levites
The Keeping of the Passover Chapter 9
- vs 1 & 5= April 14th
- In the New Testament, for Christians, we observe the Lord’s Supper
- The silver trumpets chapter 10
- vs 1-2 – for calling assembly; to journey or march; also to sound
- alarm for war
- silver is a typology of redemption
II. From Sinai To The Wilderness – chap. 10:11 – chap. 14
- The people complained after only 3 days journey 10:33
- chap 11:1 God gets angry when His people complain
- vs 5-6 the self pity of the Israelites
- vs 10-15 Moses gets discouraged
- Israel gets what they want – flesh to eat
- Numbers 11:4 – they ask for flesh to eat
- vs 5 they long for Egypt – they place where they were enslaved; the place that God
- had delivered them out of
- the sin was not in wanting some meat to eat – but in the fact of their murmuring and
complaining against God and against God’s man
- Numbers 11:18-20 God gives them flesh to eat
- vs 20 – “… until … it be loathsome unto you, … ”
- vs 20- they despised the Lord – Why did we come out of Egypt?
- They are second guessing the Lord; questioning Him.
- Israel pays the price of complaining and murmuring
- Numbers 11:3 – fire
- Numbers 11:31-35 – vs 33 – a “very great plague.”
NOTES: Be careful of what we ask for; how we ask for it. Be careful of our attitudes;
Be careful of griping, complaining and murmuring against God and God’s man.
- God gives them another opportunity to receive His blessings – chap 13-14
- 12 spies were sent out to check out the land that God had promised to Israel 13:1 & 17
- 10 came back with an evil report and incited a rebellion among God’s people
vs 26-33 & 14:1-2 – this is the problem with committees
NOTES: God gives them a tremendous blessing; instead of receiving the blessing, they
have to “check it out.” “Do we want God’s blessing?” “What is God doing to us?”
“God’s blessing just won’t work.” “We don’t like it; we don’t agree with it.”
Many Christians today do the same with what God’s Word compels us to do.
The question here is: OBEDIENCE to God’s Word – God’s way or man’s way –
which will it be.
- The Israelites unknowingly proclaimed their own curse 14:2b
- Joshua and Caleb were the 2 spies who said: vs 8-9
- The congregation reacted vs 10
- Notice what Moses tells them vs 11 – they forgot the power of God and what He had already done for them
- the price to be paid for murmuring Numbers 14:26-33
- when we are out of God’s will, there is a price to be paid
- when we do not obey God and His Word, there is a price to be paid
- when we murmur and complain, there is a price to be paid
- Numbers 14:44-45 – God allows their enemies to bring a catastrophe against Israel
III. In The Wilderness For 38 Years – chapters 15- 25
- Chapters 15-19 God gives various instructions
- chap 15-19 – Second set of priestly instructions
- chap 16 – instructions about offerings
- chap 17 – instructions about Aaron & family being chosen as the priestly family
- chap 18 – confirmation of Levites and priestly family of Aaron
- chap 19 – instructions concerning the red heifer and water of purification
- The rebellion of Korah – chap 16
- Vs 1-3 – Korah says that Moses and Aaron are doing too much & that he and his followers are led by God just as much as Moses is
- Moses replies – vs 8-11
- vs 9 – hmmmm … out of ALL of the congregation, God picked you to lead the congregation?
- vs 10 – do you want to be a priest also?
- vs 11 – Korah caused the people in his following to go against the Lord
- God deals with rebellion vs 19-21 & 29-35 Num. 26:10
- vs 36 God speaks to Moses – God always calls and uses a particular man to lead a congregation
- 16:49 – 14,700 died in the plague + those that died with Korah vs 35 – 250 men The sin of Moses
1. vs 8 – God said to “speak” unto the rock
2. vs 11 – Moses smote or beat / hit the rock 2 X’s
3. Moses did God’s will Moses way
4. Moses punishment for his sin vs 12
5. The serpent of brass chap 21
Vs 5-9 – Israel still complaining. Why? They are out of God’s will
when God’s people are out of God’s will, they murmur and complain
it is never God’s will for His people to murmur and complain
Philippians 2:14 “Do all things without murmurings and disputings.”
John 3:14 – this is a type of Christ.
NOTES: Among the Jews, the brazen serpent was considered a type of the resurrection-through it the dying lived; and so, by the voice of God, they that were dead shall be raised to life. As the serpent was raised up, so shall Christ be lifted up: as they who were stung by the fiery serpents were restored by looking up to the brazen serpent, so those who are infected with and dying through sin are healed and saved, by looking up to and believing in Christ crucified. These are all the analogies which we can legitimately trace between the lifting up of the brazen serpent, and the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. The lifting up of the Son of man may refer to his mediatorial office at the right hand of God.
- Preparations For Entering The Land Chaps. 26-36
- Taking a census of the new generation Chap. 26
- The old generation is dead or about to die
- verses 1- 4 the census is taken of those 20 years old & older
- Chap. 27 – The law of inheritance and Joshua appointed to succeed Moses
- Num. 27:12-13
- vs 18-22 Joshua appointed by God to replace Moses to lead the congregation of Israel
- More priestly instructions chaps. 28-30 Laws concerning women’s vows chap. 30
- man’s vow is always binding 30:1-2
- women’s vows can be annulled by her father or husband if married 30:5-8
- this shows the responsibility given by God to the man as the leader of his home and to protect his wife / daughter
The judgment of Midian chap. 31
they sinned by not destroying all of the enemy
this was a repeat of their previous sin vs 16
Gad & Reuben refuse to help their brothers fight the battle 32:6
they are punished for their sin vs 11-15
they fall into sin later on also I Chronicles 5:25-26
A summary of Israel’s journey’s from Egypt to Jordan chap. 33:1-49
Law of the possession of the land 33:50-56
God sets the borders for the Land of Canaan chap 34
The cities of refuge chap. 35
The inheritance chap. 36
In the Book of Numbers, we see the consequences of unbelief; disobedience and the cleansing or purging of the Nation of Israel. The Nation of Israel was purified in the wilderness so that they could receive their eventual victory which was God’s will for them.
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The Book Of Leviticus
Introduction: This is the third Book Of Moses; the third Book of the Law. The “Key Word” of this Book is HOLINESS. This word occurs 87 times in this Book.; the “Key Verse” is Leviticus 19:2.
This Book deals with:
1. The offerings
2. The Law of the offerings
4. A warning example
5. A Holy God requires a clean, Holy people
7. Relationships of God’s people
8. Feasts of Jehovah
The Book of Exodus covers a time period of about 216 years while Leviticus covers a time period of a year or less. In Exodus, God speaks from the Mount to Moses; the Children of Israel were forbidden to go there. In Leviticus, God speaks from the Tabernacle where He dwells in the midst of His people, Israel.
the offering was to come to God’s House – here, the Tabernacle
Moses is instructed by God to tell the Children of Israel
Directions concerning burnt-offerings chapter 1
A bullock, vs 1-9
A sheep, goat, lamb, or kid, vs 10-13
A turtle dove, or young pigeon, vs 14-17
Sweet Savor offerings chapter 2-3
Non sweet savor offerings chapter 4-5
Trespass offering chapter 6:7
The Law Of The Offerings chapter 6:8-7:38
Moses received instructions to be delivered to the priests respecting their official duties,
and first the burnt offering – Hebrew, “a sacrifice,
This is the ceremony which ought to be observed in the offerings
The Law Of The Offerings chapter 6:8-7:38
Leviticus is beneficial to us as a “shadow” of things concerning our High Priest, Jesus Christ 8:1, 7-9, 30,
His sacrifice of Himself – by Himself – for Us Hebrews 10:1-3, 10-12 unholy vs 8-11
A Warning Example chapter 10
Strange fire vs 1
The sin of Nadab and Abihu was doing without seeking the mind of God before acting
It typifies any use of carnality to promote the fire of devotion and praise.
There is a difference between the Holy and the profane
Holy God Requires A Clean, Holy People chapter 11-15
A. laws regarding what can be eaten of touched chapter 11
B. Laws regarding childbirth chapter 12
C. Laws regarding leprosy chapters 13-14
D. Laws concerning sexual purity chapter 15
The Day Of Atonement chapter 16
A. This is one of the most powerful Jewish religious days
1. Yom Kippur or Day of Atonement
2. vs 29-31 the date is October 10th
B. Atonement for the sins of the nation
C. This is the only time of the year when the high priest was allowed to enter into the Holy
of Holies to offer the blood upon the altar for the sins of the people
D. Vs 33 – 34 What Atonement was to be made for
Relationships Of God’s People chapters 18-22
A. In order to walk with a Holy God, God’s people must be holy 19:1-2
1. holy means: sacred – set apart
2. the word “sanctification” has the basic same meaning
B. Things to keep away from or not to touch 19:26-32
1. I Thessalonians 5:22
2. Lev. 18 deals with incest – adultery – homosexuality – beastiality – nakedness
C. Punishments for impurity chapter 20
1. idolatry = death
2. consorting with witches or being a witch = death
3. cursing mother or father = death 20:9
4. incest = death
5. homosexuality = death 20:13
6. beastiality = death 20:15-16
7. adultery = death 20:10
8. unclean and improper sexual practices = childlessness
Christ In Leviticus
1:3 without blemish Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:14; I Peter 1:19
1:4 atonement Romans 5:11
1:5 priests Hebrews 10:11
4:12 without the camp Hebrews 13:11-12
4:16 the priests Hebrews 9:12-14
8:33-34 commanded Hebrews 7:16
9:7 atonement for all Heb. 5:1-5; 7:27; 9:7-12
9:15 the peoples offering Hebrews 2:17; 5:3
14:7 cleansing by blood Hebrews 9:13-14
16:3 into the Holy Place Hebrews 9:7; 12; 24-25
16:14 blood Hebrews 9:13-14; 10:4, & 10
16:15 offering for the people Heb. 2:17; 5:2; 9:7, & 28
16:16 Atonement for holy place Hebrews 9:22-23
16:17 Atonement for the altar Hebrews 9:12-23
16:30 Cleansing by blood Hebrews 9:13-14; I John 1: 7-9
16:22 The scapegoat John 1:29; Heb. 9:28; I Peter 2:24
17:11 Blood Atonement Matt. 26:28; Mark 14:24; Eph. 1:7;
Col. 1:20; Hebrews 13:12
25:49 Kinsman redeemer Luke 1:68; 24:21; Romans 8:29; Gal. 3:13;
Gal. 4:4-5; Phil. 1:14; II Thess. 2:13;
Titus 2:13-14; I Peter 1:18
NOTE: These are just a few of the many, many references to Christ found in the Book of Leviticus. The major portion of this Book points directly to Jesus Christ. The Book of Hebrews is the most profitable Book in the New Testament to help you to understand the Book of Leviticus.
Hebrews 10:1 tells us that the Law was a shadow of what would come. With Jesus, it was fulfilled.
Hebrews 9:12 – “once” vs 28 “once” Hebrews 10:10 “once for all” vs 12 -“one sacrifice”
vs 11 the priests “sacrifices” or sacraments, can NEVER take away sins.
Genesis is the Book of Beginnings; also a book where God called His people out of Egypt. In Exodus, we see the redemption of God’s people where they left of Egypt. In the Book of Leviticus, we see the Atonement; a code of Holiness that God expects His people to follow; sacrifices as a symbol.
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The Book Of Exodus
Introduction: Exodus means “going out.” The Book records the redemption of Israel out of Egyptian bondage. These were the descendants of Abraham. This Book sets forth, in type, all redemption. Expressions of our redemption are worship, fellowship and service; and so Exodus is a type of the conditions upon which all relationships with God exist.
Broadly, this Book teaches that redemption is essential to any relationship with a holy God and that even a redeemed people cannot have fellowship with God unless they are constantly cleansed from defilement. The time had come to return to the Promised land. There are three basic areas of Exodus: 1. The Law 2. The Tabernacle 3. The Exodus.
Genesis showed us the calling out of a people for God. They were called out and produced through one family, Abraham. God changed his name to Israel. In Exodus, we see that family formed into a nation, Israel. God gave them a code of Laws and a personal place in which to meet. Both of these things separated them from the rest of the world.
Exodus shows us the doctrine of redemption by the blood. God redeems Israel from bondage in Egypt which is a typology of redemption of man through the blood of Christ. This is shown by the power of God as we will see in the Passover Lamb.
The Children Of Israel who Came Into Egypt
- Exodus 1:1-6 70 people came into Egypt also Genesis 46:27
- Exodus 12:30 they spent 430 years in Egypt
- Exodus 12:37 those who came out of Egypt – 600,000 men
- Numbers 1:46 – the Levites were not counted in the number
- Numbers 3:30 – 22,000 Levites
- A conservative number of the Children of Israel who came out of Egypt was approximately from 1 to 2 million
What Was The Cause Of The Exodus?
- A new king, a change of dynasty Exodus 1:8
- vs 7 – probably as many Jews as Egyptians
- vs 11 the Egyptians put Taskmasters over them vs 12-14
- Pharaoh is a title, such as, a king
God Prepares A Man To Lead Israel
Three 40 year time periods in the life of Moses
40 years in the House of Pharaoh Exodus 2:1-10 where he was preserved, adopted and trained in Egyptian wisdom
Hebrews 11:23-26; Acts 7:20-23
40 years as a shepherd – Ex. 2:15- 4:31
40 years leading the Israelites
The number 40, in the Bible, represents a “time of testing.”
- Exodus 2:11-14 Moses kills an Egyptian; this is the end of his first 40 years
- Moses ruined his testimony
- Moses is out of God’s will and is set aside for 40 years – to learn
- Moses and the burning bush Exodus 3
- vs 2 – the bush was not consumed
- vs 3 – Moses turns to see why the bush is not burnt
- some lessons from the burning bush
- Moses had burnt himself out – his life was a “pile of ashes” after he killed the Egyptian
- the bush was burning – but – NO pile of ashes; what was the secret?
(1) God was in the bush
(2) God was not in Moses act of killing the Egyptian
(3) I believe Moses presumed that Israel would follow him because of who he was-
– remember … his education etc. in Egypt and in the house of Pharaoh
(4) Moses learns an object lesson here – the difference is God. Self gets in the way;
God never gets in the way.
(5) If God could use a bush, with no brain, no eyes, mouth, heart etc. could he not use
Moses – OR you and I?
(6) God reveals Himself to Moses and calls Moses to do a job vs 6, 10, 14
Moses Makes Excuses Why He Cannot Serve or Obey God
- The unbelief of the people Chapter 4:1
- Moses inability to convey the message vs 10
- contrast this with Acts 7:22
- vs 14, God is angry when we make excuses
God Delivers Israel From Egypt Chapters 5-18
- The ten plagues on Egypt Exodus 7:8 to 12 :36
- River Nile turned to blood 7:17-19 To the Egyptians, the Nile was a deity
- Frogs 8:1-5
- Lice 8:16-18
- Flies 8:20-21
- Murrain – animal plague 9:3-4
- Boils 9:8-11
- Hail 9:18 & 23-26
- Locusts 10: 12-17
- Darkness 10:21-25
- Death of the firstborn of both man and beast or the Passover 12:1-36; I Cor. 5:7 Christ our Passover
- Foretold in chapter 11
- Takes place chapter 12
- the lamb or kid to be used on the occasion to be taken from the flock the tenth day of the month, and vs 3
- each family to provide one lamb vs 3
- the lamb or kid to be a male of the first year without blemish vs 5
- to be killed on the fourteenth day vs 6
- the blood to be sprinkled on the side posts and upper post of the doors vs 7
- the flesh to be prepared by roasting, and not to be eaten and no part of it to be left till the morning vs 8
- the people to eat it with their loins girded, as persons prepared for a journey vs 11
Why called it the PASSOVER vs 23
- the blood sprinkled on the door posts, &c., to be a token to them of preservation from
- the destroying angel vs 13.
- the fourteenth day of the month Abib to be a feast for ever vs 14.
- unleavened bread to be eaten seven days vs 15
- this also to be observed in all their generations for ever vs 17-20.
- Moses instructs the elders of Israel how they are to offer the lamb and sprinkle his
- blood, and for what purpose vs 21-23.
- he binds them to instruct their children in the nature of this rite vs 24-27.
- the children of Israel act as commanded vs 28.
- all the first-born of Egypt are slain vs 29, 30 the death angel would pass over any
- Israeli home where the blood was applied as God instructed it to be done
- for Israel only vs 43-46
Christ, our Passover I Cor. 5:7 Christ the Lamb John 1:29 & 1:36
Notes on the Passover
- a lamb – The Hebrew word signifies the young of sheep and of goats, and may be indifferently translated either lamb or kid. See Ex 12:5.
- a lamb for a house – The whole host of Israel was divided into twelve tribes. The 12 tribes divided into families, the families into houses, and the houses into particular persons; Numbers 1, Joshua 7:14.
- and if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbor next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Ex. 12:4
- if the household be too little: That is, if there be not persons enough in one family to eat a whole lamb, then two families must join together. The rabbis allow that there should be at least ten persons to one paschal lamb, and not more than twenty.
- Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats. Lev 22:18-21; 23:12; Mal 1:8,14; Heb 9:14; 1Pe 1:19
- Verse 5. Without blemish having no natural imperfection, no disease, no deficiency
or redundancy of parts. The Rabbi’s taught: reckoning fifty blemishes that render a
lamb or any animal, improper to be sacrificed: five in the ear, three in the eyelid,
eight in the eye, three in the nose, six in the mouth.
- a male of the first year. That is, any age in the first year between eight days and twelve months.
- from the sheep, or from the goats – This means either; and either was equally proper
if without blemish. The Hebrews however in general preferred the lamb to the kid.
NOTES: The day among the Jews had twelve hours, Joshua 11:9. Their first hour was about six o’clock in the morning with us. Their sixth hour was our noon. Their ninth hour answered to our three o’clock in the afternoon. By this we may understand that the time in which Christ was crucified began at the third hour, that is, at nine o’clock in the morning, the ordinary time for the daily morning sacrifice, and ended at the ninth hour, that is, three o’clock in the afternoon, the time of the evening sacrifice, Mr 15:25,33,34,37. Wherefore their ninth hour was their hour of prayer, when they used to go into the temple at the daily evening sacrifice, Ac 3:1; and this was the ordinary time for the Passover. It is worthy of remark that God sets no particular hour for the killing of the Passover: any time between the two evenings, i.e., between twelve o’clock in the day and the termination of twilight, was lawful. The daily sacrifice (see Ex 29:38,39) was killed at half past the eighth hour, that is, half an hour BEFORE three in the afternoon; and it was offered up at half past the ninth hour, that is, half an hour AFTER three. In the evening of the Passover it was killed at half past the seventh hour, and offered at half past the eighth, that is, half an hour BEFORE three: and if the evening of the Passover fell on the evening of the Sabbath, it was killed at half past the SIXTH hour, and offered at half past the SEVENTH, that is, half an hour BEFORE two in the afternoon. The reason of this was, they were first obliged to kill the daily sacrifice, and then to kill and roast the paschal lamb, and also to rest the evening before the Passover. Agreeably to this Maimonides says ‘the killing of the Passover is after midday, and if they kill it before it is not lawful; and they do not kill it till after the daily evening sacrifice, and burning of incense: and after they have trimmed the lamps they begin to kill the paschal lambs until the end of the day.’ By this time of the day God foreshadowed the sufferings of Christ in the evening of times or in the last days, Heb 1:2; 1Peter 1:19,20: and about the same time of the day, when the lamb ordinarily died, HE died also, at the ninth hour; Mt 27:46-50.”
Verse 7: And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. Take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts. This was to be done by dipping a bunch of hyssop into the blood, and thus sprinkling it upon the posts, Ex 12:22. That this sprinkling of the blood of the lamb was an emblem of the sacrifice and atonement made by the death of Jesus Christ, is most clearly intimated in the sacred writings, 1 Peter 1:2; Heb 9:13,14; 8:10. It is remarkable that no blood was to be sprinkled on the threshold shows a reverent regard for the blood of Christ, that men should not tread under foot the Son of GOD, nor count the blood of the covenant wherewith they were sanctified an unholy thing; Hebrews 10:29.
The Exodus And The Wilderness Journey
A. Redemption – deliverance from bondage Ex. 12:37-40
1. vs 35 – the Israelites obeyed the word of Moses, their leader
2. vs 36 – the Egyptians lent them jewels and cloths etc.
3. 600,000 men not counting children
4. the Israelites had been 430 years as slaves in Egypt
B. God’s protecting hand Exodus 13:17-18
C. God leads the way vs 21
1. pillar of a cloud by day
2. pillar of fire by night
D. Pharaoh’s heart is hardened Ex. 14:4-12
1. Vs 7-9 horsemen, chariots, the army etc. all come after the Israelites
2. Vs 10 they were afraid when they say the Egyptians
3. Vs 11-12 a pity party; fear; lack of faith
4. the children of Israel forgot about the might and the power of God – OR How soon
we forget. Vs 12 – better to live in Egypt than to die in the wilderness
a. Egypt is a type of the world
b. Israel in Egypt is a type of the unsaved person
c. God delivering Israel is a type of the unsaved person being saved or redeemed
d. Israel desiring to go back into Egypt is a type of a saved person wanting to go back
into the sinful ways that God has saved you out of
E. Crossing the Red Sea Exodus 14:13-31
1. Vs 13-14 – wait on the Lord “stand still” The Lord will fight for you
2. Vs 19-20 – we see God’s protection
3. Vs 21 – the Sea is rolled back – God working through Moses I Thess. 5:24
4. Vs 22 – Dry ground
5. Vs 26-28 – God, through Moses, drowns the Egyptians in the Red Sea. Again, God’s
6. Vs 29 – Israel was safe; the water was a wall = protection
7. Vs 31 – Israel saw; feared; and believed the Lord and His servant, Moses. As we will
see, this is short lived.
The March To Sinai – God Provides For The Needs Of His People – Exodus 15 to 18
A. Marah Exodus 15:22-27
1. waters were bitter vs 23; name Marah means “bitter” “angry” “discontented”
2. vs 24 – the people murmured
3. vs 25 – God directs Moses. God directs the man He calls. God always leads and
directs His people through a leader. Here, it was Moses, a prophet called of God.
In the New Testament, it is pastors called of God placed in the local church.
4. The tree – God directs Moses to a “tree”
a. the tree was cast into the waters
b. the bitter was made sweet
c. again, God provides what is necessary; the needs of His people
d. vs 27 – 12 wells of water; 12 Tribes of Israel
e. vs 26 – God gives instructions to Israel
C. Manna from Heaven – Exodus 16:1-22
1. God provided for His children’s daily needs
2. Manna was a life sustaining food. God gave specific instructions vs 4
3. the Children of Israel murmured against God’s leaders vs 2 Phil. 2:14
D. The Sabbath given to Israel vs 23-26
The Giving Of The Law Exodus 19-24
A. The Covenant established Exodus 19:1-24 to 24:11
1. The 10 Commandments chapter 20
2. Law concerning relationships Ex. 21:1 to 23:13
3. The Law concerning the 3 main feasts Ex. 23:14-19
a. Feast of Unleavened bread – Ex. 23:15 includes Passover
b. Feast of the Harvest or First fruits ( Pentecost ) vs 16
c. Feast of ingathering (Tabernacles) vs 16
d. Instructions on who can observe feasts; when and how vs 17-19
B. Law concerning the making of covenants with the heather in the Promised Land
1. don’t bow down -don’t serve false gods vs 24
2. overthrow them vs 24
3. God’s promises vs 27 – 31 Notice the words “I” referring to God
a. God sends fear to the enemies
b. God will destroy them
c. God sends hornets to drive the enemies out little by little
d. God sends the boundaries for the Children of Israel
C. Order of worship for when the Tabernacle is built
The Tabernacle Exodus 25-40
A. Instructions on how to build it 25:1-7 to 27:8
1. Instructions for the offering to build the Tabernacle 25:1-7
2. Instructions on how to build it 25:8 to 27:1
3. Instructions to make the Brazen Altar 27:1-8
B. Instructions for the Court of the Tabernacle 27:9-19
C. Instructions for the lamp 27:20-21
D. Instructions for the priests 28:1 to 29:46
E. Final instructions chapter 30
1. Altar of Incense – the ransom money – the Bronze Laver
2. The Holy Anointing Oil – Holy Incense
F. The appointment of those to build the Tabernacle 31:1-11
G. Instructions about the Sabbath 31:12-17
H. Ten Commandments given to Moses from God written in stone 31:18
Concluding Thoughts On The Book Of Exodus
A. Moses on the Mount, receiving instructions from God
1. The Children of Israel resorted to doing their own thing.
2. Exodus 32:1-10, they resorted to the ways of the world, the worshipping of false Gods,
refusing to obey God instructions as given to them by God through God’ man, Moses.
Vs 7, they have “corrupted themselves”
3. Acts 7:38-42
4. The sin of the congregation – they refused to listen to God’s man
Proverbs 14:12 & 16:25 B. God gives instructions through a called leader; here is was Moses
B. God gives instructions through a called leader; here is was Moses
1. Exodus 40:19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29, 32
2. God’s people are to follow their God given and God called leader
a. pray for him
b. help him
c. work with him
d. follow his leading
C. When people are left to themselves, they tend to go astray
1. here in Exodus, we have an example of this
2. they did “their own thing” also Vs 25
D. A picture of God Grace Exodus 32:10-14
E. God disciplines His people for their sin Exodus 32:34-35; Hebrews 12:6
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Old Testament Studies by Dr. Charles Bonner
The Book of Genesis
Introduction: Genesis is a Book of beginnings. The human writer: Moses.
The author: The Holy Spirit
The beginning of heaven and earth
The beginning of plants and animals
human life and sin
Genesis is the beginning of everything …. except … God
It is the beginning but has no finality
The beginning of idolatry
The Book of Genesis is quoted over 60 times in the New Testament. The recorded events of the Book of Genesis cover a period of 2,315 years. It begins with Genesis 1:1 “In the beginning God …” and it closes with Genesis 50:26 “… in a coffin in Egypt.”
Genesis has five chief divisions
2. Fall and redemption
3 Cain, Seth and the flood
4. Flood to Babel
5. Abraham to the death of Joseph
Why study the Old Testament? Romans 15:4; Galatians 3:24
Eight famous men of the Old Testament
1. Adam 2. Abel 3. Enoch 4. Noah 5. Abraham 6. Isaac 7. Jacob 8. Joseph
A. Theistic evolutionists teach God created by means of evolution.
1. this is not Bible theology nor science nor evolution
2. God created vs 1
3. Notice several verses on God’s creation: God said = spoke
a. vs 3 c. vs 9 e. vs 20 g. vs 26
b. vs 6 d. vs 11 f. vs 24
4. Notice the divisions of days
a. vs 5 “… and the evening and the morning were the first day.”
b. vs 8 c. vs 13 d. vs 23 e. vs 31
5. Man – chapter 2:5 refers back to Genesis 1:27
B. The oldest profession 2:5, 15
C. The Garden was “Eastward” in Eden 2:8 or in the Eastern part of Eden.
II. God Makes Abraham A Promise Genesis 12:1-3 and 13:15-16
A. This is an unconditional promise
B. Abraham didn’t have to do anything for God to keep His promise
C. Man’s folly or impatience; lack of faith; disobedience; sin Genesis 16:1-16
D. Ishmael means “God shall hear”
E. Genesis 17:1-8; vs 15-19; vs 8 God gives Abraham & his seed, the land of Canaan
F. the Covenant is with Isaac Genesis 17:20-21
G. symbol of the Covenant – Genesis 17:10-12 – violated with Ishmael vs 25
H. God again confirms the Covenant 18:11-14
I. birth of Isaac 21:9-13
J. Synopsis of the situation
1. God tells Abram that he and his wife will have a son; they are old & she can’t have any
2. Sarai tells Abram to have a child with her maid, Hagar 16:1-2.
a. this is man running ahead of God – not waiting on God
b. this is man trying to do God’s will man’s way
c. this is sin: disobedience, immorality
d. God’s promise follows the legitimate line through Isaac – Genesis 17:21
e. the illegitimate line is Ishmael – the Arab peoples. God still made them great because
of God’s promise to Abram.
f. both peoples trace their lineage back to Abraham. Both claim God’s promise of the
land of Canaan to Abram’s seed 17:8
g. they’ve fighting over the land for centuries
h. the continual fighting and unrest is a product of man’s sin
III. Sodom And Gomorrah Chap. 19
A. In Chapter 18, God would not destroy them if there were even 10 righteous people in
Them, vs 33. There evidently were not that many there.
B. Chapter 19 – two angels came to Sodom to see Lot. They were most likely two of the
three angels that had met with Abraham in 18:2.
1. Lot treated them hospitable – he also invited them in vs 2
2. vs 4, the men (sodomites) of Sodom, surrounded the house
3. vs 5, they wanted to perpetrate their wickedness upon the men – Lots guests
4. vs 8, Lot offers his two daughters in their place
a. shows Lot’s perversion
b. shows Lot’s disreguard & disrespect for himself, his wife and his daughters as well
as for God
5. vs 9, the sodomites tried to break in Lot’s house
6. vs 10 the men (angels) rescued Lot and smote the queers with blindness
7. vs 13-15, the angels will destroy the wicked city. Shows the power of God’s angels
8. vs 16 Lot lingered – he had become so attached to the sinful place he was living in, he
did not want to leave it. If Lot had recognized the wickedness of the city, he would
have left it long before this time.
9. vs 16, the angels had to drag Lot and his family out of the city.
10. vs 28 the fate of the cities
11. vs 31-38 the continued sin of Lot and his family
IV. Isaac: Chapter 25-26
A. God continues His formation of His chosen nation, Israel Chapter 25:11
B. God confirms His covenant to Isaac, that He had given to Abraham 26:3-5, 24
A. Steals Esau’s Blessing; he deceives his father 27:1-25
B. Jacob receives the blessing reserved for his brother Esau 27:26-46
C. Jacob receives the Abrahamic Covenant 28:3-4; 13-14
D. Esau married into Ishmael family 28:9
E. Jacob’s name changed to Israel 32:28
1. Jacob had 12 sons
2. Jacob’s 12 sons became the 12 tribes of Israel
The Messianic Line Of Christ – Genesis 49:8-10
! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! !
Reuben Simeon Levi Judah Dan Naphtali Gad Asher Issachar Zebulon Joseph Benjamin
29:32 29:33 29:34 29:35 30:6 30:8 30:13 30:13 30:18 30:20 30:24 35:18
F. Jacob waits 14 years for his bride – he reaped what he sowed earlier
VI. Joseph; Genesis 37-50
A. He was the oldest son of Jacob and Rachel; Gen. 37:3
1. He was the favorite son of his father
2. Because he was favored, his brothers hated him and sold him into slavery into Egypt Genesis 37:18-36
B. God uses Joseph and brings him to a powerful position in Egypt chapters 37-48
1. He is tested in the house of Potiphar Gen. 39:1-23
2. Joseph does the right thing, yet is framed and goes to prison; vs 7-14, 20,22
3. Pharaoh has a dream chap. 41
a. Pharaoh’s magicians could not interpret the dream; vs 8
b. Pharaoh calls for Joseph, vs 14, to interpret the dream
c. there would be 7 years of plenty and then 7 years of famine, vs 29-30
4. Pharaoh puts Joseph in charge over all the land of Egypt 41:40-44
C. Joseph’s brothers come to Egypt to buy corn; chapter 42
D. Joseph tells his brothers who he really is chapter 45
E. God took something evil and made something good from it; Genesis 50:20
Joseph is one of the most complete types of Christ in the Old Testament
Similarities Joseph Christ
Both were beloved of their fathers Gen. 37:3 Matt. 3:17; 17:5
Both were sold by their own Gen. 37:27-28 Matt. 26:15
Both were taken to Egypt Gen. 37:26 Matt. 2:14-15
Both were falsely accused Gen. 39:13-15 Matt. 26:59-60
Both had two fellow sufferers, Gen. 40:20-21 Luke 23:39-43
one was saved and one condemned
Both were exalted after suffering Gen. chap. 39-41 Phil. 2:7-9
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This is a very BRIEF Outline on this subject
The word “anoint” is used a few different ways in the Bible. It was customary to anoint kings, prophets, and priests, on their entering on their office, as a part of the ceremony of inauguration.
Exodus 28:41 & 40:15
Prophets of old were anointed. Isaiah 61:1 & I Samuel 10:1
The word “anoint” is applied also to Christians as being consecrated or set apart to the service of God by the Holy Spirit; a use of the word which is derived from the sense of consecrating, or setting apart, to the service of God.
I John 2:20 & I John 2:27
The word “consecrate = “dedicate;” “to be clean both ceremonially and morally;” “prepare.”
Hebrews 10:20: “dedicate.”
Christians should be concreted or dedicated to the service of the Lord.
“Unction” as used in I John 2:20: anointing, or the enlightening and sanctifying influences of the Holy Spirit. Here, John reminds them that their anointing; their power etc was from the “Holy One.” I John 2:18 – There were, back in John’s day, false or antichrists. These antichrists posed as the equals of or even superior to Christ himself.
Vs 19 – ‘.. they were not of us …” There were, in John’s day, as well as in our day, people who falsely profess Christ as Savior. They were not “true” Christians.
So, John teaches them that what they (true Christians) have, is from God and it is not the same as those who pretend to be Christians.
Vs 21 – what they have from God is Truth.
I John 2:27 – The anointing that they have, they received from God. It abides in them.
The word “abideth:” to stay (in a given place, state, relation or expectancy): abide, continue, dwell, endure, be present, remain, stand.
Here we see the promise of Hebrews 13:5 & John 14:16 – 17.
Oil is a symbol of the Holy Spirit: Psalm 92:10. This is to be understood spiritually of the strength, comfort, and prosperity which God imparts to the righteous through his providence, word, and Spirit.
Those who put their trust in God shall continually receive from Him new strength for the performance of the new services which he requires of them.
Our power comes from: The Holy Spirit; from reading God’s Word, given to us by the Holy Spirit. It also comes from prayer as we speak to God: strengthened by: Eph. 3:16