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If I were to ask you the question: “If you were to die right now, are you 100% sure that you would go to heaven?” What would be your reply?
Many have said: “No one knows for sure.” or “I’m 95-99% sure.” “I don’t know.” I run into a few who say with surety: “I am sure I would go to heaven.”
I would like to share with you, from the Bible, God’s Word, how you can be 100% sure.
I John 5:13 says: “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God”. Notice the word “know.” When you know something you are 100% sure.
Now, how can you know? To simply determine this, one must know what the Bible says in regard to salvation. Some believe that their religion will save them …. But they are not sure of heaven either. Many will say that “I must do the best I can.” Others: “Keep the 10 commandments.” This all amounts to a system of good works.
I submit to you, that if our religion or good works would save our souls – then why did Jesus die on the cross? Let’s see what the Bible says about our good works.
Ephesians 2:8-9 “For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast”.
Galatians 3:1-3 “O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you? This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?
Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh?”
In Romans 11:6 we read: “And if by grace, then is it no more of works: otherwise grace is no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is no more work”.
Now, I realize that if I put all of the verses on works from the Bible in this post – it would be very lengthy. Would you read it all? The verses above basically teach us that our good deeds do not save us – we cannot save ourselves – we need the salvation that the Lord provides for us.
Galatians 3:24-25 regarding the Law – reads as follows: “Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith. But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster”.
Here we read that the Law was given to show us what sin is. The Law was our teacher, to teach us right from wrong. Why? So we could be saved by faith.
One day, someone took their Bible and shared with me how to be sure of heaven. Allow me to share it with you. It changed my life and my destiny.
First of all – in the Book of Romans 3:10 “As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:”
Vserse 12 reads: “They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one”. Then verse 23: “For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.” I thought “I’m in a bad spot. If I am not good or righteous and am a sinner, I have no hope. What will I do?”
The person went on to share with me the following. Romans 5:8 “But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.” He explained that God loved me so much that He sent Jesus to die for me. Jesus Christ paid for all my sins, He took the punishment for me, so that I wouldn’t have to.
The, he went to Romans 6:23 which reads: “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord”. Hmmmm I’m going to die one day, where will I go?
Being a sinner, I would surely go to hell. But I read and was told that God has a gift for me. That gift is eternal life and it comes from Jesus Christ. God’s gift does not come through me or my goodness or my keeping the 10 Commandments, but it is a GIFT.
O.K. How do I get God’s gift? Romans 10:9-10 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation” God’s gift is received by us when we acknowledge that we are a sinner;
and then we receive Christ into our hearts and lives.
Verse 13 reads: “For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.” Whosoever means ANYBODY can be saved and it by faith in what God did for us. Whosover means YOU.
In II Peter 3:9 we are told that God is not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. You see, God’s will is for folks to be saved and NOT to perisy = spend eternity in hell. My friend, God loves us so much that He made a plan for mankind. That plan was for us to have eternal life – to be saved – to go to heaven. That plan was for God to come to this world as Jesus Christ – God’s “only begotten son.” He went to the Cross paying the price for every sin that you and I ever committed. He arose the third day, conquering death, hell and the grave fou you and for me. He offers us salvation, a FREE GIFT – forgiveness of sins and a home in heaven. He says that if we believe and receive, we shall be saved.
My friend, would you, now receive Jesus Gift of salvation? If so, the following prayer can be of a help to you. It is not just reciting some words, but it is belief in your heart.
“Dear God, I know that I am a sinner. Please forgive me of all my sins. I now ask Jesus Christ to come into my heart and save my soul. In Jesus name, A-men”.
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Introduction: The children of Judah had been carried into captivity by Babylon. Some men that had gone back to Judah, had come back to Shushan; the winter residence of the King of Persia, Artaxerxes. The Temple had been rebuilt and worship reestablished; the walls of Jerusalem was still in ruins. If the city was to survive, the walls had to be rebuilt, so God raised up Nehemiah for that task.
All of this took place about 446 B.C. … about 2,450 years ago. Nehemiah was the king’s Cup bearer – a high position. This was a high paying job; he was held in high esteem and he was very influential at his job. Nehemiah never wore a crown; never commanded an army; never conquered a country. He was not noted for oratory or philosophy; yet he was a pious, praying, man of God and he served the Lord very well. He was a greater man and more honorable than any of the Roman consuls or dictators; greater than the Greek philosophers – such as Plato, who lived during this same time period.
Nehemiah records, in this Book, the works of his hands but the worship of his heart in the management of public affairs. From the 20th year to the 32nd year of the king, Nehemiah was governor of Judah. This is the last historical Book of the Old Testament.
- Rebuilding Of The Walls
- Nehemiah views the ruined walls – 2:11-16
- Nehemiah encourages the people to build the walls 2:17-20
- Their opponents ridicule them – 4:1-3
- Spiritual lessons from this part of the Book
- I Corinthians 16:9 God opens doors and the enemy doesn’t want you to succeed
- II Timothy 3:12 God’s people will suffer persecution – be ridiculed etc.
- Nehemiah responds by taking it to God in prayer – 4:4-6
- Their opponents get angry with them – 4:7-8
- Vs 7 – very wroth = hot – incensed – burning up
- Vs 9 – Nehemiah prayed and had a continual watch
- Opposition within – vs 14 – fear of the enemy
- God’s people were afraid which led to discouragement
- vs 20 – an encouragement to trust in God – faith
- Opposition by craftiness – chapter 6
- vs 2 – mischief
- vs 6,7 – accused of rebellion
- Nehemiah’s reply – vs 8
- The wall is completed – 15
- The People Revived And Reconstructed
- The Law was read and explained to the people – chap. 8:-12
- NOTE: vs 1,3,4,5,6,8,10
- The reading of God’s Word sparked a revival among the people
- Hebrews 4:12 – Word of God is ……
- The people fast and repent – chap. 9
- the Word of God should bring folks back to the God of the Word
- Psalms 12:6 – 119:9 & 11, 16, 18, 30, 33 – 40; 89, 97, 127, 140, 160, 164.
Spiritual message from the Book of Nehemiah: We work for the Lord in our physical labors; yet we must also have the Word of God. People that truly work for God will seek understanding from the Word of God. Understanding and obeying God’s Word brings joy to us as we labor for God. Without Ezra’s teaching and Nehemiah’s leadership, the Jewish religion and community might not have survived.
Practical lesson from Nehemiah: Planning and organization are necessary to effectively carry out the work of God. Under Nehemiah’s reforms, a lot was accomplished through his skills of organization, in which he followed God’s guidance.
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Introduction: Ezra, Nehemiah, Ester, Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi, all record the return of the Jewish remnant to Palestine and to Jerusalem. About 50 years after the fall of Jerusalem, the Jews came under Persian rule. The Persians were conquered by the Babylonians; now, the Jews were subjects to Babylon.
In 538 B.C., Cyrus issued a decree permitting and encouraging all people in exile, in his domain, to return to their home lands. The first group of Jews were led by Zerubbabel and Joshua in 536 B.C. Ezra led another group in 458 B.C. and he restored the Law and the rituals.
Most of the nation remained in Babylon on their own free will because they were prospering there. The number that returned to Palestine was a very small percentage of the exiled people. This is a shame to those who stayed in Babylon. God had prophesied that He would raise up a king that would decree that His people would return to the Land that God had given to them.
The Israelites were 70 years in captivity and God had given them opportunity for them to return to their homeland. This was with the help of three Persian kings: Cyrus, Darius and Artaxerxes. God uses the leadership of five Godly Jews to build the second Temple and to restore proper worship in Jerusalem. Those five were: Zerubbabel, Joshua, Haggai, Zechariah and Ezra.
The Book of Ezra covers about 80 years of history. Three others Persian kings; Cambyses, Smerdis and Xerxes, have virtually nothing said about them. They cover a 58 year period of history in which these kings tried and failed two times to conquer Greece. This is the same time period in which the events of the Book of Ester takes place.
- The Return Under Zerubbabel
- Go to Jerusalem to build the House of the Lord 1:3
- we work to build the House of the Lord
- there is a building referred to as God’s House – a particular meeting place
- there is the building up of the people who make up God’s House
- winning souls to Christ and baptizing them
- building up of people
- building up the numbers of the congregation
- building means: to instruct, to encourage
- to mold and to shape that we may be like Jesus and do His work
- In the Old Testament, the House of the Lord was the Tabernacle in the Wilderness then it
was the Temple
- God gave specific instruction on how it was to be built and operated
- God gives specific instructions in the New Testament for the Local, New Testament Church
- Hindrances To The Work Of The Lord
- The people praised God because the Temple was to be restored – Ezra 3:8 & 11-13
- The enemies work at destruction – 4:1-5
- vs 2- “let us build with you.”
- enemies try to get inside the work and destroy it from within
- always remember … God builds … satan destroys
- vs 3 – the leaders of the people refused to let them “help”
- vs 4-5 – the enemies fought from the outside
- enemies can be the obvious – N.C.C. & W.C.C. – Communist party; local clergy; associations etc. Their goal is to lead all church to become “one”
This breaks down the doctrines of the local church etc.
- enemies can be subtle and sly – gossip – sowing discord – undermining of the pastor; undermining of the teachings of the local church – working behind the scenes to “change” the way the church believes or operates etc.
- the enemies purpose is to destroy
NOTE: from the end of chapter 6, till the beginning of chapter 7, there was a 60 year gap. It was here when Zerubbabel dies; at the beginning of chapter 7, Ezra comes to Jerusalem. It is during this 60 year time span when the Book of Ester takes place.
III. The Return Under Ezra
- Ezra is their leader – chapter 7
- Their journey to Jerusalem – chapter 8
- approximately 1,500 priests and head of houses went to Jerusalem with Ezra
- an unknown number of women and children also went with him
- Sin in the camp
- chap. 9:1-2 – lack of separation from the world
- the response from Ezra – vs 4-6
- he was astonished – vs 4
- he begins to pray – vs 5
- he is ashamed – vs 6
- he blushes = embarrassment – vs 6
- acknowledgment and confession of the peoples sins – vs 6 – 7
- Grace – vs 8
- God is a God of grace
- He revives from sin and bondage
- Hope – chapter 10:1-2
- when a person repents of their sins and turns back to God – He revives them
- Jeremiah 17:7 – Psalms 39:7 – Titus 1:2
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Introduction: In the Hebrew Bible, the Books of I and II Chronicles are called “The Affairs of the Days.” They are a Chronicle which arranges, in order, the events from the time of Adam to Nehemiah. Basically, both I and II Chronicles deal with the same happenings as recorded in I and II Samuel and the both Books of Kings.
These Books give us the genealogies of Israel and the events of the Southern Kingdom (Judah.), to the time of the Babylonian captivity. I and II Chronicles are one Book in the Jewish Canon of Scriptures and were most likely written during the time when Israel was held captive by Babylon.
Why Genealogies? They preserve the racial purity of Israel – the priesthood – and worship. We find these Books dealing mostly with Judah and the City of Jerusalem, due to the fact that this was the kingdom and the city where the Temple was constructed.
It is also important to note: – as we studied in Genesis – man and this earth are not billions nor millions of years old. Approximately 4,000 – 5,000 years have gone by from the time of Adam till the time of Christ. From Christ until this day – approximately 2,000 have past. This puts the earth and man at approximately 6,000 years old.
What about the time span to make the Grand Canyon and other such wonders of this world? Didn’t they take millions of years to be formed? Answer: No. God created Adam and Eve as adults – not as babies. He created the Garden of Eden as a garden with grown trees – animals etc.
Certainly God could have – and did – create the Grand Canyon etc. in their mature state – not taking millions of years etc. as the evolutionists would have us believe.
Author: The Holy Spirit: Ezra is believed to be the human writer. The closing verses of II Chronicles are repeated in the opening verses of the Book of Ezra.
Purpose: These two Books were written to restore hope and proper order to the Jews returning from Babylonian exile. David is gone – no longer King. The Temple is burned.
Ezra gave emphasis to the fact that the Davidic line was still with them – this gave them the hope
of the Messiah to come. Hope that the Kingdom would one day be restored eternally and centered at the City of Jerusalem. Ezra also emphasizes their past, which led them to their dispersion because of their own apostasy.
The Temple would be rebuilt first – not David’s throne – not the City – not any secular symbol. The Temple would be a Divine symbol to reassure the Jews and show the world that God had given the Nation of Israel special promises that He will fulfill. This story serves both as an encouragement and as a warning.
Divisions of I Chronicles: I. Genealogies – chaps. 1-10 II. The Reign of David – chaps 11-29
- Genealogies – chaps. 1-10
- Chapter 1 – Adam to Jacob
This gives the place of Israel in world history.
Focus is given to the line of Jacob – but includes line of Esau
The divine choice of Israel is in view here.
- Chapter 2 – Jacob to David
The chosen line of Jacob (Israel) to King David – the greatest King of Israel.
It includes the line of Caleb
- Chapter 3 – The sons of David
Included here is the post – exile – showing that the chosen line of David still existed and
- Chapter 4-8 – Genealogies of the tribes of Israel
A review of this and their allotments in the Land
- Chapter 9 – Post-exile resettlement
- The Reign of David – chaps 11-29
- Anointed By God – chaps. 10-12
- The Ark of the Lord – chaps. 13-16
- God’s Covenant with David – chaps. 17-21 – note 17:7-15
- Preparations for the Temple – Service of the Temple – Levites – Priests – Singers and Porters
Divisions of I Chronicles: I. Solomon and the Temple chaps. 1-9, II. Kingdom of Judah – 10-36
- Solomon and the Temple
- Solomon – chap. 1
- Construction of the Temple – chaps. 2-7
- Fame of Solomon – chap. 8
- Solomon and Queen of Sheba – chap. 9
- Kingdom of Judah
- The Kingdom is divided into Judah and Israel – chap. 10
- Judah’s twenty Kings – chap. 11- 36:13
- Judah’s exile to Babylon – chap. 36:14-21
- Decree – 36:22-23 found in Ezra – the connection
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Introduction: I & II Kings record the reign of Solomon and then the succeeding Kings of Israel and Judah. They cover a time period of 400 years and tell us of the growth and decay of the kingdoms.
Central message: Willful sin brings a sad end
Central theme: The sin, fall and sending into captivity of both, Israel and Judah. In this book, we will focus on two events that I believe would be most helpful to us in the realm of faith.
- Widow’s Oil – II Kings 4
- The widow asks for help – vs 1
- vs 2 – she was down to a pot of oil = she was broke
- we can justify in our own minds: I want to serve the Lord, but I have nothing to give
- Go borrow = action. This was a plan to succeed NOT a plan to fail – vs 3 – not a few
- vs 4-5 – Elisha give her instructions. These were Godly instructions from the man of God She followed them = obeyed
- Vs 6 – The widow gave her all – by faith obeyed
- Full – God’s man took the pot of oil (singular vs 2)
- Filled the vessels (plural)
- Vs 7 – God’s man gives further instructions
- Go sell = again action, obedience
- sell the oil and pay the debt
Summary: Sometimes it may not make sense, but we are to obey even if we don’t understand it.
How could you take a pot of oil and fill several containers with it?
Giving your all, when you have next to nothing, defies all common sense. But God requires of us and we are to trust and to obey and let Him supply our need.
Trust in the Word of God – let God supply to you – something that you do not have – in order to meet your needs.
Give what you have to God – let Him multiply it and use it for His praise, honor and glory.
What if the widow had been selfish and kept the last pot of oil? She would have lost her two sons to slavery (bondsman).
What does God want from you? Answer … YOU. II Corinthians 8:2-5
You may not have much to offer – but God is waiting for YOU to give Him YOU.
- The Healing Of Naaman – II Kings 5
- Vs 1 – A great man – man of valour – a leper
- the Lord had used him to deliver Syria from their enemy
- being a leper shows that he had a need
- shows that he could not, himself, do anything about it.
- we all have needs everyday in life
- God can meet your needs
- Vs 6- 9: By Faith – the King of Syria sent Naaman to be healed – to get his needs met
- Vs 10 – Elisha, God’s prophet, told Naaman how to get his needs met
- Vs 11 – Naaman was wroth – Hebrew – he burst out in a rage
- sometimes folks get mad at the man of God – the pastor – when he gives you Godly advice and direction from the Word of God
- Naaman had sinful pride – “Behold I thought …”
- Naaman wanted to hear what he wanted to hear
- Vs 12 – Naaman wanted it his way and when he didn’t get it his way – he got mad
- Vs 13 – We want to do something great – but get mad when it doesn’t happen
- if he told you something great – you would have done it. So why not do this thing?
- Proverbs 12:15
- Proverbs 14:12 & 16:25
- Vs 14 – And he was clean –
- God’s Word is true
- Obedience brings blessings
- God has chosen the foolish things to confound the wise
- Your way isn’t always right
- God’s ways are always right
- God’s man should be listened to
Conclusion: Always apply the Word of God to your own heart and not to someone else’s.
Listen – obey – trust. Don’t get mad at the preacher or at God when you get advice you don’t like. By faith – believe – obey – trust.
By faith – we receive salvation
By faith – be obedient in ALL things
By faith – be baptized
By faith – tithe to your church
By faith – give to missions
By faith – share Christ with others – be a witness – win souls
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Introduction: Originally, I and II Samuel were called I and II Kings while I and II Kings were commonly called II and IV Kings. I Kings records the death of David and the reign of Solomon. Then we have the building of Solomon’s Temple and his death. Solomon becomes king – we find the divided kingdom and the ministry of Elijah.
Author: The Holy Spirit
Human Writer: According to Jewish tradition (Talmud, Baba Bathra, f 15.1) Jeremiah is the human writer.
Purpose: To give the history of the kings of the nation in relation to God rather than relation to their subjects or other nations.
Central message: Disobedience brought division. Because of Solomon’s disobedience, God promised that the kingdom would be divided after Solomon’s reign – I Kings 11:11.
Division of I Kings: 1. The Reign Of Solomon 1-11 2. The Kingdom Divided 12-22
- The Reign Of Solomon Chaps. 1-11
- Solomon ascends to the throne chap. 1
- vs 1 – David is “striken in years”
- vs 5 – Adonijah exalts himself to be king vs 18 – David didn’t know about this
- vs 39 – Zadok, the priest, anoints Solomon, David’s son, king
- David’s charge to Solomon – chap. 2:1-11
- vs 2 – “show thyself a man” — good advice from a father to his son
- vs 3 – obey God
- vs 10-11 – David dies
- Solomon gets rid of his enemies
- vs 24 – Adonijah put to death .. Solomon’s elder brother vs 22
- vs 33-34 – Joab put to death
- vs 42 & 46 – death of Shimei
- Solomon is blessed – vs 45
- Solomon receives wisdom and wealth – chaps. 3-4
- vs 5-14 – Solomon ask for wisdom
- God gives him what he didn’t ask for – vs 13
- the source of Solomon’s wisdom can be ours today – Matthew 7:7 – James 1:5
- Solomon’s Temple is being built – chaps. 5-9
- this is the first Temple at Jerusalem
- If you know Christ as Saviour – the Temple of God is within you I Corinthians 3:16
- God warns Solomon about defiling the Temple – I Kings 9:3-9 note vs 6
- God warns Christians about defiling the Temple – I Corinthians 3:17
- fyeirw phtheiro, fthi’-ro is the same word for defile and also for destroy
- to pine or waste; properly, to shrivel or wither, to spoil (by any process) or (generally) to ruin (especially figuratively, by moral influences, to deprave):–corrupt (self), defile, destroy.
- the word “Temple” means “shrine.”
- Solomon and the Queen of Sheba – chap. 10
- Solomon’s falls into sin – chap. 11
- vs 1 – he is immoral
- vs 4 – his wives turn to other gods – his heart is not right with God
- Solomon falls into sin of idolatry – vs 5-8
- polygamy was forbidden, especially for rulers – it is forbidden today
- Deuteronomy 17:17: I Timothy 3:2
- marrying outside of God’s people is forbidden by God: Deuteronomy 7:3 I Cor. 6:14-18 – II Corinthians 6:14
- I Kings 11:9 – God was angry with Solomon
- vs 14 & 23 – God sent someone to be Solomon’s adversary = opponent
- Jeroboam vs 26- 40
- vs 28: a man of valor
- vs 40: Solomon wants to kill Jeroboam
- vs 41-43: Death of Solomon
The second section covers the first 80 years of the Divided Kingdom. It was divided with the ten (10) tribes of Israel to the North and the two (2) tribes of the kingdom of Judah, to the South.
- The Kingdom Divided chaps. 12-22
- Idolatry in Israel – the Kingdom to the North
- 12:26 – Jeroboam – in his heart – knew what was right
- 12:27 – sinful pride – he was selfish
- 12:28 – 31 – makes 2 golden calves for them to worship
- 14:15-16 – Israel is scattered because of the sin of their king – Jeroboam
- Idolatry in Judah – chap. 13
- vs 22 – Judah sinned more than their fore fathers
- vs 23 – they worshipped false gods
- sin of sodomy
NOTE: After the kingdom was divided – the 8 kings of Israel and the first 5 kings of Judah, were evil with the exception of Asa and Jehoshaphat – two kings of Judah.
- Elijah’s ministry begins – I Kings chaps. 17-22
- He is a man of faith and walked close to God – 17:4 – 17:8-16
- He had the power of God upon him – 18:17-24; 18:36-41 & 46
- Elijah is also very human – chap. 19
- he gets discouraged and depressed 19:4-5
- he has a pity party 19:10 & 14
- God doesn’t give up on Elijah 19:5 & 7 and 15-18
- God is an ever present God – I Kings 20:23, 28
- The fate of Jezebel 21:23
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The Forty Year reign Of David
Introduction: In I Samuel, we saw the failure of Eli and Saul. II Samuel gives us the restoring of order through David ascending to the throne as King. David was the greatest king of Israel and his reign was 40 years; from 30 years old until seventy years old. David was also known as a man after God’s own heart: I Samuel 13:14 – Acts 13:22.
Author: The Holy Spirit
Human writer: Samuel
The events recorded in this Book cover a 38 year time period
Division of this Book:
- The Triumphs Of David: chaps 1-12
- The Troubles Of David: chaps 13-24
Section I -The Triumphs Of David
- David First Reigned Over Judah In Hebron – chap. 1-4 (2:4)
- No one is to touch God’s anointed – 1:13-16
- A long war between David and the heirs of Saul – chaps 2-4 (3:1)
- David becomes king over Israel chaps 5-12 (5:3)
- David had kinship with them – vs 1
- David’s leadership was known and proven – vs 2
- He was appointed by God as shepherd and captain – vs 2 “feed my people Israel”
- The Davidic Covenant 7:11-16
- vs 11 – God will make him a house
- vs 13 -16 – the house is for God’s Name – the throne established forever
- Christ is the fulfillment of this – Hebrews 1:8; Psalms 45:6; Psalms 89:3-4; Isaiah 9:6-7
- This is an unconditional covenant
- The Davidic Covenant was the 4th step in the development of the prophecy of the Messiah to come
Development Of The Messianic Prophecy
- The promise to THE RACE in Adam through the seed of woman – Genesis 3:15
- Through ONE NATION of the race, Israel, through the seed of Abraham – Genesis 22:18
- Through ONE TRIBE of that nation, Judah, through Jacob – Genesis 49:10
- Through ONE FAMILY, the family of David – II Samuel 7:11-16
FULFILLMENT OF THE PROPHECY
Fulfillment in ONE PERSON – Christ – Isaiah 9:6-7; Galatians 3:16
- The conquering warrior – David – chaps. 8-10
- David’s sin chaps. 11-12
- II Samuel 11:1 – David tarried
- he failed to go to work that day – disobedience
- in the wrong place – at the wrong time
- look turned into lust 11:2
- vs 4 – lust turned into adultery
- vs 15-17 – murder of Uriah, Bathsheba’s husband
- vs 27 – David marries Bathsheba – he stole another man’s wife and tried to cover his sin
- II Samuel 12:9 – David’s sin was found out – Numbers 32:23
- sin is rarely singular
- attempts to cover up sin, is a sin and usually leads to other sins, and others and others
- I Samuel 13:14 – even a man after God’s own heart can fall into sin in weakness
- those who haven’t fallen can learn from this
- those who have fallen can learn that there is HOPE of restoration
- progression of sin – results and remedy
- considering David’s story – we can see that catastrophic sin is a process
- it is not so much an isolated incident
- there is only one escape
Section II -The Troubles Of David
In fulfilling God’s judgment, David went through several years of suffering. His sufferings came from within his own family as well as from without.
- The Sins Of David Were Committed By His Sons – chap. 13
- Amnon Vs 1-2, 11, 14
- He we have the sins of rape and incest
- murdered by his brother Absalom – vs 28-29
- the murder was by deception and manipulation exactly as their father, David, had done before them Exodus 20:5, 34:7, Numbers 14:18, Deuteronomy 5:9: sins of fathers are visited upon the children unto the third and fourth generation.
- David’s son, Absalom, rebels: chap. 15-18
- Absalom tries to dethrone his father – David – unsuccessfully
- Absalom is killed and his father – David – mourns for his rebellious son -chap. 18:9-33
- he is hanged in an Oak tree – 18:9-10
- David’s grief for his son – 18:33
- David Returns To Jerusalem – chap. 19
III. The Remaining Years Of David – chap. 20-24
- Joab murders Amasa -19:9-10
- Three years of famine – chap. 21
- war with the Philistines – 21:15-22
- the enemy was giants – vs 20
- they were the brothers of Golaith whom David killed many years earlier
- our enemy (s) never give up on us – they will always be there – trying to defeat us
- David’s song of deliverance – chap. 22
- vs 2-3 are also a Psalm
- vs 2 is Psalms 91:2 while vs 3 is similar to Psalms 18:2
- David’s mighty men – chap. 23:8 till end of chapter
- David’s sin of numbering the people – chap. 24
- vs 1 – David is tempted by satan to number or take a census of Israel and Judah
- I Chronicles 21:1-6
- The purchase of the threshing floor of Araunah – chap. 24:18-25
- this is land where Abraham offered Isaac 400 years before
- this eventually becomes the building site of Solomon’s Temple
- vs 24 – true worship and service to the Lord costs us something or it is meaningless
- a price was paid for salvation
- our time – talents – money – heart etc. must be put into true worship if it is to have real meaning and value to us.
- He who has a religion that costs him nothing, has a religion that is worth nothing:
- no man will esteem the ordinances of God, if those ordinances cost him nothing.
- Charles Spurgeon said of this: “True devotion to godly men that service of God tastes sweetest which costs them most. Nothing is dear enough to give to God; expense is not to be reckoned when the gift is for him. We would not be as those who only bring to God what they can collect from our own store.”
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Introduction: Beginning in I Samuel and continuing through II Chronicles – we have the record of the rise and fall of Israel’s monarchy. I Samuel covers the first period of about 115 years. – from the birth of Samuel to the death of Saul.
Here, we have the transition from theocracy and the judges to the monarchy under kings. Samuel was the last of the judges. This Book records the moral failure of the priesthood under Eli. In the prophetic office, Samuel was faithful and he begins the line of the writing prophets. In this Book, the line of Judges end’s and the line of Kings begins with Saul.
In the Book of Judges, we saw Israel under the theocracy: God was the King. Israel constantly turned away from their King and turned to false gods. Compromise and disobedience brought chastisement and, after a time, deliverance.
God established the school and office of the prophets through Samuel. He also instituted reforms to restore the religious moral life of Israel. The school of the prophets taught the true doctrines of God which brought true worship and a return to Godly morality. It also raised the mental state of the nation through reading and writing. This produced educated leaders that were truly able to lead an educated nation.
God also used Samuel to set up a constitutional monarchy. Saul was to have been a king in obedience to God’s Law: this did not happen until David became king.
King Saul could not read or write. When David, raised in the educational system of Samuel, became king, Israel had a king who was in subservience to God’s Law, on the throne.
Author: The Holy Spirit
Human writer: Samuel
Divisions Of I Samuel
- I Samuel – chap. 1-7
His life and ministry
- Saul – chap. 8-15
His life and ministry
III. David – chap. 16-31
His life and ministry
The First Section
I Samuel – chap. 1-7
I. Samuel Was The First To Use The Term – “Lord Of Hosts.”
- I Samuel 1:3 – this recognizes God as the Sovereign of all hosts
- earthly hosts – army of Israel
- celestial host – sun, moon, stars
- heavenly host – heavenly beings
- Beginning here, “Lord of hosts” is used 235 times in the Bible
- Hebrew = Jehovah Sabaoth
- primary meaning of Jehovah = “the self-existent one.”
- Exodus 3:14 – Literally – He that is who He is OR the eternal “I AM”
- it is the name of Jehovah in manifestation of power
- the “Lord of hosts” is the “King of glory” – Psalms 24:10
- This Name is revealed in Israel’s time of need
- it is never found in the Pentateuch
- not directly found in Joshua or Judges
- it occurs rarely in the Psalms
- Jeremiah, the prophet, uses the name about 80 times
- Haggai – in 2 chapters – uses the name 14 times
- Zechariah – in 14 chapters – uses the name approximately 50 times
- Malachi uses the name about 25 times
- Samuel: The Last Judge Of Israel
- I Samuel 7:6 – God raised him up during the darkest days of Israel after they had been in the Promised Land
- the 6th servitude was going strong – the Philistines were gaining strength
- it now look as if God’s light to the world – through Israel – was about to be put out
- at this point – God raised up Samuel – I Samuel 3:3
- The time period of Judges saw Israel fall into 6 major apostasies
- this resulted in being slaves to their enemies or captures
- the Lord delivered them from 5 of them through the Judges
The Second Section – I Samuel – chap. 8-15
Notes: God told Samuel to give Israel their earthly king> God told Samuel to warn them that this king does not give; he takes: I Samuel 8 1-22. Part of the reason they wanted an earthly king was because of the ungodly character of Samuel’s sons who would have followed him as judges over Israel. However, they showed a lack of faith in God, their Heavenly King.
Samuel dies during the reign of Saul: I Samuel 25:1. This was after David’s anointing; I Samuel 16:13 and during the time when David was a fugitive from Saul.
In this section, we see the life and ministry of Saul – he was the first of Israel’s kings.
II. Saul was to be a theocratic king that would rule in cooperation with the priests and prophets. He was to rule under God’s Law as written in the “manner of the kingdom,” as well as other rules and proclamations that were revealed through the mouths of his prophets. This did not happen until David became the king of Israel after Saul died.
- Saul’s Career As King
- Anointed king
- oil – a symbol of the Holy Spirit chap. 10:1
- vs 6 – the Spirit of the Lord –
- vs 6 – turned into another man – II Cor. 5:17
- another heart – a heart to serve and live for God – vs 9
- Saul’s self will chap. 13
- the battle vs. 4-7
- Saul foolishly does the job of the priest – vs 9-10
- divine rejection of Saul – vs 13-14
- Saul’s disobedience – chap. 15
- vs 1-3 – Saul was to obey the voice of the words of the Lord – I Samuel 15:22
- vs 9 – partial obedience is disobedience
- vs 10-11 – God is never pleased in partial obedience = disobedience
- vs 15 – Saul kept the best of the worst. Vs 3 – destroy it ALL – here, Saul keeps what he wants.
- vs 19 – sin is evil.
- vs 23 – sin is rebellion – stubbornness results in iniquity = breaking God’s laws which leads to idolatry.
- vs 35 – God was sorry He made Saul king over Israel
- Saul’s sin of disobedience robbed Saul of God’s blessings
- Saul’s sin sets Saul aside for service – David will now be God’s king over Israel
- If we do not follow the Lord- obey – do His will – God can set you aside for service and choose someone else to do that work and receive God’s blessings
III. David – chap. 16-31 – I Samuel chaps. 16-31
Here, we read about David’s life and ministry – he became the greatest king of Israel. David was also known as the sweet Psalmist of Israel. In Matthew chapter 1, we read of the lineage of Christ and find that David was a forefather of Christ. In Luke 1:32, we read that Jesus is heir to the throne of David.
- David Anointed King By Samuel – 16:1-13 (VS13)
- David was a young, innocent looking, boy; he was not tall: vs 6-7
- God chooses the unlikely: I Corinthians 1:26-29
- David And Goliath – chap. 17
- David defends Israel
- the enemy (Goliath) is 9’3” tall – vs 4
- your enemy may be big and loom over you and seem like defeat is eminent
- our strength is from the Lord – vs 42-47
- the challenge – vs 8-10
- The battle and the victory
- vs 49-51
- David fights an impossible battle – impossible odds – not equipped with the worlds weapons, but he wins. How? I Thessalonians 5:22
III. Saul Plots Against David – chap. 18 – 19
- Covenant of David and Jonathan – chap. 18:1
- Saul’s jealousy – vs 8-9
- David marries Michal: Saul’s daughter – vs 20-21
- David condemned to death by Saul – chap. 19:1
- Saul seeks to kill David – vs 10
- David flees – vs 18
- Saul sends messengers to capture David
- David Is In Exile – chap. 19:18- chap. 30
- Saul seeks advice from the witch of Endor 28:7-18
- Saul pays the price – vs 18-19
- Death Of King Saul – chap. 31
- He takes his own life – vs 4
- This chapter contains the death of Saul and his sons – vs 6
Lessons: Respect God’s anointed as David did Saul. Let God control to course of events which includes taking care of our enemies. Never forget – God is in control. God placed David in a place of safety. If he had stayed with Saul, he would have, most likely, died with Saul and his sons. God preserved David through the dangers and guided him away from destruction.