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If I were to ask you the question: “If you were to die right now, are you 100% sure that you would go to heaven?” What would be your reply?
Many have said: “No one knows for sure.” or “I’m 95-99% sure.” “I don’t know.” I run into a few who say with surety: “I am sure I would go to heaven.”
I would like to share with you, from the Bible, God’s Word, how you can be 100% sure.
I John 5:13 says: “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God”. Notice the word “know.” When you know something you are 100% sure.
Now, how can you know? To simply determine this, one must know what the Bible says in regard to salvation. Some believe that their religion will save them …. But they are not sure of heaven either. Many will say that “I must do the best I can.” Others: “Keep the 10 commandments.” This all amounts to a system of good works.
I submit to you, that if our religion or good works would save our souls – then why did Jesus die on the cross? Let’s see what the Bible says about our good works.
Ephesians 2:8-9 “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast”.
Galatians 3:1-3 “O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?”
In Romans 11:6 we read: “And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work”.
Now, I realize that if I put all of the verses on works from the Bible in this post – it would be very lengthy. Would you read it all? The verses above basically teach us that our good deeds do not save us – we cannot save ourselves – we need the salvation that the Lord provides for us.
Galatians 3:24-25 regarding the Law – reads as follows: “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster”.
Here we read that the Law was given to show us what sin is. The Law was our teacher, to teach us right from wrong. Why? So we could be saved by faith.
One day, someone took their Bible and shared with me how to be sure of heaven. Allow me to share it with you. It changed my life and my destiny.
First of all – in the Book of Romans 3:10 “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:”
Vserse 12 reads: “They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one”. Then verse 23: “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” I thought “I’m in a bad spot. If I am not good or righteous and am a sinner, I have no hope. What will I do?”
The person went on to share with me the following. Romans 5:8 “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” He explained that God loved me so much that He sent Jesus to die for me. Jesus Christ paid for all my sins, He took the punishment for me, so that I wouldn’t have to.
The, he went to Romans 6:23 which reads: “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord”. Hmmmm I’m going to die one day, where will I go?
Being a sinner, I would surely go to hell. But I read and was told that God has a gift for me. That gift is eternal life and it comes from Jesus Christ. God’s gift does not come through me or my goodness or my keeping the 10 Commandments, but it is a GIFT.
O.K. How do I get God’s gift? Romans 10:9-10 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation” God’s gift is received by us when we acknowledge that we are a sinner;
and then we receive Christ into our hearts and lives.
Verse 13 reads: “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Whosoever means ANYBODY can be saved and it by faith in what God did for us. Whosover means YOU.
In II Peter 3:9 we are told that God is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. You see, God’s will is for folks to be saved and NOT to perisy = spend eternity in hell. My friend, God loves us so much that He made a plan for mankind. That plan was for us to have eternal life – to be saved – to go to heaven. That plan was for God to come to this world as Jesus Christ – God’s “only begotten son.” He went to the Cross paying the price for every sin that you and I ever committed. He arose the third day, conquering death, hell and the grave fou you and for me. He offers us salvation, a FREE GIFT – forgiveness of sins and a home in heaven. He says that if we believe and receive, we shall be saved.
My friend, would you, now receive Jesus Gift of salvation? If so, the following prayer can be of a help to you. It is not just reciting some words, but it is belief in your heart.
“Dear God, I know that I am a sinner. Please forgive me of all my sins. I now ask Jesus Christ to come into my heart and save my soul. In Jesus name, A-men”.
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Introduction: The Books of Lamentations and Jeremiah were both written by the prophet Jeremiah. He is known as the “weeping prophet.” Jeremiah 9:1
The author: The Holy Spirit. Every prophecy of Jeremiah was from a broken heart to God’s people; the Tribe of Judah.
- Jeremiah was born into a priestly family: 1:1
- He was called before he was born, to be a prophet: 1:5-6
- For over 40 years, he was ridiculed, rejected, hated, beaten and plotted against, by the people, noblemen and kings.
- One king did seek his advice – but was not able to put it to use.
- Mostly, his preaching and warnings were rejected by the majority who branded Jeremiah, as a “meddler” and as a “traitor.”
Central Theme of this Book: “I will punish” and “I will restore”
The most famous chapters in this Book are 18 and 19. They record Jeremiah’s visit to the home of the Potter.
Chapter 18 – Jeremiah watches the potter mold the clay
Chapter 19 – he takes the finished vessel and breaks it in the Valley of Hinnom.
In viewing these chapters, we not only see a picture of Judah, but also of ourselves and of our relationship to God.
I. The Potter: 18:1-4
- God wanted to control Israel for her own good
- Israel was at the mercy of blind fate: ONLY if she made that choice
- Reference: Romans 8:28
- The potter has a plan for his clay
- Notice: the clay BELONGS to the potter
- He sees the finished product in his mind – BEFORE he begins and completes it
- In the same fashion, God, the Divine Potter directs our lives
- He uses circumstances: crises – disasters – parents – teachers – etc. to shape us
- It takes time to make a special product and God is never in a hurry
II. The Clay: 18:4-6
- In this text: the clay represented Judah
- The Biblical application is to each and every one of our lives
- Clay is of little value unless it is molded by the hands of a skilled potter
- the same is true of a human life
- our lives are of little value unless molded by the hands of the Divine Potter
- clay has to be clean and tempered in order to be usable by the potter
- we must be tempered by trials – struggles – and the experiences of life so that we will yield to the hand of the Potter
III. The Potter’s Wheel: 18:3
- God wanted Judah to know some important things
- The potter spins the wheel at his own speed and is complete control
- God was in control of the circumstances etc. for the tribe of Judah
- In the same way – God has a timetable for our lives
- God is in control of our lives
IV. The Vessel: 18:4-6
- Marred: 18:4
- “Corrupt” “spoiled” “wasted”
- Jeremiah 18:6: Romans 9:20-23
- The vessel made over 18:4
- It did not stand in the working; it got out of shape; or some gravel or small stone having been incorporated with the mass of clay, made a breach in that part where it was found, so that the potter was obliged to knead up the clay afresh, place it on the wheel, and form it anew; and then it was such a vessel as seemed good to the potter to make it.
- When we let things into our lives and don’t get rid of them: God may have to “start over” in working on us
- God wants to make us into something special – He wants to mold us into His image:Romans 8:29
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Introduction: In the Old Testament, we can group the Books into approximately three different categories. Genesis through Esther is history; Job through Song of Solomon is poetry; while Isaiah through Malachi is prophecy.
We are now at the Old Testament writings by the prophets. There are 17 in number and generally divided into 5 Major Prophets and 12 Minor Prophets. They are not called “major” or “minor” prophets because some are more important than others. They are referred to such because of the amount of material in each Book. The Books of poetry were written during the golden age of Israel; the Books of prophecy were written during days of apostasy in Israel.
Definition of a prophet: derived from a verb signifying “to bubble forth” like a fountain; hence the word means one who announces or pours forth the declarations of God. A spokesman; speaker. They were authoritative and influential men of God. They were direct spokesmen of God; they received their messages directly from God and preached them to the people. Therefore, “prophet” means: one who speaks for another. When put in proper context, we will know if that spokesman is speaking for God or for some man or some other deity; Numbers 12:6-8 Deuteronomy 13:1-5 – II Peter 1:21.
Matthew 11:13 – Luke 16:16: Prophets …. until John. “Until” is a conjunction, preposition and adverb of continuance, until (of time and place): (un-)til(-l), (hither-, un-, up) to. The prophets lasted until the time of John the Baptist. “The law and the prophets were in force until John: from that time the Gospel takes place; and humble upright men receive it with inexpressible earnestness,” John Wesley.
The prophets taught, or continued to instruct. They were the instructors concerning the Christ who was to come. John the Baptist came and showed that all the predictions of the Messiah, were now about to be fully and finally accomplished; for Christ was now revealed. There was 400 silent years between the closing of the Old Testament Books and the beginnings of the Gospel. John the Baptist is clearly New Testament and NOT an Old Testament prophet. Today, those who call themselves prophets are not “God called” but “self-called.”
Central message of Isaiah: Jehovah is supreme Ruler and the ONLY Saviour.
Author: The Holy Spirit of God Human writer: The Prophet Isaiah
Chronological Order Of The Prophets: According to Ussher
- Prophets Before The Exile
- Jonah to Nineveh – 862 B.C.
- To the 10 Tribes of Israel
- Amos – 787 B.C.
- Hosea – 785 – 725 B.C.
- Obadiah – 887 B.C.
- Joel – 800 B.C.
- To Judah
- Isaiah – 760 – 698 B.C.
- Micah – 750 – 710 B.C.
- Nahum – 713 B.C.
- Habakkuk 626 B.C.
- Zephaniah – 630 B.C.
- Jeremiah – 629 – 588 B.C.
- Prophets During The Exile
- Ezekiel – 595 – 574 B.C.
- Daniel – 607 – 534 B.C.
III. Prophets After The Exile
A. Haggai – 520 B.C.
B. Zechariah – 520 – 518 B.C.
C. Malachi – 397 B.C.
IV. The Book Of Isaiah Shows Absolute Proof that Christ Is God
A. Isaiah 19:20; 43:3, 11; 45:15, 21; 49:26, 60:16, 63:8
B. Isaiah 53 is direct and obvious prophecies of Christ
C. There are many New Testament Scriptures that make it obvious that Jesus Christ is the Saviour; the ONE spoken about by the Prophet Isaiah
1. Luke 1:47; 2:11; John 4:42; Acts 5:31, 13:23; Philippians 3:20; II Timothy 1:10
2. Titus 1:3-4; 2:10-13; 3:4-6; II Peter 1:1,11; 2:20; 3:2,18; I John 4:14
V. The Lowliness Of The Messiah’s Arrival
- Isaiah 53:2
- He did not come as the Jews expected Him to come
- No political deliverance
- no great ceremony befitting a King
- born to a carpenter’s family
- born to a family of Northern Galilee; a place and family from which nothing was expected
- a “root out of dry ground” Isaiah 53:2 – Romans 15:12
- dry ground – where no one would expect it to grow – before unbelieving Jews
- root – Vs 1 – “the arm of the Lord is revealed. (1) the same Hebrew for the above is used in Genesis 3:15 – Christ is the seed (2) roots have no beauty in them (3) the root is that of a decayed tree springing up into a new tree – Isaiah 11:1 “tender plant” – “a suckling” Job 14:7 – a young shoot springing up from old stock
- No form or comeliness – beauty
- magnificence, ornament or splendor: beauty, excellency, glorious, glory, goodly, honor, majesty.
- the beauty of Christ was moral; holiness; love etc.
- this is an inward beauty and not outward.
VI. He Suffered For Us
- Isaiah 53:4-5 “… He was wounded for our transgressions.” I Peter 2:24
- He took in our place; our sufferings, it was God’s will I John 4:10
- He was / is guiltless = sinless: Isaiah 53:9; I Peter 2:22; Luke 23:1-22
- He made His grave with the wicked – Isaiah 53:9
- He was crucified between two thieves – Matthew 27:38
- “with the rich …” Joseph of Arimathea – Matthew 27:57-60 and Nicodemus – John 19:38-42
- He was made an offering for sin – Isaiah 53:10
- Isaiah 53:12 – He was numbered with the transgressors’ – Matthew 27:38 – two thieves
- He bare the sins of many – Isaiah 53:12 – Matt. 26:28 – Hebrews 9:28
- He made intercession for the transgressors – Romans 8:34 – Hebrews 7:25 a. He constantly presents the merits of his death as a reason why we should be saved. b. The precise mode, however, in which he makes intercession in heaven for his people is not revealed. The general meaning is, that he undertakes their cause, and assists them in overcoming their foes and in their endeavors to live a holy life. (Barnes) c. I John 2:1 – an advocate – one who has undertaken, and is fully able, to plead in behalf of every one who applies for pardon and salvation in his name, depending on his pleading for them. (Matthew Henry)
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Introduction: We now move from the writings of Solomon about the wisdom of God and the
vanity of human wisdom. Here we have a twofold interpretation.
- A love story – of marital love as ordained by God
- The story of Christ as He loves us. Hebrews 1:8-9: Psalms 45 which is a song of love.
Credible Bible Commentators (Matthew Henry for example) have said that this Book is:
“An allegory,” “ a parable,” “a nuptial song.” Here we read of the expressions of love between a bridegroom and His bride. They are set forth and illustrated showing the mutual affections that pass between God and a remnant of mankind.”
Song of Solomon was written to the Jews. They believed that the ideal marriage union as expressed in this Book, represent the relationship between God and His people, Israel.
Regardless of the interpretation, this song shows the tenderness and beauty of love, both human and divine. It teaches that God intends for human beings to enjoy physical love within the commandments of which God has given us.
Human writer: Solomon
Solomon 1:1 Refers to this Book as the “Song of Songs.” This means: “The finest of all songs.”
I Kings 4:32 tells us that Solomon wrote 1,005 songs
II Timothy 3:16 tells us “all Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable,”
The message also has application to us as well as Israel. Ephesians 5:25
The Bible, over and over again, reminds us of love. We are told what to love and what not to love. I John 2:15
The Bible is a love story; every page in the Bible is one of God’s love letters to us. The entire Bible shows WHY God loved the world; HOW God loved the world; and HOW LONG God will love the world.
The Rose Of Sharon: 2:1
- This express his presence with his people in this world, the easiness of our access to him, and the beauty and sweetness which we can find in him.
- The rose, for beauty and fragrance, is the chief of flowers, and our Saviour prefers the clothing of the lily before that of Solomon in all his glory.
- He is not a rose locked up in a garden
- all may come and receive benefit by him and comfort in him.
- He is a lily for whiteness
- a lily of the valleys for sweetness
- He is a lily of the valleys, or low places, in his humiliation, exposed to injury.
- Lily among thorns: 2:2
- the lily is white: the righteousness of Christ
- the rose is red: His blood
- thorns are the “wicked:” the unsaved in this world; II Samuel 23:6 –
- The title of daughter, is often given to whole nations.
Solomon 5:8-9, refers to Daughters of Jerusalem
- The “Rose of Sharon” is probably the cistus or rock-rose, several species of which abound in Palestine
- lilies were molded on the rim of the molten laver in the Temple: I Kings 7:26
Here’s The Story: Solomon 2:6
- His left hand “IS”
- His hand doth embrace
- Notice the change Solomon 8:3
- The word “should”
- He wants to embrace her, but she won’t let Him … rejection
- the sadness of folks rejecting Christ as Saviour
- the sadness of Christians who won’t live for Christ
III. The Bible Is A Wonderful Love Story
- 23 times: Solomon mentions the word “love” in this Book
- 3 times the word “loves”
- 5 times the word “loveth”
- Banner of love: Solomon 2:4
- the love of Christ is the banner under which we march
- He rescued us from the enemy and sat us at the banquet table under the banner of love. I John 4:8 (God is love)
- John 3:16 “For God so loved …” God loves sinners
- the “banqueting house” of Solomon 22:4 was the Temple
- Ephesians 5:25: Christ gave Himself for the Church
- we are to win folks to Christ
- bring them to the local church where they can be baptized and discipled
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Introduction: This is a Book of man reasoning about life. It is the “best” man can do with the knowledge that there is a Holy God and that God will bring everything into judgment.
Solomon had turned away from God and had become apostate. I Kings 11:1-8, Solomon worshipped idols and lived an adulterous life.
Solomon wrote his Proverbs in the prime of his life when he was serving God. Here, he has grown old. He speaks feelingly and was, by the grace of God, recovered from his back sliding’s. In this Book, Solomon writes his experiences and the wisdom which the multitudes of years teaches.
Human writer: Solomon Author: The Holy Spirit of God
The word “Ecclesiastes” means “The Preacher.” The scope of this Book is to show that it is a great mistake to do what we want to do, rather than what God wills for our life. Solomon shows the vanity of those things in which mankind commonly looks for happiness and prescribes remedies.
We often find the word “”Vanity” in this Book. The root word for this in the Hebrew, it means: “to be vain; to lead astray.” Here, it refers, in Ecclesiastes, to “emptiness; something transitory and unsatisfactory.” Human wisdom and earthly gain are really nothing in themselves. In the flesh of man, they only lead to dissatisfaction and emptiness.
Brief outline of this Book
We will see the progression of how the “Preacher” sought for the chief good
- Solomon Tells How He Sought Chief Good By Personal Experiment – chaps. 1-2
- All is vanity: 1:2 – there are at least 10 vanities in Ecclesiastes
- 2:15-16: the vanity of human wisdom
- 2:19-21: the vanity of human labor
- 2:26: the vanity of human purpose
- 4:4: the vanity of human envy
- 4:7: the vanity of human greed
- 4:16: the vanity of human fame
- 5:10: the vanity of earthly wealth
- 6:9: the vanity of human coveting
- 7:6 : the vanity of human frivolity
- 8:10 and 14: the vanity of human recognition
- Solomon sought good by natural wisdom: 1:12-18
- The search for man’s pleasure: 2:1-11
- it all turned out to be vexation of the spirit = “emptiness” to his soul: vs 11
- he did not profit from it: vs 11
- The question: 1:3; What is the profit of natural labors?
- he compares wisdom and folly: 2:12 – 23
- his conclusion: 2:24-26; Vs 24; “it was from the hand of God.”
Solomon’s Quest By Personal Observation Of The World And Of Human Affairs: chaps 3-5
- We live in a world of change: chap 3
- there are several events of time and conditions of life: 3:1-8
- they are all vastly different from each other and we continually pass and re-pass from one to another
- some of these changes are purely the act of God while others depend more on the will of man
- Human society is disfigured by injustices, inequalities, enigmas and superficial things chap. 4:1,4,15,16: this is vanity
- Advice: chap. 5
Vs1-7: councils us to mainstream a sincere observance of religion
Vs 10-12: teaches us what NOT to focus on
III. The Quest By Personal Morality: Chapters 6-8
- Material things cannot satisfy the soul
- A man may have riches, wealth and honor, but he cannot enjoy it unless God permits him to do so: 6:2
- more and more, the preacher is drawn to see the necessity of God: 7:13,14,18; 8:15-17
IV. His Quest Reviewed And Concluded: chaps 9-12
- Looking back over the way he has come, the preacher now says: 9:1
- He faces us with the facts: 9:2
- 9:3-12: he re-affirms that the true good is not to be found in pleasure or the absorption’s of this present life
- true good is not found in human wisdom: vs 13-18, even though wisdom is superior to folly
- True good is not found in expedient behavior; 10:1 because of the inevitable end; 11:8
Conclusion: What’s the answer? Could it be going with faith in God and life beyond? 11:9-10 and 12:1-7. In 11:8, he comes right back to where he was when he began. It’s the thought of that final judgment and that life beyond which gives the grand significance to life. He winds up, therefore, to his weighty, wise and inspired conclusion: 12:13-14
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Ruth Chapter #3
Introduction: We can look at Ruth as the Gentile Bride of Christ. Ruth is a Gentile who marries a Hebrew and symbolically brings all non-Jews (gentiles) into the lineage of Messiah. This means that the Gospel is for all people.
We can look at her life as a type of a Christian with decisions to make. She makes decisions about serving the Lord; finding rest in the Lord and being rewarded by the Lord.
This is a wonderful story of the grace of God.
Vs 1: Ruth finds rest:
Spiritually = full, abiding, present, eternal rest in the Lord.
Earthly = a place to settle down & live, a home.
The correlation: just like we want & need a place called home, here on this earth, God offers a place in heaven for all who believe & receive Christ.
Vs 2-7: Ruth decided to be with God’s people and to accept the God of the Hebrew peoples.
- Is it just enough to be saved by Christ, & that’s all?
- Believers receive the full enjoyment of Christ’s abiding rest.
- There is no real rest with the unsaved crowd.
- Remember, Boaz is a type of Christ
- Vs 4; Ruth comes to him by faith.
- Vs 5; she humbles herself before Boaz and surrenders to his will.
- In like fashion, Christians are to come to Christ, humble self before Him, and surrender to do HIS will.
- Vs 6-7; Ruth follows through, she takes action; obeys.
Vs 8-11: He sees Ruth, vs 8
- Vs 9; “spread thy skirt …”
- This means: to spread a skirt over one, in the East, symbolical action denoting protection.
- Ruth wants Boaz to protect her.
- To this day in many parts of the East, to say of anyone that: he put his skirt over a woman, is synonymous with saying that he married her; and at all the marriages of the modern Jews and Hindus, one part of the ceremony is for the bridegroom to put a silken or cotton cloak around his bride.
Vs 10-11: Boaz takes Ruth as his bride: (the price he paid is not mentioned).
- Jesus purchased all who are saved and made us His bride.
- The bride is to prepare for the wedding day.
- Saved people are to prepare for the day when we stand before Christ.
Vs 11: Ruth was known by what she did not do as well as what she did do.
- Ruth did the right thing, she behaved herself.
- Christians need to do the right thing: have a good Christian testimony.
- Boaz: “I will do …. all … thou requirest.”
- This means he will take her to be his bride.
The rest of the chapter deals with O.T. Law: Deuteronomy 25:5-10
This is symbolic: the Law cannot save. The Law condemns, it cannot save a soul.
Ruth Chapter # 4
Introduction: Recap, we find the following brief outline of the Book of Ruth.
- Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
- Her response, serving: chap. 2
- Her request: chap. 3
- Her reward: chap. 4
Remember, Boaz is a type of Christ.
Vs 1-5: Boaz asks the kinsman to buy or to redeem the land from Naomi &, vs 5, Ruth.
- Colossians 1:14 & Ephesians 1:7
- Our salvation cost something.
- It was bought & paid for by the life & death; shed blood of Jesus Christ.
- Jesus redeemed us.
- He bought & paid for you; He paid your sin debt in full: I Corinthians 6:19-20.
Vs 6: The kinsman = the Law, said that he could not redeem Naomi & Ruth.
Acts 13:39; Romans 8:3
Vs 7-8: “… man plucked off his shoe …”
This was a testimony; that the man who gave the shoe transferred his right to the one who received it.
This was according to God’s Law: Dueteronomy 25:7-9
Vs 9: The elders were witnesses to this action.
Vs 10: Boaz purchased Ruth to be his bride.
- Acts 20:28
- Ephesians 1:7
- Redemption = to pay a ransom in full.
- Revelation 21:9 & 19:7
Vs 11-12: Ruth turned her back on Moab & its gods.
- She turned to the God of Israel & became a child of God.
- This is a typology of a gentile bride who becomes a child of God, by redemption.
Vs 13: Ruth marries Boaz and has his child.
- Ephesians 3:6
- Romans 10:13
Vs 14-22: We find, from the marriage of Boaz to Ruth, a line to David who becomes King over Israel.
This is prophecy being fulfilled: Luke 1:27 & Matthew 1:17
Conclusion: The Book of Ruth is a wonderful example of the grace of God and that the Law cannot save.
Romans 8:3 tells us that the Law is weak in the matter saving a soul.
Romans 5:17-21 show us how much grace there is.
John 3:18 shows us the one sin that condemns a person to an eternity in hell.
That sin is the sin of rejecting Christ as Saviour.
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Introduction: The Book of Ruth is one of two Books of the Bible that has the name of a woman: Esther is the other one. Ruth is about a kind woman; a Moabite, Gentile, that marries a Hebrew. This story takes place during the Judges. The timeline for Ruth is about the time of Judges chapter 3 and 4.
Ruth is the widow of Mahlon, the son of Elimelech Naomi.
What does Ruth represent? Ruth 4:17 & 22: she symbolically brings all non Jews (gentiles) into the line of Messiah. Matthew 1:5. This means that the Gospel is for ALL people, not just a certain group of people.
CENTRAL MESSAGE: The Kinsman Redeemer
Divisions of the Book of Ruth
- Ruth makes a decision = choice: chap. 1.
- Her response, serving: chap. 2
- Her request: chap. 3
- Her reward: chap. 4
The reward of love: Ruth received a reward for her Godly love towards her mother in law. The reward was the kinsman redeemer; Boaz. Boaz is a picture or a type of Christ, our kinsman redeemer.
I.Requirement Of The Kinsman Redeemer
A. He MUST be willing: Lev. 25:25, Galatians 4:4-5
B. He MUST have the RIGHT to redeem: Lev. 25:48-49
C. He MUST have the POWER to redeem: Ruth 4:4-6, John 10:15-18.
II. Application To Christ
A. The unnamed kinsman: Ruth 4:6 represents the Law.
The Law is just and right but shows no love nor mercy.
B.The kinsman redeemer represents Christ, the expression of God’s love and mercy.
Gal. 3:13-14; Gal. 4:4-5
C. Christ was the only one willing and had the right and power to redeem us; both Jews and Gentiles.
I. Decisions have to be made. In your life & mine, we each have decisions to make.
A. Decisions should be made after searching the Word of God and much prayer.
B. The important thing is to find God’s perfect will for each of our lives.
II. Elimelech was married to Naomi, Vs 2.
A. They had 2 sons & 2 daughter’s in law.
B. Vs 3 Elimelech dies leaving his wife without a means of support.
C. Vs 5: The 2 sons also die.
D. Vs 5-7, Naomi decides to return to Moab
E. Vs 8-9, Naomi decides her 2 daughter’s in law should go home.
1. In Moab, as well as in Israel, widows were to dwell with their parents.
2. The women, in Moab, also had apartments distinct from the men, where the daughters lived with their mothers, and the sons lived with their fathers.
F. Vs 9, they wanted to stay with Naomi.
G. Vs 11-13, Naomi reasons with them.
1. She has no more sons.
2. She is to old to have any more sons.
3. Even if she could, these women would not wait for them to be old enough to marry. 4. In other words, Naomi basically tells them not to waste their time or their years on her.
H. Vs 14: Ruth & Orpah have made their decisions. Orpah chose the way of false gods.
I. Vs 15, 16, 17: Ruth chose to stay with Naomi.
J. Vs 18-19: It caused a stir when Naomi arrived.
- She was well known & well liked by the people there.
2. Naomi had been gone for about 10 years.
3. When she now comes home, she is changed or different than when she left.
K. Vs 20: Call me not Naomi, call me Mara.
- Naomi means pleasant.
2. Mara means bitter, sorrowful, grief & pain.
3. She had lost her husband and her two sons in a strange land.
4. Naomi went from a woman who was well provided for and had plenty, to a woman who now has no material wealth at all.
L. Vs 21: She went out full: husband, 2 sons, property, etc.
- Now she is empty = lost it all, death & cost of living.
2. God brought her back home.
3. There is a reason why God brought Naomi back home.
4. Naomi is a chastened believer; she blames God for her losses.
M. Vs 22: Beginning of barley harvest = beginning of spring.
- The barley harvest began immediately after the Passover which corresponds nearly with the end of our March.
2. God’s plan for Ruth & Naomi is unfolding
Ruth Chapter 2 Ruth Serving:
Vs 1: We see God at work.
- Naomi has a kinsman or a relative of her husband.
- His name was Boaz.
Vs 2: Ruth humbles herself.
- They go to glean the corn fields.
- Ruth looks for grace from the owner of the fields.
Vs 3: The right of gleaning was conferred by God’s Law on the widow, the poor,
and the stranger: Leviticus 19:9 & Deuteronomy 24:19.
- The liberty to glean behind the reapers was not a right that could be claimed;
- It was a privilege granted or refused according to the good will or favor of the owner.
3. This part of the field belonged to Boaz, a relative of Naomi.
Vs 4-6: Boaz arrives on the scene.
- Who is this young girl?
- He wants to know who is in his fields.
- They answer: she came with Naomi.
Vs 7: Ruth pleads with Boaz to let her continue gleaning.
- Ruth to a break with the farm hands.
- She, basically, is working with the farm hands.
Vs 8-10: He tells Ruth to only glean in his fields.
- Boaz is protecting her = grace.
- Vs 9: again, grace. Ruth, a gleaner, can drink form the vessels provided for to his workers.
3. Ruth, again, humbles herself: fell on her face.
4. Ruth tells him, she doesn’t deserve such wonderful treatment; she is a stranger. Matthew 25:35: grace, mercy, compassion.
Vs 11-12: Ruth was rewarded for her kindness & compassion to her mother in law.
- Vs 12, a full reward is given to Ruth.
- II Corinthians 9:6; Galatians 6:7-8
- Wings = protection and care.
- Referring to hens which protect and cherish their young ones under their wings.
Vs 13-19: These verses are filled with grace.
- Boaz allows Ruth to get more than she hoped for.
2. Romans 5:20: God gives us more than we deserve.
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Introduction: Date of this Book
-Year from the Creation, 3004.
-Year before the birth of Christ, 996.
-Year before the vulgar era of Christ’s nativity, 1000.
-Year since the Deluge, according to Archbishop Usher and the
English Bible, 1348.
-Year from the destruction of Troy, 185.
-Year before the first Olympiad, 224.
-Year before the building of Rome, 247.
The Word PROVERB means: in some original sense of superiority in mental action; properly, a pithy maxim, usually of metaphorical nature; hence, a simile (as an adage, poem, discourse):– byword, like, parable, proverb. An easier definition would be: “A lot of truth in a short sentence.”
Human Writer: The bulk of the Book of Proverbs was written by Solomon (so were Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon).
In the Bible, (up to Song of Solomon,) most of the Books were written by men of some status in this world. After Song of Solomon, most of the Books were written by the common man.
The job of the giving of the Law was given to men of esteem and might. The job of evangelizing the world is generally done by the common man; the weak and the lowly; I Corinthians 1:26-27.
The human writers, so far, were Moses, Joshua, Samuel, David and Solomon. Later, we will read Books written by: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Joel, Amos etc. In the New Testament: common men – fishermen. There are exceptions; Luke the physician, but they are very few and far between.
The Apostle Paul writes: “not many wise men ….”
A Book of Practical Wisdom
The Psalms are a great help to our devotional life while the Proverbs have been referred to as: “Laws from heaven for a life here on earth.”
Central message: The practical wisdom of God
Six basic divisions in the Book of proverbs
- Instructions to sons: chap. 1-7 2. Praise and wisdom: chap. 8-9 3. The folly of sin and wickedness: chap. 10-19 4. Warnings and instructions: chap. 20-29 5. The words of Agur
- 6. The words of King Lemuel.
The Structure Of A Proverb
There are three main types of Proverbs
- Contrastive: This is the most common type; it is known by the striking contrast of the two members joined commonly by the word “but. “ Chapters 10-15 are predominately of this type.
Proverbs 10:27 is an example of this.
- Completive: Here, the second “member” agrees with the first and carries that idea or thought to completeness. The word “AND” is the common connector. Proverbs 16:3 is a good example of this.
- Comparative: Here we find a striking comparison between the two thoughts, ideas or members. The word “THAN” is a common connector between them. A good example of this type Proverb would be Proverbs 15:16.
How To Read The Proverbs
The Proverbs are meant to be read with thought and not to rush your way through them. Read a few Proverbs and then think on what you have read and consider the truths that you have just read. Let them sink into your mind and soul Let’s look at a few Proverbs and see the Truths contained in them.
Proverbs 1:7 – When we begin to fear God – we will begin to learn. Fear is “moral reverence”
Proverbs 1:10 – Don’t fall victim to those who will tempt you to do wrong.
Entice means to “lure.”
Proverbs 3:5-7 – TRUST – Faith in the New Testament – faith is to believe.
Trust means take refuge in – lean on – roll on – to stay upon
The word TRUST is found 152 times in the Old Testament
Proverbs 4:18-19 – Are you walking down His path of Heavenly knowledge and love?
Are you growing in it?
Proverbs 6:16-20 – Tells us what God hates. We ought to hate what God hates and Chapter 8:13 also tells us that very same thing.
Proverbs 9:9 and 10:8 tells us about the giving and receiving of instruction.
Proverbs 13:20 – Be careful who we associate with. Just as a tree frog or a chameleon acquires the color of what it adheres to for a short time, in the same way, man is influenced by those who you associate with.
Proverbs 15:32 – learn to take constructive criticism and use it to improve your life for the Lord.
Proverbs 17:22 & 15:15 – Remember Readers Digest “Laughter is the best medicine?”
Learn to laugh: even at yourself.
Proverbs 18:24 – The way to make friends is to be one.. Take the initiative, go and talk to folks.
Proverbs 21:19 – Much to be said about making the little woman happy.
Proverbs 22:1-3 – Great instructions
Proverbs 23:1-7 – Godly council of who to avoid – our heart – our desires
Proverbs 23:29-33 – A warning against fermented beverages
Proverbs 24:17-19 – Instructions to us about our enemies
Proverbs 27:1 – None of us are guaranteed of another today
Proverbs 28:9 – It pays to listen to the Word of God
Proverbs 31:10-31 – The Virtuous woman
Proverbs 1:5-7: Receiving God’s Word
- Brings wisdom and knowledge
- Fear – reverential trust with a hatred of evil – Proverbs 8:13
- Fear is the beginning of wisdom – Proverbs 9:10 – 10:8 – 13:1
- hatred of evil – Proverbs 1:10 – Ephesians 5:11
Brings Instruction – Proverbs 9:9
- Not to turn away – Proverbs 28:9 & 14
- To confess sin – Proverbs 28:13
- To those who reject instruction – Proverbs 12:15 – 13:20 – 13:18
- It’s our spiritual food
- for strength
- to grow in grace
- to learn
- May we ever read and study and hold dear the precious Word of God.