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If I were to ask you the question: “If you were to die right now, are you 100% sure that you would go to heaven?” What would be your reply?
Many have said: “No one knows for sure.” or “I’m 95-99% sure.” “I don’t know.” I run into a few who say with surety: “I am sure I would go to heaven.”
I would like to share with you, from the Bible, God’s Word, how you can be 100% sure.
I John 5:13 says: “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God”. Notice the word “know.” When you know something you are 100% sure.
Now, how can you know? To simply determine this, one must know what the Bible says in regard to salvation. Some believe that their religion will save them …. But they are not sure of heaven either. Many will say that “I must do the best I can.” Others: “Keep the 10 commandments.” This all amounts to a system of good works.
I submit to you, that if our religion or good works would save our souls – then why did Jesus die on the cross? Let’s see what the Bible says about our good works.
Ephesians 2:8-9 “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast”.
Galatians 3:1-3 “O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?”
In Romans 11:6 we read: “And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work”.
Now, I realize that if I put all of the verses on works from the Bible in this post – it would be very lengthy. Would you read it all? The verses above basically teach us that our good deeds do not save us – we cannot save ourselves – we need the salvation that the Lord provides for us.
Galatians 3:24-25 regarding the Law – reads as follows: “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster”.
Here we read that the Law was given to show us what sin is. The Law was our teacher, to teach us right from wrong. Why? So we could be saved by faith.
One day, someone took their Bible and shared with me how to be sure of heaven. Allow me to share it with you. It changed my life and my destiny.
First of all – in the Book of Romans 3:10 “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:”
Vserse 12 reads: “They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one”. Then verse 23: “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” I thought “I’m in a bad spot. If I am not good or righteous and am a sinner, I have no hope. What will I do?”
The person went on to share with me the following. Romans 5:8 “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” He explained that God loved me so much that He sent Jesus to die for me. Jesus Christ paid for all my sins, He took the punishment for me, so that I wouldn’t have to.
The, he went to Romans 6:23 which reads: “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord”. Hmmmm I’m going to die one day, where will I go?
Being a sinner, I would surely go to hell. But I read and was told that God has a gift for me. That gift is eternal life and it comes from Jesus Christ. God’s gift does not come through me or my goodness or my keeping the 10 Commandments, but it is a GIFT.
O.K. How do I get God’s gift? Romans 10:9-10 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation” God’s gift is received by us when we acknowledge that we are a sinner;
and then we receive Christ into our hearts and lives.
Verse 13 reads: “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Whosoever means ANYBODY can be saved and it by faith in what God did for us. Whosover means YOU.
In II Peter 3:9 we are told that God is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. You see, God’s will is for folks to be saved and NOT to perisy = spend eternity in hell. My friend, God loves us so much that He made a plan for mankind. That plan was for us to have eternal life – to be saved – to go to heaven. That plan was for God to come to this world as Jesus Christ – God’s “only begotten son.” He went to the Cross paying the price for every sin that you and I ever committed. He arose the third day, conquering death, hell and the grave fou you and for me. He offers us salvation, a FREE GIFT – forgiveness of sins and a home in heaven. He says that if we believe and receive, we shall be saved.
My friend, would you, now receive Jesus Gift of salvation? If so, the following prayer can be of a help to you. It is not just reciting some words, but it is belief in your heart.
“Dear God, I know that I am a sinner. Please forgive me of all my sins. I now ask Jesus Christ to come into my heart and save my soul. In Jesus name, A-men”.
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The Book Of Malachi
Intro: This is the last call of the Old Testament before the voice of prophecy dies into a silence of 400 years. The last spokesman utters his soul and retires behind the mystery curtains of the past.
The meaning and the message: This Book is an appeal – powerful and passionate … pleading for God’s people to repent of sin and turn to God … chapter 1:1-2 – vs 6-11
The key thought of Malachi: Malachi 2:17
I. An appeal in viewing their present sin: chap. 1-2
A. God speaks; the priests are appealed to: 1:6 – 2:9
1. 1:8: they offered what they didn’t want, to the Lord
2. 1:14: what they offered to the Lord was corrupt
B. Malachi speaks (message from the Lord) 2:10-17
1. They wearied the Lord: 2:17
2. They said the evil was good: 2:17
II. An appeal in viewing the Coming Day: chap. 3-4
A. God will judge the guilty on that Day
1. God will send His messenger to prepare the way – 3:1
2. John the Baptist was that messenger
3. The Day of His coming:- 3:2
4. This is the 1st coming of Christ
5. The religious leaders and people had sank to a new low of formalism and being
nonchalant about the things of God; they were living in hypocrisy.
6. God will judge: 3:4-5
7. God changes not; He is always the same: 3:6
8. Tithing is taught: 3:8-11. Note: vs 11: I Corinthians 16:1-2
B. God will bless the Godly in that Day
1. Vs 14: the ungodly find it vain to serve God
2. Vs 16-17: the Godly belong to God
3. God will send Elijah: 4:5
4. The appeal: 4:4-6
Malachi ends the Old Testament with a final promise of the coming of Christ; then we have
400 years of silence.
Next, the New Testament opens in the fulfillment of the prophecy with the first coming of Christ, with John the Baptist paving the way.
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The Book Of Zechariah
Introduction: Like Haggai, Zechariah was a prophet to the Jewish remnant that returned after the 70 year exile. Much of Zechariah is to be interpreted in light of related prophecy. This Book is surpassed in prophecies of Christ only by the Book of Isaiah.
The man and the Book: The name Zechariah means: remembered of the Lord.
His work began approximately 2 months after Haggai’s and their works parallel each other. Most of this Book is made up of eight (8) visions encouraging the rebuilding of the Temple and four (4) visions of the Messianic Kingdom.
I. The Rider On The Red Horse – Chap. 1
A. Vs 8: Myrtle Trees = an emblem of peace; intimating that all war was to end shortly
B. Vs 8: The Man = Vs 9 “oh my lord” “And the angel that talked with me …”
Vs 11-12: the angel of the Lord. … This man is the pre-incarnate Christ, the second
person of the Trinity.
C. Vs 8: riding = implies swiftness in executing God’s will in His providence; hastening to
help His people.
D. Vs 8: “in the bottom …” = in a low place or by the river bottom, as in “bottom land”.
The Euphrates and Tigris River in Babylon, was the scene of Judah’s captivity.
E. Red Horse = this implies bloodshed – this implies the vengeance that will come upon the
enemies of Israel.
F. Vs 8: red horses “speckled and white” = the white implies victory and triumph for Judah
Speckled = from a Hebrew word meaning “to intertwine” the red was mixed with the white
which shows the wrath (red) about to come upon Judah’s enemies and “triumph” (white)
G. Vs 16: prophecy of the Lord’s return and the Temple to be rebuilt
II. The Four Horns – Four Carpenters – chap. 1:18- 21
A. Vs 18: Horns are symbols of power
1. Four horns = the four (4) powers that had oppressed the Jews: Babylon, Persia,
Chaldea, and Egypt.
2. The head of each power is their king; so a horn also represents the king of each nation
B. Vs 20-21: carpenters = craftsman or an engraver. They work in brass and iron as well as
working in wood.
1. These are four other powers who would defeat the powers represented by the four
2. Vs 21: “these are come to fray …” the carpenters will “fray” or beat down, to destroy,
NOTES: God will always find men to do his work – there were horns to be cut off. Here are the carpenters or artificers; God will always find the right sort of men. God choose men of ability to empower them to do His will and to defeat the enemy..
God will always find enough men to do His work and His will. There were four horns, so are there four smiths to beat them to pieces. Empires which have opposed the Lord have been crushed to powder, it always be so. No power can stand against the Lord of Hosts.
III. The Man With The Measuring Line – Chap. 2
A. The City of Jerusalem shall be (future tense) restored and made bigger or enlarged: 2:2-5
B. Those Jews exiled will return to the Land: 2:6-7
C. Jehovah God will protect His people and He will make their enemies a “spoil:” 2:8-9
D. Many nations will be converted or joined to the Lord: 2:10-13
E. Man with a measuring line: 2:1
1. He is also represented in Ezekiel 40:3
2. He is found in Revelation 21:15 & Ezekiel 41:1-26
3. There are several other Scriptures which represent this … The Man is none other than
God Himself. The Jews are, here, encouraged to go forward with the building of the
Temple and they are also encouraged for future restoration.
V. Visions Four Through Eight
A. Four: Joshua, the High Priest and satan- chap. 3
1. This pictures the removing of iniquity and the future glory of Israel
2. When we stand before God, to serve Him, or stand up for God, we must expect to
meet all the resistance satan’s subtlety and malice can give to us
3. Vs 3: filthy garments = their removal is symbolic of the removing of iniquity from
Joshua … representing his people.
B. Five: The golden candlestick and the two olive trees -chap. 4
1. Vs 2: candlestick is light = Israel was to send forth the light of the Gospel;
the Temple was to be rebuilt – vs 9 – so that the Word of God could be sent forth as a
light shining in a world full of the darkness of sin.
2. Vs 11-14: reference to Revelation 11:3-4
C. Six: The Flying roll; 5:1-4
1. This represents the Word of God that judges
2. Vs 2: 30’ X 14’
3. Vs 4: The Word of God goes against sin and wickedness
D. Seven: the “epah” vs 6, was the old time Jewish symbol for trade and the woman,
1. Vs 7: the two women, vs 9; represent Babylonian corruption which leavened the
commerce of the remnant that had returned. The two women, more specifically, are
sent to carry away the corrupt woman.
2. Vs 9: Stork = an unclean bird
E. Eight: The Four War Chariots; chap. 6:1-8
1. The judgment of the Lord upon the nations
2. Vs 9-15: Joshua is crowned as a type of Christ … the immediate meaning of that is
simply: Jehovah God, as He sends forth His chariot judgment on the Gentile powers that
surrounded Israel, has returned with mercies and gracious promises to His remaining
3. Vs 1: four chariots represent swift coming, Divine judgment
4. Four angels driving the chariots are … vs 5, the four spirits of the heavens.
NOTES: The underlying idea that runs throughout this prophecy is summed up in chapter 1:14-16. This Book takes us to the immediate need of God’s people to the ultimate fulfillment at Christ’s second Coming. We also can realize why these passages are relating to the future is that when the Messiah came and offered Himself to His people, Israel, they rejected Him and crucified Him.
V. The Law And The Restoration And Enlargement Of Israel: chap. 7-8
A. To obey is better than fasting: chap. 7:1-7
B. Their past misery was because of their disobedience: 7:8-14
C. The people need restoration: chap. 8
VI. The Four Visions Of The Messianic Kingdom: chaps. 9-14
A. The Messianic King: chap. 9-10
B. The rejected Shepherd: chap. 11
C. The restored and penitent people: chaps. 12-13
D. Summarized events when Christ returns in glory: chap. 14
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The Book Of Haggai
Introduction: Haggai was relatively unknown but he voiced God’s message to the leaders of the Jews who had returned after 70 years of captivity.
Haggai writes to:
1. Rebuke and to instruct the remnant of the Jews: they were divided.
2. To admonish and to encourage the builders of God’s House.
The man and the Book: Haggai was born in Babylon and he returned to the Land. This was done due to the decree of Cyrus under Zerubbabel.
This Book covers a period of about 4 months, in the year of 520 B.C. It takes place 16 years after the return of the first group who came back to the Land.
Haggai writes regarding their problem: 14 years of inactivity. The Temple should have been rebuilt but the people didn’t build it.
The people were in apathy and that is why they basically sat there doing nothing in the Lord’s work for those 14 years.
Central message: Chapter 1:7-8
Haggai’s Four Fold Message
I. The Appeal To Rebuild The Temple: Chap. 1
A. Build The House
1. Vs 2: “the people say”
2. Vs 3-4: God’s Word says …..
a. God’s Word came to Haggai, God’s man
b. God was leading Haggai to rebuke and to encourage – His House needed to be built
B. Vs 5 – “…Consider your ways:” their thinking; attitudes; direction; needed to change
1. Vs 6: God was not blessing them in any labor of their hands, unless they rebuild His
Temple and restore His worship
a. God will not bless our labors when we fail to follow His Word.
b. They thought they could escape poverty by keeping their money and not give it to
God’s House; there was not enough to rebuild God’s House because of that
Proverbs 13:7 and 11:24
Instead of cheating God; they cheated themselves
c. Sown: but crop failures … bring in little = not enough food to eat
d. Not filled with drink: nothing satisfied them
e. Because of crop failures, there was not enough money to buy clothing
f. Their wages went into a bag full of holes: figurative. No matter how much they
made … there was never enough to go around.
2. Vs 7: Consider your ways. Is it right to build a nice house and neglect God’s house
consider whether your lack is due to God’s punishment due to your lack of giving
God what is really His
II. A Message Of Support: Chap 2
A. Vs 4: “… I am with you …” – Hebrews 13:5
B. “Be strong …” don’t let this discourage you
C. Vs 6-7: God is in control
1. Vs 6: God will shake the heavens etc.
2. Vs 7: God will shake all nations
3. Vs 8: poverty should not hinder them …. all things come from God. Depend on Him for
their financial needs
III. A Message To Confirm: Chap. 2
A. Vs 19: “from this day will I bless you.”
B. The seed has been planted
1. Harvest is months away
2. Harvest of the fruit trees is also a while off
3. In the past, they have had crop failures
4. God’s Word says: trust in the Lord and not in nature
5. Their obedience will bring the blessing of God
IV. A Message To Assure: Chap. 2
A. Vs 23: “I will take thee” “I will make thee as” “ I have chosen thee”
1. I will take thee: God’s leading and protection
2. I will make thee as a signet: a signature ring used as a seal. God will make them
very precious. He will exalt Zerubbabel to high dignity and power. He shall be
3. I have chosen thee: “chosen” here, means appointed. God had a work for him to do.
God had a plan for Zerubbabel and He has a plan for you.
B. God’s Word gives assurance
1. Acts 17:31
2. Colossians 2:2
Conclusion: Matthew 6:33 is a great rule in God’s Word to follow. When we “consider our ways” and turn back to God, obey His Word in ALL things … He will bless.
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The Book Of Habakkuk
The Human Writer: Habakkuk prophesied during the later years of King Josiah. He also lived during the time of Jeremiah. The name Habakkuk means: “embracing.”
Habakkuk speaks to God concerning Habakkuk’s concerns about God’s working among the nations. Habakkuk 1:4; 1:13 = why do the wicked prosper?
The Central Message of the book: Chapter 2:4b “… but the just shall live by his faith.”
Background: The Assyrian Empire had fallen as Nahum had prophesied: Egypt and Babylon were trying to dominate the world. The Babylonians and Chaldeans were united together under King Nebuchadnezzar and would conquer Judah.
Habakkuk could not understand why a nation like Babylon, with all its wickedness, could conquer a nation like Judah. After all, Judah’s sins were not as bad as Babylon’s sins.
This seemed like evil was wining out over good. So, God shows Habakkuk His plan.
Brief outline of this Book
I. The Burden – Chap. 1 The apparent triumph of s
II. The Vision – Chap. 2
Coming punishment of the Chaldeans
III. The Prayer – Chap. 3
Confidence that God is coming
I. The Burden
A. Chap. 1:1: he saw
1. Vs 2: he cried
2. Vs 2: he did not believe that God heard his cry of prayer
3. Vs 2: why does not God save?
B. He wonders why the wicked prosper?
1. The Chaldeans are bitter and nasty: Vs 6 – 7
2. Vs 9: they come for violence.
II. The Vision
A. Chap. 2:4: “… the just shall live by his faith.”
This verse is quoted 3 X’s in the New Testament
B. Chap. 2:14: The earth filled with God’s glory
C. Chap. 2:20: The Lord … in His Holy Temple: Psalm 11:4
III. The Prayer
A. Chap. 3:2: Revive Thy work
B. We find Habakkuk praising God, who will always work things out for His glory and
honor. Our part, take time to talk to Him in prayer; study His Word; wait patiently for
Five Woe’s In The Book Of Habakkuk
1. A Woe against aggression: 2:5-8.
This speaks of the doom, some think, of Nebuchadnezzar, who was principally active in the
destruction of Jerusalem
2. A Woe against covetousness 2:8-11
3. A Woe against violence: 2:12-14. Vs 14 is from Isaiah 11:9.
Vs 13, all the Babylonian cities will be burnt down: Jeremiah 51:58.
God defeats the enemy and in vs 14, the Word of God is spread.
4. A Woe against drinking and inhumanity: 2:15-17.
A 2 fold teaching here:
1. The king of Babylon was drunken with covetousness and cruelty. He provoked others to
do the same, and inflamed them by his madness, and so in the end brought them to shame.
2. Drinking alcohol can produce drunkenness.
Drunkenness produces stupid actions: Proverbs 23:29-33.
Vs 30: “mixed wine” = mixing wine with other ingredients to make it stronger.
It usually takes 3-7 days to ferment
Vs 31: “red’ = fermented.
5. A Woe against idolatry: 2:18-20
Basic lesson from this Book: We can rejoice and we should rejoice in spite of our unpleasant circumstances. Give your burdens to the Lord and wait on Him for a solution to your problems.
Realize, what we consider as our “problems” are really an opportunity for God to show His power in our lives.
It would be good for you to read Chapter 4 of the book of Philippians as a help to this.
God can take what we consider “problems” and use it for His honor, glory and His good.
I Peter 5:7: “Casting all your care upon Him, for He careth for you.”
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The Book Of Nahum
Human Writer: Nahum – his name means – “Consolation” or “Comfort.”
He lived during the times of Zephaniah, Habakkuk and Jeremiah. Nahum prophesied during the time when Hezekiah was king.
Message or theme: The destruction of the City of Nineveh. The Book of Nahum was written about 150 years after the great revival in Nineveh.
Nineveh was destroyed about 100 years later – just as predicted by the Prophet Nahum.
The City: Probably not the largest city during the time of Nahum.. The people had repented under the preaching of Jonah – But …. they went back into their old sins.
That is why God sent Nahum to preach to them final judgment.
The Assyrians were a worldly and sensual people as well as arrogant. Their empire was built by use of violence and brutality. Note: Nahum 3:1-3
Basic Lesson For Us: God is very well aware of the oppression that Christians suffer and He will repay the wicked for oppression of His people. Romans 12:19-21
Outline Of This Book
I. The Doom Of Nineveh – chap. 1
II. Siege And Fall Of Nineveh – chap 2
III. The Cause Of Nineveh’s Ruin – Sin – chap. 3
I. The Doom Described
A. Chapter 1:2-3: The whirlwind and the storm
B. Chapter 1:6-8: Fire – rocks – overrunning flood – darkness
II. The Siege And Fall Of The City
A. Vs 2: The emptiers, brought them from their land into captivity
B. Vs 2: Marred their vine branches: destroyed all the fruit of their land
C. Vs 3-4: A fierce battle will rage
1. Made red: the ancients dyed their bull’s-hide shields red, partly to strike terror into
the enemy, chiefly lest the blood from wounds which they might receive should be
perceived and give confidence to the foe
2. Vs 4: chariots … with flaming torches; that is, the chariots shall be like flaming
torches, their wheels in lightning-like rapidity of rotation flashing light and striking
sparks from the stones over which they pass (pt 1 & 2 quote from Jamieson – Fausset
III. The Cause Of Nineveh’s Ruin
A. The sins of that great city are
1. Murder 3:1
2. Whoredom and witchcraft: 3:4
3. Wickedness: 3:19
B. God’s judgment: Vs 5
1. He will expose their sin
2. It was an ancient custom to strip prostitutes naked, or throw their clothes over their
heads and expose them to public view
3. Nineveh will be stripped of her glory and defenses: the things that the city had pride in
C. Nineveh’s future: 3:19
1. No healing of thy bruise = the city will never be rebuilt
2. Shall clap the hands = rejoice in your down fall
3. bruit of thee = the report of what’s happened to Nineveh
For hundreds of years, most scholars thought that the City of Nineveh was a myth. In 1845, the ruins of Nineveh were found. The mounds across from the Tigris river from Mosul was confirmed to be the ruins of Nineveh.
This Book also teaches that: Even though the ungodly will prosper for a time – God’s judgment will come and God will deliver His people.
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Introduction: Micah lived during the time of Isaiah, the prophet.
His name means: “Who is like Jehovah.”
Isaiah was a learned man and ministered to the upper classes while Micah ministered more to the lower classes from which he came.
The Book: It was written during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah.
It shows judgment for idolatry. This Book followed the lead of most of the prophets and spoke of the ultimate triumph of God’s grace and the fulfillment of God’s covenant promise to the faithful remnant.
Date: 750 – 710 B.C.
This Book contributed to the revival under King Hezekiah: (Jeremiah 26:18-19).
NOTE: chapter 1:2 “Hear” 3:1 “Hear” – 6:1 “Hear”
Brief Outline Of The Book
I. Coming Judgment Declared – chaps 1-3
II. Future Blessing Promised – chaps 4-5
III. Repentance Pleaded – chaps 6-7
Note: Micah Chapter 7; the prophet pleads for repentance: what was their sin?
Micah 7:1-2: “… they lie in wait for blood …” = ambush – they have a plot;
“… they hunt every brother with a net.” = They set a trap for a brother
Micah 7:3: “… he uttereth his mischievous desire …” The sin of the “tongue” = gossip and sowing discord.
Micah 7:4: “… best … a briar …” = they are useless at best.
Micah 7:5-7: Vs 5; “Trust not in a friend …” = even the most intimate will betray each other, when they can hope to serve themselves by it.
Vs 6: “… a man’s enemies are men of his own house.” = The state of unnatural lawlessness in all relations of life is here described which is to characterize the last times, before Messiah comes.
Cross references: Proverbs 10:12 – 13:10 – 15:18 – 16:28 – 22:10 – 28:25-26
Galatians 5:17-20 & 6:7-8 – Philippians 2:1-3 & 14-16
James chapter 3 / Micah 7:3 “uttereth mischievous desire …” = The tongue
Central message of the Book: Present judgment and future blessing
Lesson: The Gentile nations will be blessed also during the last days of the regathering of
I. Man’s peace brings destruction
A. Micah is speaking here of the future – after the second coming of Christ.
B. The only real and true peace comes from Jesus Christ: John 16:33
1. “Ye shall have …” The Greek word “echo”
2. It will happen over and over and over and over.
3. That’s what the world’s peace brings to us.
C. There is PEACE in “knowing that you are saved”
D. There is PEACE in knowing that you are in God’s will after you are saved.
II. The Requirements Of God: Micah 6:8
A. The Bible speaks about duties
1. The duty of marriage
2. The duty of everyday living for and serving the Lord
B. The whole “Duty” of man: Ecclesiastes 12:13-14
1. “whole” = entire – our obligation to God
2. DUTY is something required = obedience to God in all areas of life
C. Our duty is summed up in this … Matthew 22:35-40
1. This means to be willing to give up your life to him, and to devote it all to His service;
to live for Him
2. If we love God as we should; we will have no trouble in obeying Him; serving Him
3. If a Christian’s heart is right with God, you will have no trouble being obedient in ALL
4. you will quit making excuses for not doing what you should do or why you’re not
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The Name Jonah: Means Dove
Jonah was from the Northern Kingdom. His hometown was 3 miles from the birthplace of Jesus, Bethlehem.
The first mention of Jonah: II Kings 14:25
The Book: It shows that the love of God and the redemption of man is not just for the Jew … but for ALL who will repent.
Date: Approximately 862 B.C.
Ninevah: At this time – the capital of the Assyrian Empire at its height. Until its fall in 612 B.C.
it was the greatest city of that time.
Within its walls were gardens and groves; vast, lush pastures; splendid temples and palaces.
Its walls were 40-50’ high following 2 miles down the Tigris River; then 8 miles around the inner city = 20 sq. miles.
They had their own water system. The Kings Palace contained 71 rooms with walls lined with sculptured slabs.
Chapter 4:11: there were 120,000 infants. The total population is estimated at between 400,000 & 500,000 people.
Jonah 1:2: It was a wicked city.
Jonah 3:3: It was 3 days journey through that great city
Jonah 3:5: The people repented, so … Why did Jonah run?
Brief Outline Of The Book
I. Fleeing – chap. 1
II. Praying – chap. 2
III. Preaching – chap 3
IV. Learning – chap. 4
Jonah knew of the prophecy regarding the Assyrians. Their capitol; was Nineveh – a rising power during Jonah’s time. One day, they would destroy Israel, Jonah’s homeland. Jonah also knew of the savagery of the Assyrians – their brutality, unspeakable torture, and killing of those they conquered.
God tells Jonah to preach to those murderous savages so that they would be saved; knowing that one day …. they would conquer his people. Jonah was willing to spare his people; give up everything of importance to him and sacrifice his own life, if necessary, for Israel. He knew that if he preached and they got saved; God would spare Nineveh and Israel’s fate would be sealed.
Jonah was wrong for putting his people first and obedience to God second. We must obey God, even if it doesn’t make sense to us …. even if we don’t understand it …. even if we don’t like the outcome of it.